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mm.h

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/** @file
 * MM - The Memory Manager.
 */

/*
 * Copyright (C) 2006-2007 Sun Microsystems, Inc.
 *
 * This file is part of VirtualBox Open Source Edition (OSE), as
 * available from http://www.virtualbox.org. This file is free software;
 * you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU
 * General Public License (GPL) as published by the Free Software
 * Foundation, in version 2 as it comes in the "COPYING" file of the
 * VirtualBox OSE distribution. VirtualBox OSE is distributed in the
 * hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY of any kind.
 *
 * The contents of this file may alternatively be used under the terms
 * of the Common Development and Distribution License Version 1.0
 * (CDDL) only, as it comes in the "COPYING.CDDL" file of the
 * VirtualBox OSE distribution, in which case the provisions of the
 * CDDL are applicable instead of those of the GPL.
 *
 * You may elect to license modified versions of this file under the
 * terms and conditions of either the GPL or the CDDL or both.
 *
 * Please contact Sun Microsystems, Inc., 4150 Network Circle, Santa
 * Clara, CA 95054 USA or visit http://www.sun.com if you need
 * additional information or have any questions.
 */

#ifndef ___VBox_mm_h
#define ___VBox_mm_h

#include <VBox/cdefs.h>
#include <VBox/types.h>
#include <VBox/x86.h>
#include <VBox/sup.h>


__BEGIN_DECLS

/** @defgroup grp_mm       The Memory Manager API
 * @{
 */

/** @name RAM Page Flags
 * Since internal ranges have a byte granularity it's possible for a
 * page be flagged for several uses. The access virtualization in PGM
 * will choose the most restricted one and use EM to emulate access to
 * the less restricted areas of the page.
 *
 * Bits 0-11 only since they are fitted into the offset part of a physical memory address.
 * @{
 */
#if 1
/** Reserved - Not RAM, ROM nor MMIO2.
 * If this bit is cleared the memory is assumed to be some kind of RAM.
 * Normal MMIO may set it but that depends on whether the RAM range was
 * created specially for the MMIO or not.
 *
 * @remarks The current implementation will always reserve backing
 *          memory for reserved  ranges to simplify things.
 */
00063 #define MM_RAM_FLAGS_RESERVED           RT_BIT(0)
/** ROM - Read Only Memory.
 * The page have a HC physical address which contains the BIOS code. All write
 * access is trapped and ignored.
 *
 * HACK: Writable shadow ROM is indicated by both ROM and MMIO2 being
 *       set. (We're out of bits.)
 */
00071 #define MM_RAM_FLAGS_ROM                RT_BIT(1)
/** MMIO - Memory Mapped I/O.
 * All access is trapped and emulated. No physical backing is required, but
 * might for various reasons be present.
 */
00076 #define MM_RAM_FLAGS_MMIO               RT_BIT(2)
/** MMIO2 - Memory Mapped I/O, variation 2.
 * The virtualization is performed using real memory and only catching
 * a few accesses for like keeping track for dirty pages.
 * @remark Involved in the shadow ROM hack.
 */
00082 #define MM_RAM_FLAGS_MMIO2              RT_BIT(3)
#endif

#ifndef VBOX_WITH_NEW_PHYS_CODE
/** Physical backing memory is allocated dynamically. Not set implies a one time static allocation. */
00087 #define MM_RAM_FLAGS_DYNAMIC_ALLOC      RT_BIT(11)
#endif /* !VBOX_WITH_NEW_PHYS_CODE */

/** The shift used to get the reference count. */
00091 #define MM_RAM_FLAGS_CREFS_SHIFT        62
/** The mask applied to the the page pool idx after using MM_RAM_FLAGS_CREFS_SHIFT to shift it down. */
00093 #define MM_RAM_FLAGS_CREFS_MASK         0x3
/** The (shifted) cRef value used to indiciate that the idx is the head of a
 * physical cross reference extent list. */
00096 #define MM_RAM_FLAGS_CREFS_PHYSEXT      MM_RAM_FLAGS_CREFS_MASK
/** The shift used to get the page pool idx. (Apply MM_RAM_FLAGS_IDX_MASK to the result when shifting down). */
00098 #define MM_RAM_FLAGS_IDX_SHIFT          48
/** The mask applied to the the page pool idx after using MM_RAM_FLAGS_IDX_SHIFT to shift it down. */
00100 #define MM_RAM_FLAGS_IDX_MASK           0x3fff
/** The idx value when we're out of of extents or there are simply too many mappings of this page. */
00102 #define MM_RAM_FLAGS_IDX_OVERFLOWED     MM_RAM_FLAGS_IDX_MASK

