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ptsynch.c

/* -*- Mode: C++; tab-width: 4; indent-tabs-mode: nil; c-basic-offset: 2 -*- */
/* ***** BEGIN LICENSE BLOCK *****
 * Version: MPL 1.1/GPL 2.0/LGPL 2.1
 *
 * The contents of this file are subject to the Mozilla Public License Version
 * 1.1 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
 * the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
 * http://www.mozilla.org/MPL/
 *
 * Software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" basis,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License
 * for the specific language governing rights and limitations under the
 * License.
 *
 * The Original Code is the Netscape Portable Runtime (NSPR).
 *
 * The Initial Developer of the Original Code is
 * Netscape Communications Corporation.
 * Portions created by the Initial Developer are Copyright (C) 1998-2000
 * the Initial Developer. All Rights Reserved.
 *
 * Contributor(s):
 *
 * Alternatively, the contents of this file may be used under the terms of
 * either the GNU General Public License Version 2 or later (the "GPL"), or
 * the GNU Lesser General Public License Version 2.1 or later (the "LGPL"),
 * in which case the provisions of the GPL or the LGPL are applicable instead
 * of those above. If you wish to allow use of your version of this file only
 * under the terms of either the GPL or the LGPL, and not to allow others to
 * use your version of this file under the terms of the MPL, indicate your
 * decision by deleting the provisions above and replace them with the notice
 * and other provisions required by the GPL or the LGPL. If you do not delete
 * the provisions above, a recipient may use your version of this file under
 * the terms of any one of the MPL, the GPL or the LGPL.
 *
 * ***** END LICENSE BLOCK ***** */

/*
** File:            ptsynch.c
** Descritpion:        Implemenation for thread synchronization using pthreads
** Exports:            prlock.h, prcvar.h, prmon.h, prcmon.h
*/

#if defined(_PR_PTHREADS)

#include "primpl.h"
#include "obsolete/prsem.h"

#include <string.h>
#include <pthread.h>
#include <sys/time.h>

static pthread_mutexattr_t _pt_mattr;
static pthread_condattr_t _pt_cvar_attr;

#if defined(DEBUG)
extern PTDebug pt_debug;  /* this is shared between several modules */

#if defined(_PR_DCETHREADS)
static pthread_t pt_zero_tid;  /* a null pthread_t (pthread_t is a struct
                                * in DCE threads) to compare with */
#endif  /* defined(_PR_DCETHREADS) */
#endif  /* defined(DEBUG) */

/**************************************************************/
/**************************************************************/
/*****************************LOCKS****************************/
/**************************************************************/
/**************************************************************/

void _PR_InitLocks(void)
{
    int rv;
    rv = _PT_PTHREAD_MUTEXATTR_INIT(&_pt_mattr); 
    PR_ASSERT(0 == rv);

#ifdef LINUX
#if (__GLIBC__ > 2) || (__GLIBC__ == 2 && __GLIBC_MINOR__ >= 2)
    rv = pthread_mutexattr_settype(&_pt_mattr, PTHREAD_MUTEX_ADAPTIVE_NP);
    PR_ASSERT(0 == rv);
#endif
#endif

    rv = _PT_PTHREAD_CONDATTR_INIT(&_pt_cvar_attr);
    PR_ASSERT(0 == rv);
}

static void pt_PostNotifies(PRLock *lock, PRBool unlock)
{
    PRIntn index, rv;
    _PT_Notified post;
    _PT_Notified *notified, *prev = NULL;
    /*
     * Time to actually notify any conditions that were affected
     * while the lock was held. Get a copy of the list that's in
     * the lock structure and then zero the original. If it's
     * linked to other such structures, we own that storage.
     */
    post = lock->notified;  /* a safe copy; we own the lock */

#if defined(DEBUG)
    memset(&lock->notified, 0, sizeof(_PT_Notified));  /* reset */
#else
    lock->notified.length = 0;  /* these are really sufficient */
    lock->notified.link = NULL;
#endif

    /* should (may) we release lock before notifying? */
    if (unlock)
    {
        rv = pthread_mutex_unlock(&lock->mutex);
        PR_ASSERT(0 == rv);
    }

    notified = &post;  /* this is where we start */
    do
    {
        for (index = 0; index < notified->length; ++index)
        {
            PRCondVar *cv = notified->cv[index].cv;
            PR_ASSERT(NULL != cv);
            PR_ASSERT(0 != notified->cv[index].times);
            if (-1 == notified->cv[index].times)
            {
                rv = pthread_cond_broadcast(&cv->cv);
                PR_ASSERT(0 == rv);
            }
            else
            {
                while (notified->cv[index].times-- > 0)
                {
                    rv = pthread_cond_signal(&cv->cv);
                    PR_ASSERT(0 == rv);
                }
            }
#if defined(DEBUG)
            pt_debug.cvars_notified += 1;
            if (0 > PR_AtomicDecrement(&cv->notify_pending))
            {
                pt_debug.delayed_cv_deletes += 1;
                PR_DestroyCondVar(cv);
            }
#else  /* defined(DEBUG) */
            if (0 > PR_AtomicDecrement(&cv->notify_pending))
                PR_DestroyCondVar(cv);
#endif  /* defined(DEBUG) */
        }
        prev = notified;
        notified = notified->link;
        if (&post != prev) PR_DELETE(prev);
    } while (NULL != notified);
}  /* pt_PostNotifies */

