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prtime.h

/* -*- Mode: C++; tab-width: 4; indent-tabs-mode: nil; c-basic-offset: 2 -*- */
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 * The Original Code is the Netscape Portable Runtime (NSPR).
 *
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/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * prtime.h --
 *
 *     NSPR date and time functions
 *
 *-----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

#ifndef prtime_h___
#define prtime_h___

#include "prlong.h"

PR_BEGIN_EXTERN_C

/**********************************************************************/
/************************* TYPES AND CONSTANTS ************************/
/**********************************************************************/

#define PR_MSEC_PER_SEC       1000UL
#define PR_USEC_PER_SEC       1000000UL
#define PR_NSEC_PER_SEC       1000000000UL
#define PR_USEC_PER_MSEC      1000UL
#define PR_NSEC_PER_MSEC      1000000UL

/*
 * PRTime --
 *
 *     NSPR represents basic time as 64-bit signed integers relative
 *     to midnight (00:00:00), January 1, 1970 Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).
 *     (GMT is also known as Coordinated Universal Time, UTC.)
 *     The units of time are in microseconds. Negative times are allowed
 *     to represent times prior to the January 1970 epoch. Such values are
 *     intended to be exported to other systems or converted to human
 *     readable form.
 *
 *     Notes on porting: PRTime corresponds to time_t in ANSI C.  NSPR 1.0
 *     simply uses PRInt64.
 */

typedef PRInt64 PRTime;

/*
 * Time zone and daylight saving time corrections applied to GMT to
 * obtain the local time of some geographic location
 */

typedef struct PRTimeParameters {
    PRInt32 tp_gmt_offset;     /* the offset from GMT in seconds */
    PRInt32 tp_dst_offset;     /* contribution of DST in seconds */
} PRTimeParameters;

/*
 * PRExplodedTime --
 *
 *     Time broken down into human-readable components such as year, month,
 *     day, hour, minute, second, and microsecond.  Time zone and daylight
 *     saving time corrections may be applied.  If they are applied, the
 *     offsets from the GMT must be saved in the 'tm_params' field so that
 *     all the information is available to reconstruct GMT.
 *
 *     Notes on porting: PRExplodedTime corrresponds to struct tm in
 *     ANSI C, with the following differences:
 *       - an additional field tm_usec;
 *       - replacing tm_isdst by tm_params;
 *       - the month field is spelled tm_month, not tm_mon;
 *       - we use absolute year, AD, not the year since 1900.
 *     The corresponding type in NSPR 1.0 is called PRTime.  Below is
 *     a table of date/time type correspondence in the three APIs:
 *         API          time since epoch          time in components
 *       ANSI C             time_t                  struct tm
 *       NSPR 1.0           PRInt64                   PRTime
 *       NSPR 2.0           PRTime                  PRExplodedTime
 */

typedef struct PRExplodedTime {
    PRInt32 tm_usec;              /* microseconds past tm_sec (0-99999)  */
    PRInt32 tm_sec;             /* seconds past tm_min (0-61, accomodating
                                   up to two leap seconds) */     
    PRInt32 tm_min;             /* minutes past tm_hour (0-59) */
    PRInt32 tm_hour;            /* hours past tm_day (0-23) */
    PRInt32 tm_mday;            /* days past tm_mon (1-31, note that it
                                        starts from 1) */
    PRInt32 tm_month;           /* months past tm_year (0-11, Jan = 0) */
    PRInt16 tm_year;            /* absolute year, AD (note that we do not
                                        count from 1900) */

    PRInt8 tm_wday;                   /* calculated day of the week
                                        (0-6, Sun = 0) */
    PRInt16 tm_yday;            /* calculated day of the year 
                                        (0-365, Jan 1 = 0) */

    PRTimeParameters tm_params;  /* time parameters used by conversion */
} PRExplodedTime;

/*
 * PRTimeParamFn --
 *
 *     A function of PRTimeParamFn type returns the time zone and
 *     daylight saving time corrections for some geographic location,
 *     given the current time in GMT.  The input argument gmt should
 *     point to a PRExplodedTime that is in GMT, i.e., whose
 *     tm_params contains all 0's.
 *
 *     For any time zone other than GMT, the computation is intended to
 *     consist of two steps:
 *       - Figure out the time zone correction, tp_gmt_offset.  This number
 *         usually depends on the geographic location only.  But it may
 *         also depend on the current time.  For example, all of China
 *         is one time zone right now.  But this situation may change
 *         in the future.
 *       - Figure out the daylight saving time correction, tp_dst_offset.
 *         This number depends on both the geographic location and the
 *         current time.  Most of the DST rules are expressed in local
 *         current time.  If so, one should apply the time zone correction
 *         to GMT before applying the DST rules.
 */

typedef PRTimeParameters (PR_CALLBACK *PRTimeParamFn)(const PRExplodedTime *gmt);

/**********************************************************************/
/****************************** FUNCTIONS *****************************/
/**********************************************************************/