/** Mask for masking off any references to the page. */
00105 #define MM_RAM_FLAGS_NO_REFS_MASK       UINT64_C(0x0000ffffffffffff)
/** @} */

#ifndef VBOX_WITH_NEW_PHYS_CODE
/** @name MMR3PhysRegisterEx registration type
 * @{
 */
00112 typedef enum
{
    /** Normal physical region (flags specify exact page type) */
00115     MM_PHYS_TYPE_NORMAL               = 0,
    /** Allocate part of a dynamically allocated physical region */
00117     MM_PHYS_TYPE_DYNALLOC_CHUNK,

    MM_PHYS_TYPE_32BIT_HACK = 0x7fffffff
} MMPHYSREG;
/** @} */
#endif

/**
 * Memory Allocation Tags.
 * For use with MMHyperAlloc(), MMR3HeapAlloc(), MMR3HeapAllocEx(),
 * MMR3HeapAllocZ() and MMR3HeapAllocZEx().
 *
 * @remark Don't forget to update the dump command in MMHeap.cpp!
 */
00131 typedef enum MMTAG
{
    MM_TAG_INVALID = 0,

    MM_TAG_CFGM,
    MM_TAG_CFGM_BYTES,
    MM_TAG_CFGM_STRING,
    MM_TAG_CFGM_USER,

    MM_TAG_CSAM,
    MM_TAG_CSAM_PATCH,

    MM_TAG_DBGF,
    MM_TAG_DBGF_INFO,
    MM_TAG_DBGF_LINE,
    MM_TAG_DBGF_LINE_DUP,
    MM_TAG_DBGF_MODULE,
    MM_TAG_DBGF_OS,
    MM_TAG_DBGF_STACK,
    MM_TAG_DBGF_SYMBOL,
    MM_TAG_DBGF_SYMBOL_DUP,

    MM_TAG_EM,

    MM_TAG_IOM,
    MM_TAG_IOM_STATS,

    MM_TAG_MM,
    MM_TAG_MM_LOOKUP_GUEST,
    MM_TAG_MM_LOOKUP_PHYS,
    MM_TAG_MM_LOOKUP_VIRT,
    MM_TAG_MM_PAGE,

    MM_TAG_PATM,
    MM_TAG_PATM_PATCH,

    MM_TAG_PDM,
    MM_TAG_PDM_ASYNC_COMPLETION,
    MM_TAG_PDM_DEVICE,
    MM_TAG_PDM_DEVICE_USER,
    MM_TAG_PDM_DRIVER,
    MM_TAG_PDM_DRIVER_USER,
    MM_TAG_PDM_USB,
    MM_TAG_PDM_USB_USER,
    MM_TAG_PDM_LUN,
    MM_TAG_PDM_QUEUE,
    MM_TAG_PDM_THREAD,

    MM_TAG_PGM,
    MM_TAG_PGM_CHUNK_MAPPING,
    MM_TAG_PGM_HANDLERS,
    MM_TAG_PGM_PHYS,
    MM_TAG_PGM_POOL,

    MM_TAG_REM,

    MM_TAG_SELM,

    MM_TAG_SSM,

    MM_TAG_STAM,

    MM_TAG_TM,

    MM_TAG_TRPM,

    MM_TAG_VM,
    MM_TAG_VM_REQ,

    MM_TAG_VMM,

    MM_TAG_HWACCM,

    MM_TAG_32BIT_HACK = 0x7fffffff
} MMTAG;




/** @defgroup grp_mm_hyper  Hypervisor Memory Management
 * @ingroup grp_mm
 * @{ */

MMDECL(RTR3PTR)     MMHyperR0ToR3(PVM pVM, RTR0PTR R0Ptr);
MMDECL(RTGCPTR)     MMHyperR0ToGC(PVM pVM, RTR0PTR R0Ptr);
#ifndef IN_RING0
MMDECL(void *)      MMHyperR0ToCC(PVM pVM, RTR0PTR R0Ptr);
#endif
MMDECL(RTR0PTR)     MMHyperR3ToR0(PVM pVM, RTR3PTR R3Ptr);
MMDECL(RTGCPTR)     MMHyperR3ToGC(PVM pVM, RTR3PTR R3Ptr);
MMDECL(RTR3PTR)     MMHyperGCToR3(PVM pVM, RTGCPTR GCPtr);
MMDECL(RTR0PTR)     MMHyperGCToR0(PVM pVM, RTGCPTR GCPtr);