PR_IMPLEMENT(PRLock*) PR_NewLock(void)
{
    PRIntn rv;
    PRLock *lock;

    if (!_pr_initialized) _PR_ImplicitInitialization();

    lock = PR_NEWZAP(PRLock);
    if (lock != NULL)
    {
        rv = _PT_PTHREAD_MUTEX_INIT(lock->mutex, _pt_mattr); 
        PR_ASSERT(0 == rv);
    }
#if defined(DEBUG)
    pt_debug.locks_created += 1;
#endif
    return lock;
}  /* PR_NewLock */

PR_IMPLEMENT(void) PR_DestroyLock(PRLock *lock)
{
    PRIntn rv;
    PR_ASSERT(NULL != lock);
    PR_ASSERT(PR_FALSE == lock->locked);
    PR_ASSERT(0 == lock->notified.length);
    PR_ASSERT(NULL == lock->notified.link);
    rv = pthread_mutex_destroy(&lock->mutex);
    PR_ASSERT(0 == rv);
#if defined(DEBUG)
    memset(lock, 0xaf, sizeof(PRLock));
    pt_debug.locks_destroyed += 1;
#endif
    PR_DELETE(lock);
}  /* PR_DestroyLock */

PR_IMPLEMENT(void) PR_Lock(PRLock *lock)
{
    PRIntn rv;
    PR_ASSERT(lock != NULL);
    rv = pthread_mutex_lock(&lock->mutex);
    PR_ASSERT(0 == rv);
    PR_ASSERT(0 == lock->notified.length);
    PR_ASSERT(NULL == lock->notified.link);
    PR_ASSERT(PR_FALSE == lock->locked);
    lock->locked = PR_TRUE;
    lock->owner = pthread_self();
#if defined(DEBUG)
    pt_debug.locks_acquired += 1;
#endif
}  /* PR_Lock */

PR_IMPLEMENT(PRStatus) PR_Unlock(PRLock *lock)
{
    PRIntn rv;

    PR_ASSERT(lock != NULL);
    PR_ASSERT(_PT_PTHREAD_MUTEX_IS_LOCKED(lock->mutex));
    PR_ASSERT(PR_TRUE == lock->locked);
    PR_ASSERT(pthread_equal(lock->owner, pthread_self()));

    if (!lock->locked || !pthread_equal(lock->owner, pthread_self()))
        return PR_FAILURE;

    lock->locked = PR_FALSE;
    if (0 == lock->notified.length)  /* shortcut */
    {
        rv = pthread_mutex_unlock(&lock->mutex);
        PR_ASSERT(0 == rv);
    }
    else pt_PostNotifies(lock, PR_TRUE);

#if defined(DEBUG)
    pt_debug.locks_released += 1;
#endif
    return PR_SUCCESS;
}  /* PR_Unlock */


/**************************************************************/
/**************************************************************/
/***************************CONDITIONS*************************/
/**************************************************************/
/**************************************************************/


/*
 * This code is used to compute the absolute time for the wakeup.
 * It's moderately ugly, so it's defined here and called in a
 * couple of places.
 */
#define PT_NANOPERMICRO 1000UL
#define PT_BILLION 1000000000UL

static PRIntn pt_TimedWait(
    pthread_cond_t *cv, pthread_mutex_t *ml, PRIntervalTime timeout)
{
    int rv;
    struct timeval now;
    struct timespec tmo;
    PRUint32 ticks = PR_TicksPerSecond();

    tmo.tv_sec = (PRInt32)(timeout / ticks);
    tmo.tv_nsec = (PRInt32)(timeout - (tmo.tv_sec * ticks));
    tmo.tv_nsec = (PRInt32)PR_IntervalToMicroseconds(PT_NANOPERMICRO * tmo.tv_nsec);

    /* pthreads wants this in absolute time, off we go ... */
    (void)GETTIMEOFDAY(&now);
    /* that one's usecs, this one's nsecs - grrrr! */
    tmo.tv_sec += now.tv_sec;
    tmo.tv_nsec += (PT_NANOPERMICRO * now.tv_usec);
    tmo.tv_sec += tmo.tv_nsec / PT_BILLION;
    tmo.tv_nsec %= PT_BILLION;

    rv = pthread_cond_timedwait(cv, ml, &tmo);

    /* NSPR doesn't report timeouts */
#ifdef _PR_DCETHREADS
    if (rv == -1) return (errno == EAGAIN) ? 0 : errno;
    else return rv;
#else
    return (rv == ETIMEDOUT) ? 0 : rv;
#endif
}  /* pt_TimedWait */