/*
 * The PR_Now routine returns the current time relative to the
 * epoch, midnight, January 1, 1970 UTC. The units of the returned
 * value are microseconds since the epoch.
 *
 * The values returned are not guaranteed to advance in a linear fashion
 * due to the application of time correction protocols which synchronize
 * computer clocks to some external time source. Consequently it should
 * not be depended on for interval timing.
 *
 * The implementation is machine dependent.
 * Cf. time_t time(time_t *tp) in ANSI C.
 */
#if defined(HAVE_WATCOM_BUG_2)
PRTime __pascal __export __loadds
#else
NSPR_API(PRTime) 
#endif
PR_Now(void);

/*
 * Expand time binding it to time parameters provided by PRTimeParamFn.
 * The calculation is envisoned to proceed in the following steps:
 *   - From given PRTime, calculate PRExplodedTime in GMT
 *   - Apply the given PRTimeParamFn to the GMT that we just calculated
 *     to obtain PRTimeParameters.
 *   - Add the PRTimeParameters offsets to GMT to get the local time
 *     as PRExplodedTime.
 */

NSPR_API(void) PR_ExplodeTime(
    PRTime usecs, PRTimeParamFn params, PRExplodedTime *exploded);

/* Reverse operation of PR_ExplodeTime */
#if defined(HAVE_WATCOM_BUG_2)
PRTime __pascal __export __loadds
#else
NSPR_API(PRTime) 
#endif
PR_ImplodeTime(const PRExplodedTime *exploded);

/*
 * Adjust exploded time to normalize field overflows after manipulation.
 * Note that the following fields of PRExplodedTime should not be
 * manipulated:
 *   - tm_month and tm_year: because the number of days in a month and
 *     number of days in a year are not constant, it is ambiguous to
 *     manipulate the month and year fields, although one may be tempted
 *     to.  For example, what does "a month from January 31st" mean?
 *   - tm_wday and tm_yday: these fields are calculated by NSPR.  Users
 *     should treat them as "read-only".
 */

NSPR_API(void) PR_NormalizeTime(
    PRExplodedTime *exploded, PRTimeParamFn params);

/**********************************************************************/
/*********************** TIME PARAMETER FUNCTIONS *********************/
/**********************************************************************/

/* Time parameters that suit current host machine */
NSPR_API(PRTimeParameters) PR_LocalTimeParameters(const PRExplodedTime *gmt);

/* Time parameters that represent Greenwich Mean Time */
NSPR_API(PRTimeParameters) PR_GMTParameters(const PRExplodedTime *gmt);

/*
 * Time parameters that represent the US Pacific Time Zone, with the
 * current daylight saving time rules (for testing only)
 */
NSPR_API(PRTimeParameters) PR_USPacificTimeParameters(const PRExplodedTime *gmt);

/*
 * This parses a time/date string into a PRTime
 * (microseconds after "1-Jan-1970 00:00:00 GMT").
 * It returns PR_SUCCESS on success, and PR_FAILURE
 * if the time/date string can't be parsed.
 *
 * Many formats are handled, including:
 *
 *   14 Apr 89 03:20:12
 *   14 Apr 89 03:20 GMT
 *   Fri, 17 Mar 89 4:01:33
 *   Fri, 17 Mar 89 4:01 GMT
 *   Mon Jan 16 16:12 PDT 1989
 *   Mon Jan 16 16:12 +0130 1989
 *   6 May 1992 16:41-JST (Wednesday)
 *   22-AUG-1993 10:59:12.82
 *   22-AUG-1993 10:59pm
 *   22-AUG-1993 12:59am
 *   22-AUG-1993 12:59 PM
 *   Friday, August 04, 1995 3:54 PM
 *   06/21/95 04:24:34 PM
 *   20/06/95 21:07
 *   95-06-08 19:32:48 EDT
 *
 * If the input string doesn't contain a description of the timezone,
 * we consult the `default_to_gmt' to decide whether the string should
 * be interpreted relative to the local time zone (PR_FALSE) or GMT (PR_TRUE).
 * The correct value for this argument depends on what standard specified
 * the time string which you are parsing.
 */

NSPR_API(PRStatus) PR_ParseTimeString (
      const char *string,
      PRBool default_to_gmt,
      PRTime *result);

/*
 * FIXME: should we also have a formatting function, such as asctime, ctime,
 * and strftime in standard C library?  But this would involve
 * internationalization issues.  Might want to provide a US English version.
 */

/**********************************************************************/
/*********************** OLD COMPATIBILITYFUNCTIONS *******************/
/**********************************************************************/
#ifndef NO_NSPR_10_SUPPORT

/* Format a time value into a buffer. Same semantics as strftime() */
NSPR_API(PRUint32) PR_FormatTime(char *buf, int buflen, const char *fmt, 
                                           const PRExplodedTime *tm);

/* Format a time value into a buffer. Time is always in US English format, regardless
 * of locale setting.
 */
NSPR_API(PRUint32)
PR_FormatTimeUSEnglish( char* buf, PRUint32 bufSize,
                        const char* format, const PRExplodedTime* tm );

#endif /* NO_NSPR_10_SUPPORT */

PR_END_EXTERN_C

#endif /* prtime_h___ */

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