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memcache.h

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/** @file
 * IPRT - Memory Object Allocation Cache.
 */

/*
 * Copyright (C) 2006-2010 Sun Microsystems, Inc.
 *
 * This file is part of VirtualBox Open Source Edition (OSE), as
 * available from http://www.virtualbox.org. This file is free software;
 * you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU
 * General Public License (GPL) as published by the Free Software
 * Foundation, in version 2 as it comes in the "COPYING" file of the
 * VirtualBox OSE distribution. VirtualBox OSE is distributed in the
 * hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY of any kind.
 *
 * The contents of this file may alternatively be used under the terms
 * of the Common Development and Distribution License Version 1.0
 * (CDDL) only, as it comes in the "COPYING.CDDL" file of the
 * VirtualBox OSE distribution, in which case the provisions of the
 * CDDL are applicable instead of those of the GPL.
 *
 * You may elect to license modified versions of this file under the
 * terms and conditions of either the GPL or the CDDL or both.
 *
 * Please contact Sun Microsystems, Inc., 4150 Network Circle, Santa
 * Clara, CA 95054 USA or visit http://www.sun.com if you need
 * additional information or have any questions.
 */

#ifndef ___iprt_memcache_h
#define ___iprt_memcache_h


#include <iprt/cdefs.h>
#include <iprt/types.h>

RT_C_DECLS_BEGIN


/** @defgroup grp_rt_memcache   RTMemCache - Memory Object Allocation Cache
 * @ingroup grp_rt
 *
 * Optimized allocation, initialization, freeing and destruction of memory
 * objects of the same kind and size.
 *
 * @{
 */

/** A memory cache handle. */
typedef R3R0PTRTYPE(struct RTMEMCACHEINT *)     RTMEMCACHE;
/** Pointer to a memory cache handle. */
00052 typedef RTMEMCACHE                             *PRTMEMCACHE;
/** Nil memory cache handle. */
00054 #define NIL_RTMEMCACHE                          ((RTMEMCACHE)0)


/**
 * Object constructor.
 *
 * This is called for when an element is allocated for the first time.
 *
 * @returns IPRT status code.
 * @param   hMemCache           The cache handle.
 * @param   pvObj               The memory object that should be initialized.
 * @param   pvUser              The user argument.
 *
 * @remarks No serialization is performed.
 */
typedef DECLCALLBACK(int) FNMEMCACHECTOR(RTMEMCACHE hMemCache, void *pvObj, void *pvUser);
/** Pointer to an object constructor for the memory cache. */
00071 typedef FNMEMCACHECTOR *PFNMEMCACHECTOR;

/**
 * Object destructor.
 *
 * This is called when we're shrinking or destroying the cache.
 *
 * @param   hMemCache           The cache handle.
 * @param   pvObj               The memory object that should be initialized.
 * @param   pvUser              The user argument.
 *
 * @remarks No serialization is performed.
 */
typedef DECLCALLBACK(void) FNMEMCACHEDTOR(RTMEMCACHE hMemCache, void *pvObj, void *pvUser);
/** Pointer to an object destructor for the memory cache. */
00086 typedef FNMEMCACHEDTOR *PFNMEMCACHEDTOR;


/**
 * Create an allocation cache for fixed size memory objects.
 *
 * @returns IPRT status code.
 * @param   phMemCache          Where to return the cache handle.
 * @param   cbObject            The size of one memory object.
 * @param   cbAlignment         The object alignment.  This must be a power of
 *                              two.  The higest alignment is 64.  If set to 0,
 *                              a sensible alignment value will be derived from
 *                              the object size.
 * @param   cMaxObjects         The maximum cache size.  Pass UINT32_MAX if unsure.
 * @param   pfnCtor             Object constructor callback.  Optional.
 * @param   pfnDtor             Object destructor callback.  Optional.
 * @param   pvUser              User argument for the two callbacks.
 * @param   fFlags              Flags reserved for future use.  Must be zero.
 */
RTDECL(int)     RTMemCacheCreate(PRTMEMCACHE phMemCache, size_t cbObject, size_t cbAlignment, uint32_t cMaxObjects,
                                 PFNMEMCACHECTOR pfnCtor, PFNMEMCACHEDTOR pfnDtor, void *pvUser, uint32_t fFlags);

/**
 * Destroy a cache destroying and freeing allocated memory.
 *
 * @returns IPRT status code.
 * @param   hMemCache       The cache handle.  NIL is quietly (VINF_SUCCESS)
 *                          ignored.
 */
RTDECL(int)     RTMemCacheDestroy(RTMEMCACHE hMemCache);

/**
 * Allocate an object.
 *
 * @returns Pointer to the allocated cache object.
 * @param   hMemCache           The cache handle.
 */
RTDECL(void *)  RTMemCacheAlloc(RTMEMCACHE hMemCache);

/**
 * Allocate an object and return a proper status code.
 *
 * @returns IPRT status code.
 * @retval  VERR_MEM_CACHE_MAX_SIZE if we've reached maximum size (see
 *          RTMemCacheCreate).
 * @retval  VERR_NO_MEMORY if we failed to allocate more memory for the cache.
 *
 * @param   hMemCache           The cache handle.
 * @param   ppvObj              Where to return the object.
 */
RTDECL(int)     RTMemCacheAllocEx(RTMEMCACHE hMemCache, void **ppvObj);

/**
 * Free an object previously returned by RTMemCacheAlloc or RTMemCacheAllocEx.
 *
 * @param   hMemCache           The cache handle.
 * @param   pvObj               The object to free.  NULL is fine.
 */
RTDECL(void)    RTMemCacheFree(RTMEMCACHE hMemCache, void *pvObj);

/** @} */

RT_C_DECLS_END

#endif


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