/*
 * Notifies just get posted to the protecting mutex. The
 * actual notification is done when the lock is released so that
 * MP systems don't contend for a lock that they can't have.
 */
static void pt_PostNotifyToCvar(PRCondVar *cvar, PRBool broadcast)
{
    PRIntn index = 0;
    _PT_Notified *notified = &cvar->lock->notified;

    PR_ASSERT(PR_TRUE == cvar->lock->locked);
    PR_ASSERT(pthread_equal(cvar->lock->owner, pthread_self()));
    PR_ASSERT(_PT_PTHREAD_MUTEX_IS_LOCKED(cvar->lock->mutex));

    while (1)
    {
        for (index = 0; index < notified->length; ++index)
        {
            if (notified->cv[index].cv == cvar)
            {
                if (broadcast)
                    notified->cv[index].times = -1;
                else if (-1 != notified->cv[index].times)
                    notified->cv[index].times += 1;
                goto finished;  /* we're finished */
            }
        }
        /* if not full, enter new CV in this array */
        if (notified->length < PT_CV_NOTIFIED_LENGTH) break;

        /* if there's no link, create an empty array and link it */
        if (NULL == notified->link)
            notified->link = PR_NEWZAP(_PT_Notified);
        notified = notified->link;
    }

    /* A brand new entry in the array */
    (void)PR_AtomicIncrement(&cvar->notify_pending);
    notified->cv[index].times = (broadcast) ? -1 : 1;
    notified->cv[index].cv = cvar;
    notified->length += 1;

finished:
    PR_ASSERT(PR_TRUE == cvar->lock->locked);
    PR_ASSERT(pthread_equal(cvar->lock->owner, pthread_self()));
}  /* pt_PostNotifyToCvar */

PR_IMPLEMENT(PRCondVar*) PR_NewCondVar(PRLock *lock)
{
    PRCondVar *cv = PR_NEW(PRCondVar);
    PR_ASSERT(lock != NULL);
    if (cv != NULL)
    {
        int rv = _PT_PTHREAD_COND_INIT(cv->cv, _pt_cvar_attr); 
        PR_ASSERT(0 == rv);
        cv->lock = lock;
        cv->notify_pending = 0;
#if defined(DEBUG)
        pt_debug.cvars_created += 1;
#endif
    }
    return cv;
}  /* PR_NewCondVar */

PR_IMPLEMENT(void) PR_DestroyCondVar(PRCondVar *cvar)
{
    if (0 > PR_AtomicDecrement(&cvar->notify_pending))
    {
        PRIntn rv = pthread_cond_destroy(&cvar->cv); PR_ASSERT(0 == rv);
#if defined(DEBUG)
        memset(cvar, 0xaf, sizeof(PRCondVar));
        pt_debug.cvars_destroyed += 1;
#endif
        PR_DELETE(cvar);
    }
}  /* PR_DestroyCondVar */

PR_IMPLEMENT(PRStatus) PR_WaitCondVar(PRCondVar *cvar, PRIntervalTime timeout)
{
    PRIntn rv;
    PRThread *thred = PR_CurrentThread();

    PR_ASSERT(cvar != NULL);
    /* We'd better be locked */
    PR_ASSERT(_PT_PTHREAD_MUTEX_IS_LOCKED(cvar->lock->mutex));
    PR_ASSERT(PR_TRUE == cvar->lock->locked);
    /* and it better be by us */
    PR_ASSERT(pthread_equal(cvar->lock->owner, pthread_self()));

    if (_PT_THREAD_INTERRUPTED(thred)) goto aborted;

    /*
     * The thread waiting is used for PR_Interrupt
     */
    thred->waiting = cvar;  /* this is where we're waiting */

    /*
     * If we have pending notifies, post them now.
     *
     * This is not optimal. We're going to post these notifies
     * while we're holding the lock. That means on MP systems
     * that they are going to collide for the lock that we will
     * hold until we actually wait.
     */
    if (0 != cvar->lock->notified.length)
        pt_PostNotifies(cvar->lock, PR_FALSE);

    /*
     * We're surrendering the lock, so clear out the locked field.
     */
    cvar->lock->locked = PR_FALSE;

    if (timeout == PR_INTERVAL_NO_TIMEOUT)
        rv = pthread_cond_wait(&cvar->cv, &cvar->lock->mutex);
    else
        rv = pt_TimedWait(&cvar->cv, &cvar->lock->mutex, timeout);

    /* We just got the lock back - this better be empty */
    PR_ASSERT(PR_FALSE == cvar->lock->locked);
    cvar->lock->locked = PR_TRUE;
    cvar->lock->owner = pthread_self();