#ifndef IN_RING3
MMDECL(void *)      MMHyperR3ToCC(PVM pVM, RTR3PTR R3Ptr);
#else
DECLINLINE(void *)  MMHyperR3ToCC(PVM pVM, RTR3PTR R3Ptr)
{
    NOREF(pVM);
    return R3Ptr;
}
#endif


#ifndef IN_GC
MMDECL(void *)      MMHyperGCToCC(PVM pVM, RTGCPTR GCPtr);
#else
DECLINLINE(void *)  MMHyperGCToCC(PVM pVM, RTGCPTR GCPtr)
{
    NOREF(pVM);
    return GCPtr;
}
#endif

#ifndef IN_RING3
MMDECL(RTR3PTR)     MMHyperCCToR3(PVM pVM, void *pv);
#else
DECLINLINE(RTR3PTR) MMHyperCCToR3(PVM pVM, void *pv)
{
    NOREF(pVM);
    return pv;
}
#endif

#ifndef IN_RING0
MMDECL(RTR0PTR)     MMHyperCCToR0(PVM pVM, void *pv);
#else
DECLINLINE(RTR0PTR) MMHyperCCToR0(PVM pVM, void *pv)
{
    NOREF(pVM);
    return pv;
}
#endif

#ifndef IN_GC
MMDECL(RTGCPTR)     MMHyperCCToGC(PVM pVM, void *pv);
#else
DECLINLINE(RTGCPTR) MMHyperCCToGC(PVM pVM, void *pv)
{
    NOREF(pVM);
    return pv;
}
#endif


#ifdef IN_GC
MMDECL(RTHCPTR)     MMHyper2HC(PVM pVM, uintptr_t Ptr);
#else
DECLINLINE(RTHCPTR) MMHyper2HC(PVM pVM, uintptr_t Ptr)
{
    NOREF(pVM);
    return (RTHCPTR)Ptr;
}
#endif

#ifndef IN_GC
MMDECL(RTGCPTR)     MMHyper2GC(PVM pVM, uintptr_t Ptr);
#else
DECLINLINE(RTGCPTR) MMHyper2GC(PVM pVM, uintptr_t Ptr)
{
    NOREF(pVM);
    return (RTGCPTR)Ptr;
}
#endif

MMDECL(RTGCPTR)     MMHyperHC2GC(PVM pVM, RTHCPTR HCPtr);
MMDECL(RTHCPTR)     MMHyperGC2HC(PVM pVM, RTGCPTR GCPtr);
MMDECL(int)         MMHyperAlloc(PVM pVM, size_t cb, uint32_t uAlignment, MMTAG enmTag, void **ppv);
MMDECL(int)         MMHyperFree(PVM pVM, void *pv);
MMDECL(void)        MMHyperHeapCheck(PVM pVM);
#ifdef DEBUG
MMDECL(void)        MMHyperHeapDump(PVM pVM);
#endif
MMDECL(size_t)      MMHyperHeapGetFreeSize(PVM pVM);
MMDECL(size_t)      MMHyperHeapGetSize(PVM pVM);
MMDECL(RTGCPTR)     MMHyperGetArea(PVM pVM, size_t *pcb);
MMDECL(bool)        MMHyperIsInsideArea(PVM pVM, RTGCPTR GCPtr);


MMDECL(RTHCPHYS)    MMPage2Phys(PVM pVM, void *pvPage);
MMDECL(void *)      MMPagePhys2Page(PVM pVM, RTHCPHYS HCPhysPage);
MMDECL(int)         MMPagePhys2PageEx(PVM pVM, RTHCPHYS HCPhysPage, void **ppvPage);
MMDECL(int)         MMPagePhys2PageTry(PVM pVM, RTHCPHYS HCPhysPage, void **ppvPage);
MMDECL(void *)      MMPhysGCPhys2HCVirt(PVM pVM, RTGCPHYS GCPhys, RTUINT cbRange);


/** @def MMHYPER_GC_ASSERT_GCPTR
 * Asserts that an address is either NULL or inside the hypervisor memory area.
 * This assertion only works while IN_GC, it's a NOP everywhere else.
 * @thread  The Emulation Thread.
 */
#ifdef IN_GC
# define MMHYPER_GC_ASSERT_GCPTR(pVM, GCPtr)   Assert(MMHyperIsInsideArea((pVM), (GCPtr)) || !(GCPtr))
#else
00325 # define MMHYPER_GC_ASSERT_GCPTR(pVM, GCPtr)   do { } while (0)
#endif

