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thread-posix.cpp

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/* $Id: thread-posix.cpp 4071 2007-08-07 17:07:59Z vboxsync $ */
/** @file
 * innotek Portable Runtime - Threads, POSIX.
 */

/*
 * Copyright (C) 2006-2007 innotek GmbH
 *
 * This file is part of VirtualBox Open Source Edition (OSE), as
 * available from http://www.virtualbox.org. This file is free software;
 * you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU
 * General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation,
 * in version 2 as it comes in the "COPYING" file of the VirtualBox OSE
 * distribution. VirtualBox OSE is distributed in the hope that it will
 * be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY of any kind.
 */


/*******************************************************************************
*   Header Files                                                               *
*******************************************************************************/
#define LOG_GROUP RTLOGGROUP_THREAD
#include <errno.h>
#include <pthread.h>
#include <signal.h>
#if defined(RT_OS_SOLARIS)
# include <sched.h>
#endif

#include <iprt/thread.h>
#include <iprt/log.h>
#include <iprt/assert.h>
#include <iprt/asm.h>
#include <iprt/err.h>
#include "internal/thread.h"


/*******************************************************************************
*   Header Files                                                               *
*******************************************************************************/
/** The pthread key in which we store the pointer to our own PRTTHREAD structure. */
00042 static pthread_key_t    g_SelfKey;


/*******************************************************************************
*   Internal Functions                                                         *
*******************************************************************************/
static void *rtThreadNativeMain(void *pvArgs);
static void rtThreadKeyDestruct(void *pvValue);


00052 int rtThreadNativeInit(void)
{
    /*
     * Allocate the TLS (key in posix terms) where we store the pointer to
     * a threads RTTHREADINT structure.
     */

    int rc = pthread_key_create(&g_SelfKey, rtThreadKeyDestruct);
    if (!rc)
        return VINF_SUCCESS;
    return VERR_NO_TLS_FOR_SELF;
}


/**
 * Destructor called when a thread terminates.
 * @param   pvValue     The key value. PRTTHREAD in our case.
 */
00070 static void rtThreadKeyDestruct(void *pvValue)
{
    /*
     * Deal with alien threads.
     */
    PRTTHREADINT pThread = (PRTTHREADINT)pvValue;
    if (pThread->fIntFlags & RTTHREADINT_FLAGS_ALIEN)
    {
        pthread_setspecific(g_SelfKey, pThread);
        rtThreadTerminate(pThread, 0);
        pthread_setspecific(g_SelfKey, NULL);
    }
}


/**
 * Adopts a thread, this is called immediately after allocating the
 * thread structure.
 *
 * @param   pThread     Pointer to the thread structure.
 */
00091 int rtThreadNativeAdopt(PRTTHREADINT pThread)
{
    /*
     * Block SIGALRM - required for timer-posix.cpp.
     * This is done to limit harm done by OSes which doesn't do special SIGALRM scheduling.
     * It will not help much if someone creates threads directly using pthread_create. :/
     */
    sigset_t SigSet;
    sigemptyset(&SigSet);
    sigaddset(&SigSet, SIGALRM);
    sigprocmask(SIG_BLOCK, &SigSet, NULL);

    int rc = pthread_setspecific(g_SelfKey, pThread);
    if (!rc)
        return VINF_SUCCESS;
    return VERR_FAILED_TO_SET_SELF_TLS;
}


/**
 * Wrapper which unpacks the params and calls thread function.
 */
00113 static void *rtThreadNativeMain(void *pvArgs)
{
    PRTTHREADINT  pThread = (PRTTHREADINT)pvArgs;

    /*
     * Block SIGALRM - required for timer-posix.cpp.
     * This is done to limit harm done by OSes which doesn't do special SIGALRM scheduling.
     * It will not help much if someone creates threads directly using pthread_create. :/
     */
    sigset_t SigSet;
    sigemptyset(&SigSet);
    sigaddset(&SigSet, SIGALRM);
    sigprocmask(SIG_BLOCK, &SigSet, NULL);

    int rc = pthread_setspecific(g_SelfKey, pThread);
    AssertReleaseMsg(!rc, ("failed to set self TLS. rc=%d thread '%s'\n", rc, pThread->szName));