    PR_ASSERT(0 == cvar->lock->notified.length);
    thred->waiting = NULL;  /* and now we're not */
    if (_PT_THREAD_INTERRUPTED(thred)) goto aborted;
    if (rv != 0)
    {
        _PR_MD_MAP_DEFAULT_ERROR(rv);
        return PR_FAILURE;
    }
    return PR_SUCCESS;

aborted:
    PR_SetError(PR_PENDING_INTERRUPT_ERROR, 0);
    thred->state &= ~PT_THREAD_ABORTED;
    return PR_FAILURE;
}  /* PR_WaitCondVar */

PR_IMPLEMENT(PRStatus) PR_NotifyCondVar(PRCondVar *cvar)
{
    PR_ASSERT(cvar != NULL);   
    pt_PostNotifyToCvar(cvar, PR_FALSE);
    return PR_SUCCESS;
}  /* PR_NotifyCondVar */

PR_IMPLEMENT(PRStatus) PR_NotifyAllCondVar(PRCondVar *cvar)
{
    PR_ASSERT(cvar != NULL);
    pt_PostNotifyToCvar(cvar, PR_TRUE);
    return PR_SUCCESS;
}  /* PR_NotifyAllCondVar */

/**************************************************************/
/**************************************************************/
/***************************MONITORS***************************/
/**************************************************************/
/**************************************************************/

PR_IMPLEMENT(PRMonitor*) PR_NewMonitor(void)
{
    PRMonitor *mon;
    PRCondVar *cvar;

    if (!_pr_initialized) _PR_ImplicitInitialization();

    cvar = PR_NEWZAP(PRCondVar);
    if (NULL == cvar)
    {
        PR_SetError(PR_OUT_OF_MEMORY_ERROR, 0);
        return NULL;
    }
    mon = PR_NEWZAP(PRMonitor);
    if (mon != NULL)
    {
        int rv;
        rv = _PT_PTHREAD_MUTEX_INIT(mon->lock.mutex, _pt_mattr); 
        PR_ASSERT(0 == rv);

        _PT_PTHREAD_INVALIDATE_THR_HANDLE(mon->owner);

        mon->cvar = cvar;
        rv = _PT_PTHREAD_COND_INIT(mon->cvar->cv, _pt_cvar_attr); 
        PR_ASSERT(0 == rv);
        mon->entryCount = 0;
        mon->cvar->lock = &mon->lock;
        if (0 != rv)
        {
            PR_DELETE(mon);
            PR_DELETE(cvar);
            mon = NULL;
        }
    }
    return mon;
}  /* PR_NewMonitor */

PR_IMPLEMENT(PRMonitor*) PR_NewNamedMonitor(const char* name)
{
    PRMonitor* mon = PR_NewMonitor();
    if (mon)
        mon->name = name;
    return mon;
}

PR_IMPLEMENT(void) PR_DestroyMonitor(PRMonitor *mon)
{
    int rv;
    PR_ASSERT(mon != NULL);
    PR_DestroyCondVar(mon->cvar);
    rv = pthread_mutex_destroy(&mon->lock.mutex); PR_ASSERT(0 == rv);
#if defined(DEBUG)
        memset(mon, 0xaf, sizeof(PRMonitor));
#endif
    PR_DELETE(mon);    
}  /* PR_DestroyMonitor */


/* The GC uses this; it is quite arguably a bad interface.  I'm just 
 * duplicating it for now - XXXMB
 */
PR_IMPLEMENT(PRIntn) PR_GetMonitorEntryCount(PRMonitor *mon)
{
    pthread_t self = pthread_self();
    if (pthread_equal(mon->owner, self))
        return mon->entryCount;
    return 0;
}

PR_IMPLEMENT(void) PR_EnterMonitor(PRMonitor *mon)
{
    pthread_t self = pthread_self();

    PR_ASSERT(mon != NULL);
    /*
     * This is safe only if mon->owner (a pthread_t) can be
     * read in one instruction.  Perhaps mon->owner should be
     * a "PRThread *"?
     */
    if (!pthread_equal(mon->owner, self))
    {
        PR_Lock(&mon->lock);
        /* and now I have the lock */
        PR_ASSERT(0 == mon->entryCount);
        PR_ASSERT(_PT_PTHREAD_THR_HANDLE_IS_INVALID(mon->owner));
        _PT_PTHREAD_COPY_THR_HANDLE(self, mon->owner);
    }
    mon->entryCount += 1;
}  /* PR_EnterMonitor */

PR_IMPLEMENT(PRStatus) PR_ExitMonitor(PRMonitor *mon)
{
    pthread_t self = pthread_self();

    PR_ASSERT(mon != NULL);
    /* The lock better be that - locked */
    PR_ASSERT(_PT_PTHREAD_MUTEX_IS_LOCKED(mon->lock.mutex));
    /* we'd better be the owner */
    PR_ASSERT(pthread_equal(mon->owner, self));
    if (!pthread_equal(mon->owner, self))
        return PR_FAILURE;