/** @} */


#ifdef IN_RING3
/** @defgroup grp_mm_r3    The MM Host Context Ring-3 API
 * @ingroup grp_mm
 * @{
 */

MMR3DECL(int)       MMR3InitUVM(PUVM pUVM);
MMR3DECL(int)       MMR3Init(PVM pVM);
MMR3DECL(int)       MMR3InitPaging(PVM pVM);
MMR3DECL(int)       MMR3HyperInitFinalize(PVM pVM);
MMR3DECL(int)       MMR3Term(PVM pVM);
MMR3DECL(void)      MMR3TermUVM(PUVM pUVM);
MMR3DECL(void)      MMR3Reset(PVM pVM);
MMR3DECL(int)       MMR3IncreaseBaseReservation(PVM pVM, uint64_t cAddBasePages);
MMR3DECL(int)       MMR3AdjustFixedReservation(PVM pVM, int32_t cDeltaFixedPages, const char *pszDesc);
MMR3DECL(int)       MMR3UpdateShadowReservation(PVM pVM, uint32_t cShadowPages);

MMR3DECL(int)       MMR3HCPhys2HCVirt(PVM pVM, RTHCPHYS HCPhys, void **ppv);
MMR3DECL(int)       MMR3ReadGCVirt(PVM pVM, void *pvDst, RTGCPTR GCPtr, size_t cb);
MMR3DECL(int)       MMR3WriteGCVirt(PVM pVM, RTGCPTR GCPtrDst, const void *pvSrc, size_t cb);


/** @defgroup grp_mm_r3_hyper  Hypervisor Memory Manager (HC R3 Portion)
 * @ingroup grp_mm_r3
 * @{ */
MMDECL(int)         MMR3HyperAllocOnceNoRel(PVM pVM, size_t cb, uint32_t uAlignment, MMTAG enmTag, void **ppv);
MMR3DECL(int)       MMR3HyperMapHCPhys(PVM pVM, void *pvHC, RTHCPHYS HCPhys, size_t cb, const char *pszDesc, PRTGCPTR pGCPtr);
MMR3DECL(int)       MMR3HyperMapGCPhys(PVM pVM, RTGCPHYS GCPhys, size_t cb, const char *pszDesc, PRTGCPTR pGCPtr);
MMR3DECL(int)       MMR3HyperMapMMIO2(PVM pVM, PPDMDEVINS pDevIns, uint32_t iRegion, RTGCPHYS off, RTGCPHYS cb, const char *pszDesc, PRTGCPTR pGCPtr);
MMR3DECL(int)       MMR3HyperMapHCRam(PVM pVM, void *pvHC, size_t cb, bool fFree, const char *pszDesc, PRTGCPTR pGCPtr);
MMR3DECL(int)       MMR3HyperMapPages(PVM pVM, void *pvR3, RTR0PTR pvR0, size_t cPages, PCSUPPAGE paPages, const char *pszDesc, PRTGCPTR pGCPtr);
MMR3DECL(int)       MMR3HyperReserve(PVM pVM, unsigned cb, const char *pszDesc, PRTGCPTR pGCPtr);
MMR3DECL(RTHCPHYS)  MMR3HyperHCVirt2HCPhys(PVM pVM, void *pvHC);
MMR3DECL(int)       MMR3HyperHCVirt2HCPhysEx(PVM pVM, void *pvHC, PRTHCPHYS pHCPhys);
MMR3DECL(void *)    MMR3HyperHCPhys2HCVirt(PVM pVM, RTHCPHYS HCPhys);
MMR3DECL(int)       MMR3HyperHCPhys2HCVirtEx(PVM pVM, RTHCPHYS HCPhys, void **ppv);
MMR3DECL(int)       MMR3HyperReadGCVirt(PVM pVM, void *pvDst, RTGCPTR GCPtr, size_t cb);
/** @} */