    /*
     * Call common main.
     */
    pthread_t Self = pthread_self();
    Assert((uintptr_t)Self == (RTNATIVETHREAD)Self && (uintptr_t)Self != NIL_RTNATIVETHREAD);
    rc = rtThreadMain(pThread, (uintptr_t)Self, &pThread->szName[0]);

    pthread_setspecific(g_SelfKey, NULL);
    pthread_exit((void *)rc);
    return (void *)rc;
}


00143 int rtThreadNativeCreate(PRTTHREADINT pThread, PRTNATIVETHREAD pNativeThread)
{
    /*
     * Set the default stack size.
     */
    if (!pThread->cbStack)
        pThread->cbStack = 512*1024;

    /*
     * Setup thread attributes.
     */
    pthread_attr_t  ThreadAttr;
    int rc = pthread_attr_init(&ThreadAttr);
    if (!rc)
    {
        rc = pthread_attr_setdetachstate(&ThreadAttr, PTHREAD_CREATE_DETACHED);
        if (!rc)
        {
            rc = pthread_attr_setstacksize(&ThreadAttr, pThread->cbStack);
            if (!rc)
            {
                /*
                 * Create the thread.
                 */
                pthread_t ThreadId;
                rc = pthread_create(&ThreadId, &ThreadAttr, rtThreadNativeMain, pThread);
                if (!rc)
                {
                    *pNativeThread = (uintptr_t)ThreadId;
                    return VINF_SUCCESS;
                }
            }
        }
        pthread_attr_destroy(&ThreadAttr);
    }
    return RTErrConvertFromErrno(rc);
}


00182 RTDECL(RTTHREAD) RTThreadSelf(void)
{
    PRTTHREADINT pThread = (PRTTHREADINT)pthread_getspecific(g_SelfKey);
    /** @todo import alien threads? */
    return pThread;
}


00190 RTDECL(RTNATIVETHREAD) RTThreadNativeSelf(void)
{
    return (RTNATIVETHREAD)pthread_self();
}


00196 RTDECL(int) RTThreadSleep(unsigned cMillies)
{
    LogFlow(("RTThreadSleep: cMillies=%d\n", cMillies));
    if (!cMillies)
    {
        /* pthread_yield() isn't part of SuS, thus this fun. */
#ifdef RT_OS_DARWIN
        pthread_yield_np();
#elif defined(RT_OS_FREEBSD) /* void pthread_yield */
        pthread_yield();
#elif defined(RT_OS_SOLARIS)
        sched_yield();
#else
        if (!pthread_yield())
#endif
        {
            LogFlow(("RTThreadSleep: returning %Vrc (cMillies=%d)\n", VINF_SUCCESS, cMillies));
            return VINF_SUCCESS;
        }
    }
    else
    {
        struct timespec ts;
        struct timespec tsrem = {0,0};

        ts.tv_nsec = (cMillies % 1000) * 1000000;
        ts.tv_sec  = cMillies / 1000;
        if (!nanosleep(&ts, &tsrem))
        {
            LogFlow(("RTThreadSleep: returning %Vrc (cMillies=%d)\n", VINF_SUCCESS, cMillies));
            return VINF_SUCCESS;
        }
    }

    int rc = RTErrConvertFromErrno(errno);
    LogFlow(("RTThreadSleep: returning %Vrc (cMillies=%d)\n", rc, cMillies));
    return rc;
}


00236 RTDECL(bool) RTThreadYield(void)
{
    uint64_t u64TS = ASMReadTSC();
#ifdef RT_OS_DARWIN
    pthread_yield_np();
#elif defined(RT_OS_SOLARIS)
    sched_yield();
#else
    pthread_yield();
#endif
    u64TS = ASMReadTSC() - u64TS;
    bool fRc = u64TS > 1500;
    LogFlow(("RTThreadYield: returning %d (%llu ticks)\n", fRc, u64TS));
    return fRc;
}


RTR3DECL(uint64_t) RTThreadGetAffinity(void)
{
    return 1;
}


RTR3DECL(int) RTThreadSetAffinity(uint64_t u64Mask)
{
    if (u64Mask != 1)
        return VERR_INVALID_PARAMETER;
    return VINF_SUCCESS;
}


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