    /* if it's locked and we have it, then the entries should be > 0 */
    PR_ASSERT(mon->entryCount > 0);
    mon->entryCount -= 1;  /* reduce by one */
    if (mon->entryCount == 0)
    {
        /* and if it transitioned to zero - unlock */
        _PT_PTHREAD_INVALIDATE_THR_HANDLE(mon->owner);  /* make the owner unknown */
        PR_Unlock(&mon->lock);
    }
    return PR_SUCCESS;
}  /* PR_ExitMonitor */

PR_IMPLEMENT(PRStatus) PR_Wait(PRMonitor *mon, PRIntervalTime timeout)
{
    PRStatus rv;
    PRInt16 saved_entries;
    pthread_t saved_owner;

    PR_ASSERT(mon != NULL);
    /* we'd better be locked */
    PR_ASSERT(_PT_PTHREAD_MUTEX_IS_LOCKED(mon->lock.mutex));
    /* and the entries better be positive */
    PR_ASSERT(mon->entryCount > 0);
    /* and it better be by us */
    PR_ASSERT(pthread_equal(mon->owner, pthread_self()));

    /* tuck these away 'till later */
    saved_entries = mon->entryCount; 
    mon->entryCount = 0;
    _PT_PTHREAD_COPY_THR_HANDLE(mon->owner, saved_owner);
    _PT_PTHREAD_INVALIDATE_THR_HANDLE(mon->owner);
    
    rv = PR_WaitCondVar(mon->cvar, timeout);

    /* reinstate the intresting information */
    mon->entryCount = saved_entries;
    _PT_PTHREAD_COPY_THR_HANDLE(saved_owner, mon->owner);

    return rv;
}  /* PR_Wait */

PR_IMPLEMENT(PRStatus) PR_Notify(PRMonitor *mon)
{
    PR_ASSERT(NULL != mon);
    /* we'd better be locked */
    PR_ASSERT(_PT_PTHREAD_MUTEX_IS_LOCKED(mon->lock.mutex));
    /* and the entries better be positive */
    PR_ASSERT(mon->entryCount > 0);
    /* and it better be by us */
    PR_ASSERT(pthread_equal(mon->owner, pthread_self()));

    pt_PostNotifyToCvar(mon->cvar, PR_FALSE);

    return PR_SUCCESS;
}  /* PR_Notify */

PR_IMPLEMENT(PRStatus) PR_NotifyAll(PRMonitor *mon)
{
    PR_ASSERT(mon != NULL);
    /* we'd better be locked */
    PR_ASSERT(_PT_PTHREAD_MUTEX_IS_LOCKED(mon->lock.mutex));
    /* and the entries better be positive */
    PR_ASSERT(mon->entryCount > 0);
    /* and it better be by us */
    PR_ASSERT(pthread_equal(mon->owner, pthread_self()));

    pt_PostNotifyToCvar(mon->cvar, PR_TRUE);

    return PR_SUCCESS;
}  /* PR_NotifyAll */

/**************************************************************/
/**************************************************************/
/**************************SEMAPHORES**************************/
/**************************************************************/
/**************************************************************/
PR_IMPLEMENT(void) PR_PostSem(PRSemaphore *semaphore)
{
    static PRBool unwarned = PR_TRUE;
    if (unwarned) unwarned = _PR_Obsolete(
        "PR_PostSem", "locks & condition variables");
      PR_Lock(semaphore->cvar->lock);
      PR_NotifyCondVar(semaphore->cvar);
      semaphore->count += 1;
      PR_Unlock(semaphore->cvar->lock);
}  /* PR_PostSem */

PR_IMPLEMENT(PRStatus) PR_WaitSem(PRSemaphore *semaphore)
{
      PRStatus status = PR_SUCCESS;
    static PRBool unwarned = PR_TRUE;
    if (unwarned) unwarned = _PR_Obsolete(
        "PR_WaitSem", "locks & condition variables");
      PR_Lock(semaphore->cvar->lock);
      while ((semaphore->count == 0) && (PR_SUCCESS == status))
            status = PR_WaitCondVar(semaphore->cvar, PR_INTERVAL_NO_TIMEOUT);
      if (PR_SUCCESS == status) semaphore->count -= 1;
      PR_Unlock(semaphore->cvar->lock);
      return status;
}  /* PR_WaitSem */

PR_IMPLEMENT(void) PR_DestroySem(PRSemaphore *semaphore)
{
    static PRBool unwarned = PR_TRUE;
    if (unwarned) unwarned = _PR_Obsolete(
        "PR_DestroySem", "locks & condition variables");
    PR_DestroyLock(semaphore->cvar->lock);
    PR_DestroyCondVar(semaphore->cvar);
    PR_DELETE(semaphore);
}  /* PR_DestroySem */

