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linux.cpp

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/** @file
 *
 * Shared Clipboard:
 * Linux host.
 */

/*
 * Copyright (C) 2006-2007 innotek GmbH
 *
 * This file is part of VirtualBox Open Source Edition (OSE), as
 * available from http://www.virtualbox.org. This file is free software;
 * you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU
 * General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation,
 * in version 2 as it comes in the "COPYING" file of the VirtualBox OSE
 * distribution. VirtualBox OSE is distributed in the hope that it will
 * be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY of any kind.
 */

#define USE_UTF16
#define USE_UTF8
#define USE_CTEXT

#include <vector>

#include <VBox/HostServices/VBoxClipboardSvc.h>

#include <iprt/alloc.h>
#include <iprt/asm.h>        /* For atomic operations */
#include <iprt/assert.h>
#include <iprt/mem.h>
#include <iprt/string.h>
#include <iprt/thread.h>
#include <iprt/process.h>
#include <iprt/semaphore.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdint.h>

#include "VBoxClipboard.h"

#include <X11/Xlib.h>
#include <X11/Xatom.h>
#include <X11/Intrinsic.h>
#include <X11/Shell.h>
#include <X11/Xproto.h>

/** The different clipboard formats which we support. */
00048 enum g_eClipboardFormats
{
    INVALID = 0,
    TARGETS,
    CTEXT,
    UTF8,
    UTF16
};

/** The X11 clipboard uses several names for the same format.  This structure maps an X11
    name to a format. */
00059 typedef struct {
    Atom atom;
    g_eClipboardFormats format;
    unsigned guestFormat;
} VBOXCLIPBOARDFORMAT;

/** Does the host or the guest currently own the clipboard? */
00066 enum g_eClipboardOwner { NONE = 0, HOST, GUEST };

typedef struct {
    /** BMP file type marker - must always contain 'BM' */
    uint16_t bfType;
    /** The size of the BMP file in bytes (the MS docs say that this is not reliable) */
    uint32_t bfSize;
    /** Reserved, must always be zero */
    uint16_t bfReserved1;
    /** Reserved, must always be zero */
    uint16_t bfReserved2;
    /** Offset from the beginning of this header to the actual image bits */
} VBOXBITMAPFILEHEADER;

/** Global clipboard context information */
00081 struct _VBOXCLIPBOARDCONTEXT
{
    /** The X Toolkit application context structure */
00084     XtAppContext appContext;

    /** We have a separate thread to wait for Window and Clipboard events */
00087     RTTHREAD thread;
    /** The X Toolkit widget which we use as our clipboard client.  It is never made visible. */
00089     Widget widget;

    /** X11 atom refering to the clipboard: CLIPBOARD */
00092     Atom atomClipboard;
    /** X11 atom refering to the clipboard targets: TARGETS */
00094     Atom atomTargets;
    /** X11 atom refering to the clipboard multiple target: MULTIPLE */
00096     Atom atomMultiple;
    /** X11 atom refering to the clipboard timestamp target: TIMESTAMP */
00098     Atom atomTimestamp;
    /** X11 atom refering to the clipboard utf16 text format: text/plain;charset=ISO-10646-UCS-2 */
00100     Atom atomUtf16;
    /** X11 atom refering to the clipboard utf8 text format: UTF8_STRING */
00102     Atom atomUtf8;
    /** X11 atom refering to the clipboard compound text format: COMPOUND_TEXT */
00104     Atom atomCText;

    /** A list of the X11 formats which we support, mapped to our identifier for them, in the
        order we prefer to have them in. */
00108     std::vector<VBOXCLIPBOARDFORMAT> formatList;

    /** Does the host or the guest currently own the clipboard? */
00111     volatile enum g_eClipboardOwner eOwner;

    /** What is the best text format the host has to offer?  INVALID for none. */
00114     g_eClipboardFormats hostTextFormat;
    /** Atom corresponding to the host text format */
00116     Atom atomHostTextFormat;
    /** What is the best bitmap format the host has to offer?  INVALID for none. */
00118     g_eClipboardFormats hostBitmapFormat;
    /** Atom corresponding to the host Bitmap format */
00120     Atom atomHostBitmapFormat;
    /** What formats does the guest have on offer? */
00122     int guestFormats;
    /** Windows caches the clipboard data it receives.  Since we have no way of knowing whether
        that data is still valid, we always send a "data changed" message after a successful
        transfer to invalidate the cache. */
00126     bool notifyGuest;