/** @defgroup grp_mm_phys   Guest Physical Memory Manager
 * @ingroup grp_mm_r3
 * @{ */
MMR3DECL(int)       MMR3PhysRegister(PVM pVM, void *pvRam, RTGCPHYS GCPhys, unsigned cb, unsigned fFlags, const char *pszDesc);
#ifndef VBOX_WITH_NEW_PHYS_CODE
MMR3DECL(int)       MMR3PhysRegisterEx(PVM pVM, void *pvRam, RTGCPHYS GCPhys, unsigned cb, unsigned fFlags, MMPHYSREG enmType, const char *pszDesc);
#endif
MMR3DECL(int)       MMR3PhysRomRegister(PVM pVM, PPDMDEVINS pDevIns, RTGCPHYS GCPhys, RTUINT cbRange, const void *pvBinary, bool fShadow, const char *pszDesc);
MMR3DECL(int)       MMR3PhysRomProtect(PVM pVM, RTGCPHYS GCPhys, RTUINT cbRange);
MMR3DECL(int)       MMR3PhysReserve(PVM pVM, RTGCPHYS GCPhys, RTUINT cbRange, const char *pszDesc);
MMR3DECL(uint64_t)  MMR3PhysGetRamSize(PVM pVM);
/** @} */


/** @defgroup grp_mm_page   Physical Page Pool
 * @ingroup grp_mm_r3
 * @{ */
MMR3DECL(void *)    MMR3PageAlloc(PVM pVM);
MMR3DECL(RTHCPHYS)  MMR3PageAllocPhys(PVM pVM);
MMR3DECL(void)      MMR3PageFree(PVM pVM, void *pvPage);
MMR3DECL(void *)    MMR3PageAllocLow(PVM pVM);
MMR3DECL(void)      MMR3PageFreeLow(PVM pVM, void *pvPage);
MMR3DECL(void)      MMR3PageFreeByPhys(PVM pVM, RTHCPHYS HCPhysPage);
MMR3DECL(void *)    MMR3PageDummyHCPtr(PVM pVM);
MMR3DECL(RTHCPHYS)  MMR3PageDummyHCPhys(PVM pVM);
/** @} */


/** @defgroup grp_mm_heap   Heap Manager
 * @ingroup grp_mm_r3
 * @{ */
MMR3DECL(void *)    MMR3HeapAlloc(PVM pVM, MMTAG enmTag, size_t cbSize);
MMR3DECL(void *)    MMR3HeapAllocU(PUVM pUVM, MMTAG enmTag, size_t cbSize);
MMR3DECL(int)       MMR3HeapAllocEx(PVM pVM, MMTAG enmTag, size_t cbSize, void **ppv);
MMR3DECL(int)       MMR3HeapAllocExU(PUVM pUVM, MMTAG enmTag, size_t cbSize, void **ppv);
MMR3DECL(void *)    MMR3HeapAllocZ(PVM pVM, MMTAG enmTag, size_t cbSize);
MMR3DECL(void *)    MMR3HeapAllocZU(PUVM pUVM, MMTAG enmTag, size_t cbSize);
MMR3DECL(int)       MMR3HeapAllocZEx(PVM pVM, MMTAG enmTag, size_t cbSize, void **ppv);
MMR3DECL(int)       MMR3HeapAllocZExU(PUVM pUVM, MMTAG enmTag, size_t cbSize, void **ppv);
MMR3DECL(void *)    MMR3HeapRealloc(void *pv, size_t cbNewSize);
MMR3DECL(char *)    MMR3HeapStrDup(PVM pVM, MMTAG enmTag, const char *psz);
MMR3DECL(char *)    MMR3HeapStrDupU(PUVM pUVM, MMTAG enmTag, const char *psz);
MMR3DECL(void)      MMR3HeapFree(void *pv);
/** @} */

/** @} */
#endif /* IN_RING3 */



#ifdef IN_GC
/** @defgroup grp_mm_gc    The MM Guest Context API
 * @ingroup grp_mm
 * @{
 */

MMGCDECL(void)      MMGCRamRegisterTrapHandler(PVM pVM);
MMGCDECL(void)      MMGCRamDeregisterTrapHandler(PVM pVM);
MMGCDECL(int)       MMGCRamReadNoTrapHandler(void *pDst, void *pSrc, size_t cb);
MMGCDECL(int)       MMGCRamWriteNoTrapHandler(void *pDst, void *pSrc, size_t cb);
MMGCDECL(int)       MMGCRamRead(PVM pVM, void *pDst, void *pSrc, size_t cb);
MMGCDECL(int)       MMGCRamWrite(PVM pVM, void *pDst, void *pSrc, size_t cb);

/** @} */
#endif /* IN_GC */

/** @} */
__END_DECLS


#endif


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