PR_IMPLEMENT(PRSemaphore*) PR_NewSem(PRUintn value)
{
    PRSemaphore *semaphore;
    static PRBool unwarned = PR_TRUE;
    if (!_pr_initialized) _PR_ImplicitInitialization();

    if (unwarned) unwarned = _PR_Obsolete(
        "PR_NewSem", "locks & condition variables");

    semaphore = PR_NEWZAP(PRSemaphore);
    if (NULL != semaphore)
    {
        PRLock *lock = PR_NewLock();
        if (NULL != lock)
        {
            semaphore->cvar = PR_NewCondVar(lock);
            if (NULL != semaphore->cvar)
            {
                semaphore->count = value;
                return semaphore;
            }
            PR_DestroyLock(lock);
        }
        PR_DELETE(semaphore);
    }
    return NULL;
}

/*
 * Define the interprocess named semaphore functions.
 * There are three implementations:
 * 1. POSIX semaphore based;
 * 2. System V semaphore based;
 * 3. unsupported (fails with PR_NOT_IMPLEMENTED_ERROR).
 */

#ifdef _PR_HAVE_POSIX_SEMAPHORES
#include <fcntl.h>

PR_IMPLEMENT(PRSem *) PR_OpenSemaphore(
    const char *name,
    PRIntn flags,
    PRIntn mode,
    PRUintn value)
{
    PRSem *sem;
    char osname[PR_IPC_NAME_SIZE];

    if (_PR_MakeNativeIPCName(name, osname, sizeof(osname), _PRIPCSem)
        == PR_FAILURE)
    {
        return NULL;
    }

    sem = PR_NEW(PRSem);
    if (NULL == sem)
    {
        PR_SetError(PR_OUT_OF_MEMORY_ERROR, 0);
        return NULL;
    }

    if (flags & PR_SEM_CREATE)
    {
        int oflag = O_CREAT;

        if (flags & PR_SEM_EXCL) oflag |= O_EXCL;
        sem->sem = sem_open(osname, oflag, mode, value);
    }
    else
    {
#ifdef HPUX
        /* Pass 0 as the mode and value arguments to work around a bug. */
        sem->sem = sem_open(osname, 0, 0, 0);
#else
        sem->sem = sem_open(osname, 0);
#endif
    }
    if ((sem_t *) -1 == sem->sem)
    {
        _PR_MD_MAP_DEFAULT_ERROR(errno);
        PR_DELETE(sem);
        return NULL;
    }
    return sem;
}

PR_IMPLEMENT(PRStatus) PR_WaitSemaphore(PRSem *sem)
{
    int rv;
    rv = sem_wait(sem->sem);
    if (0 != rv)
    {
        _PR_MD_MAP_DEFAULT_ERROR(errno);
        return PR_FAILURE;
    }
    return PR_SUCCESS;
}

PR_IMPLEMENT(PRStatus) PR_PostSemaphore(PRSem *sem)
{
    int rv;
    rv = sem_post(sem->sem);
    if (0 != rv)
    {
        _PR_MD_MAP_DEFAULT_ERROR(errno);
        return PR_FAILURE;
    }
    return PR_SUCCESS;
}

PR_IMPLEMENT(PRStatus) PR_CloseSemaphore(PRSem *sem)
{
    int rv;
    rv = sem_close(sem->sem);
    if (0 != rv)
    {
        _PR_MD_MAP_DEFAULT_ERROR(errno);
        return PR_FAILURE;
    }
    PR_DELETE(sem);
    return PR_SUCCESS;
}

PR_IMPLEMENT(PRStatus) PR_DeleteSemaphore(const char *name)
{
    int rv;
    char osname[PR_IPC_NAME_SIZE];

    if (_PR_MakeNativeIPCName(name, osname, sizeof(osname), _PRIPCSem)
        == PR_FAILURE)
    {
        return PR_FAILURE;
    }
    rv = sem_unlink(osname);
    if (0 != rv)
    {
        _PR_MD_MAP_DEFAULT_ERROR(errno);
        return PR_FAILURE;
    }
    return PR_SUCCESS;
}
    
#elif defined(_PR_HAVE_SYSV_SEMAPHORES)

#include <fcntl.h>
#include <sys/sem.h>

/*
 * From the semctl(2) man page in glibc 2.0
 */
#if (defined(__GNU_LIBRARY__) && !defined(_SEM_SEMUN_UNDEFINED)) \
    || defined(FREEBSD) || defined(OPENBSD) || defined(BSDI)
/* union semun is defined by including <sys/sem.h> */
#else
/* according to X/OPEN we have to define it ourselves */
union semun {
    int val;
    struct semid_ds *buf;
    unsigned short  *array;
};
#endif

/*
 * 'a' (97) is the final closing price of NSCP stock.
 */
#define NSPR_IPC_KEY_ID 'a'  /* the id argument for ftok() */

#define NSPR_SEM_MODE 0666

PR_IMPLEMENT(PRSem *) PR_OpenSemaphore(
    const char *name,
    PRIntn flags,
    PRIntn mode,
    PRUintn value)
{
    PRSem *sem;
    key_t key;
    union semun arg;
    struct sembuf sop;
    struct semid_ds seminfo;
#define MAX_TRIES 60
    PRIntn i;
    char osname[PR_IPC_NAME_SIZE];

    if (_PR_MakeNativeIPCName(name, osname, sizeof(osname), _PRIPCSem)
        == PR_FAILURE)
    {
        return NULL;
    }

    /* Make sure the file exists before calling ftok. */
    if (flags & PR_SEM_CREATE)
    {
        int osfd = open(osname, O_RDWR|O_CREAT, mode);
        if (-1 == osfd)
        {
            _PR_MD_MAP_OPEN_ERROR(errno);
            return NULL;
        }
        if (close(osfd) == -1)
        {
            _PR_MD_MAP_CLOSE_ERROR(errno);
            return NULL;
        }
    }
    key = ftok(osname, NSPR_IPC_KEY_ID);
    if ((key_t)-1 == key)
    {
        _PR_MD_MAP_DEFAULT_ERROR(errno);
        return NULL;
    }

    sem = PR_NEW(PRSem);
    if (NULL == sem)
    {
        PR_SetError(PR_OUT_OF_MEMORY_ERROR, 0);
        return NULL;
    }

    if (flags & PR_SEM_CREATE)
    {
        sem->semid = semget(key, 1, mode|IPC_CREAT|IPC_EXCL);
        if (sem->semid >= 0)
        {
            /* creator of a semaphore is responsible for initializing it */
            arg.val = 0;
            if (semctl(sem->semid, 0, SETVAL, arg) == -1)
            {
                _PR_MD_MAP_DEFAULT_ERROR(errno);
                PR_DELETE(sem);
                return NULL;
            }
            /* call semop to set sem_otime to nonzero */
            sop.sem_num = 0;
            sop.sem_op = value;
            sop.sem_flg = 0;
            if (semop(sem->semid, &sop, 1) == -1)
            {
                _PR_MD_MAP_DEFAULT_ERROR(errno);
                PR_DELETE(sem);
                return NULL;
            }
            return sem;
        }

        if (errno != EEXIST || flags & PR_SEM_EXCL)
        {
            _PR_MD_MAP_DEFAULT_ERROR(errno);
            PR_DELETE(sem);
            return NULL;
        }
    }

    sem->semid = semget(key, 1, NSPR_SEM_MODE);
    if (sem->semid == -1)
    {
        _PR_MD_MAP_DEFAULT_ERROR(errno);
        PR_DELETE(sem);
        return NULL;
    }
    for (i = 0; i < MAX_TRIES; i++)
    {
        arg.buf = &seminfo;
        semctl(sem->semid, 0, IPC_STAT, arg);
        if (seminfo.sem_otime != 0) break;
        sleep(1);
    }
    if (i == MAX_TRIES)
    {
        PR_SetError(PR_IO_TIMEOUT_ERROR, 0);
        PR_DELETE(sem);
        return NULL;
    }
    return sem;
}

PR_IMPLEMENT(PRStatus) PR_WaitSemaphore(PRSem *sem)
{
    struct sembuf sop;

    sop.sem_num = 0;
    sop.sem_op = -1;
    sop.sem_flg = 0;
    if (semop(sem->semid, &sop, 1) == -1)
    {
        _PR_MD_MAP_DEFAULT_ERROR(errno);
        return PR_FAILURE;
    }
    return PR_SUCCESS;
}

PR_IMPLEMENT(PRStatus) PR_PostSemaphore(PRSem *sem)
{
    struct sembuf sop;

    sop.sem_num = 0;
    sop.sem_op = 1;
    sop.sem_flg = 0;
    if (semop(sem->semid, &sop, 1) == -1)
    {
        _PR_MD_MAP_DEFAULT_ERROR(errno);
        return PR_FAILURE;
    }
    return PR_SUCCESS;
}

PR_IMPLEMENT(PRStatus) PR_CloseSemaphore(PRSem *sem)
{
    PR_DELETE(sem);
    return PR_SUCCESS;
}

PR_IMPLEMENT(PRStatus) PR_DeleteSemaphore(const char *name)
{
    key_t key;
    int semid;
    /* On some systems (e.g., glibc 2.0) semctl requires a fourth argument */
    union semun unused;
    char osname[PR_IPC_NAME_SIZE];

    if (_PR_MakeNativeIPCName(name, osname, sizeof(osname), _PRIPCSem)
        == PR_FAILURE)
    {
        return PR_FAILURE;
    }
    key = ftok(osname, NSPR_IPC_KEY_ID);
    if ((key_t) -1 == key)
    {
        _PR_MD_MAP_DEFAULT_ERROR(errno);
        return PR_FAILURE;
    }
    if (unlink(osname) == -1)
    {
        _PR_MD_MAP_UNLINK_ERROR(errno);
        return PR_FAILURE;
    }
    semid = semget(key, 1, NSPR_SEM_MODE);
    if (-1 == semid)
    {
        _PR_MD_MAP_DEFAULT_ERROR(errno);
        return PR_FAILURE;
    }
    unused.val = 0;
    if (semctl(semid, 0, IPC_RMID, unused) == -1)
    { 
        _PR_MD_MAP_DEFAULT_ERROR(errno);
        return PR_FAILURE;
    }
    return PR_SUCCESS;
}

#else /* neither POSIX nor System V semaphores are available */

PR_IMPLEMENT(PRSem *) PR_OpenSemaphore(
    const char *name,
    PRIntn flags,
    PRIntn mode,
    PRUintn value)
{
    PR_SetError(PR_NOT_IMPLEMENTED_ERROR, 0);
    return NULL;
}

PR_IMPLEMENT(PRStatus) PR_WaitSemaphore(PRSem *sem)
{
    PR_SetError(PR_NOT_IMPLEMENTED_ERROR, 0);
    return PR_FAILURE;
}

PR_IMPLEMENT(PRStatus) PR_PostSemaphore(PRSem *sem)
{
    PR_SetError(PR_NOT_IMPLEMENTED_ERROR, 0);
    return PR_FAILURE;
}

PR_IMPLEMENT(PRStatus) PR_CloseSemaphore(PRSem *sem)
{
    PR_SetError(PR_NOT_IMPLEMENTED_ERROR, 0);
    return PR_FAILURE;
}

PR_IMPLEMENT(PRStatus) PR_DeleteSemaphore(const char *name)
{
    PR_SetError(PR_NOT_IMPLEMENTED_ERROR, 0);
    return PR_FAILURE;
}

#endif /* end of interprocess named semaphore functions */

/**************************************************************/
/**************************************************************/
/******************ROUTINES FOR DCE EMULATION******************/
/**************************************************************/
/**************************************************************/

#include "prpdce.h"

PR_IMPLEMENT(PRStatus) PRP_TryLock(PRLock *lock)
{
    PRIntn rv = pthread_mutex_trylock(&lock->mutex);
    if (rv == PT_TRYLOCK_SUCCESS)
    {
        PR_ASSERT(PR_FALSE == lock->locked);
        lock->locked = PR_TRUE;
        lock->owner = pthread_self();
    }
    /* XXX set error code? */
    return (PT_TRYLOCK_SUCCESS == rv) ? PR_SUCCESS : PR_FAILURE;
}  /* PRP_TryLock */

PR_IMPLEMENT(PRCondVar*) PRP_NewNakedCondVar(void)
{
    PRCondVar *cv;

    if (!_pr_initialized) _PR_ImplicitInitialization();

    cv = PR_NEW(PRCondVar);
    if (cv != NULL)
    {
        int rv;
        rv = _PT_PTHREAD_COND_INIT(cv->cv, _pt_cvar_attr); 
        PR_ASSERT(0 == rv);
        cv->lock = _PR_NAKED_CV_LOCK;
    }
    return cv;
}  /* PRP_NewNakedCondVar */

PR_IMPLEMENT(void) PRP_DestroyNakedCondVar(PRCondVar *cvar)
{
    int rv;
    rv = pthread_cond_destroy(&cvar->cv); PR_ASSERT(0 == rv);
#if defined(DEBUG)
        memset(cvar, 0xaf, sizeof(PRCondVar));
#endif
    PR_DELETE(cvar);
}  /* PRP_DestroyNakedCondVar */

PR_IMPLEMENT(PRStatus) PRP_NakedWait(
    PRCondVar *cvar, PRLock *ml, PRIntervalTime timeout)
{
    PRIntn rv;
    PR_ASSERT(cvar != NULL);
    /* XXX do we really want to assert this in a naked wait? */
    PR_ASSERT(_PT_PTHREAD_MUTEX_IS_LOCKED(ml->mutex));
    if (timeout == PR_INTERVAL_NO_TIMEOUT)
        rv = pthread_cond_wait(&cvar->cv, &ml->mutex);
    else
        rv = pt_TimedWait(&cvar->cv, &ml->mutex, timeout);
    if (rv != 0)
    {
        _PR_MD_MAP_DEFAULT_ERROR(rv);
        return PR_FAILURE;
    }
    return PR_SUCCESS;
}  /* PRP_NakedWait */

PR_IMPLEMENT(PRStatus) PRP_NakedNotify(PRCondVar *cvar)
{
    int rv;
    PR_ASSERT(cvar != NULL);
    rv = pthread_cond_signal(&cvar->cv);
    PR_ASSERT(0 == rv);
    return PR_SUCCESS;
}  /* PRP_NakedNotify */

PR_IMPLEMENT(PRStatus) PRP_NakedBroadcast(PRCondVar *cvar)
{
    int rv;
    PR_ASSERT(cvar != NULL);
    rv = pthread_cond_broadcast(&cvar->cv);
    PR_ASSERT(0 == rv);
    return PR_SUCCESS;
}  /* PRP_NakedBroadcast */

#endif  /* defined(_PR_PTHREADS) */

/* ptsynch.c */

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