    /** Since the clipboard data moves asynchronously, we use an event semaphore to wait for
        it.  When a function issues a request for clipboard data it must wait for this
        semaphore, which is triggered when the data arrives. */
00131     RTSEMEVENT waitForData;
    /** And because it would not do for the guest to be waiting for the host while the host
        is waiting for the guest, we set a flag and assert horribly if we spot a deadlock. */
00134     uint32_t waiter;
    /** This mutex is held while an asynchronous operation completes (i.e. the host clipboard is
        being queried) to make sure that the clipboard is not disconnected during that time.  It
        is also grabbed when the clipboard client disconnects.  When an asynchronous operation
        starts completing, it checks that the same client is still connected immediately after
        grabbing the mutex. */
00140     RTSEMMUTEX asyncMutex;

    /** Format which we are reading from the host clipboard (valid during a request for the
        host clipboard) */
00144     g_eClipboardFormats requestHostFormat;
    /** The guest buffer to write host clipboard data to (valid during a request for the host
        clipboard) */
00147     void *requestBuffer;
    /** The size of the guest buffer to write host clipboard data to (valid during a request for
        the host clipboard) */
00150     unsigned requestBufferSize;
    /** The size of the host clipboard data written to the guest buffer (valid during a request
        for the host clipboard) */
00153     uint32_t *requestActualSize;

    /** Pointer to the client data structure */
00156     VBOXCLIPBOARDCLIENTDATA *pClient;
};

/* Only one client is supported. There seems to be no need for more clients. */
static VBOXCLIPBOARDCONTEXT g_ctx;

/**
 * Get the size of the buffer needed to hold a Utf16-LE zero terminated string with Windows EOLs
 * converted from a Utf16 string with Linux EOLs.
 *
 * @returns RT error code
 *
 * @param   pu16Src  The source Utf16 string
 * @param   cwSrc    The length in 16 bit words of the source string
 * @retval  pcwDest  The length of the destination string in 16 bit words
 */
00172 static int vboxClipboardUtf16GetWinSize(PRTUTF16 pu16Src, size_t cwSrc, size_t *pcwDest)
{
    size_t cwDest, i;

    LogFlowFunc(("pu16Src=%.*ls, cwSrc=%u\n", cwSrc, pu16Src, cwSrc));
    if (pu16Src == 0)
    {
        LogRel(("vboxClipboardUtf16GetWinSize: received a null Utf16 string, returning VERR_INVALID_PARAMETER\n"));
        AssertReturn(pu16Src != 0, VERR_INVALID_PARAMETER);
    }
    /* We only take little endian Utf16 */
    if (pu16Src[0] == UTF16BEMARKER)
    {
        LogRel(("vboxClipboardUtf16GetWinSize: received a big endian Utf16 string, returning VERR_INVALID_PARAMETER\n"));
        AssertReturn(pu16Src[0] != UTF16BEMARKER, VERR_INVALID_PARAMETER);
    }
    if (cwSrc == 0)
    {
        *pcwDest = 0;
        LogFlowFunc(("empty source string, returning\n"));
        return VINF_SUCCESS;
    }
    cwDest = 0;
    /* Calculate the size of the destination text string. */
    /* Is this Utf16 or Utf16-LE? */
    for (i = (pu16Src[0] == UTF16LEMARKER ? 1 : 0); i < cwSrc; ++i, ++cwDest)
    {
        if (pu16Src[i] == LINEFEED)
            ++cwDest;
        if (pu16Src[i] == 0)
        {
            /* Don't count this, as we do so below. */
            break;
        }
    }
    /* Count the terminating null byte. */
    ++cwDest;
    LogFlowFunc(("returning VINF_SUCCESS, %d 16bit words\n", cwDest));
    *pcwDest = cwDest;
    return VINF_SUCCESS;
}

/**
 * Convert a Utf16 text with Linux EOLs to null-terminated Utf16-LE with Windows EOLs.  Does no
 * checking for validity.
 *
 * @returns VBox status code
 *
 * @param   pu16Src  Source Utf16 text to convert
 * @param   cwSrc    Size of the source text in 16 bit words
 * @retval  pu16Dest Buffer to store the converted text to.
 * @retval  pcwDest  Size of the buffer for the converted text in 16 bit words
 */
00225 static int vboxClipboardUtf16LinToWin(PRTUTF16 pu16Src, size_t cwSrc, PRTUTF16 pu16Dest,
                                      size_t cwDest)
{
    size_t i, j;
    LogFlowFunc(("pu16Src=%.*ls, cwSrc=%u\n", cwSrc, pu16Src, cwSrc));
    if (!VALID_PTR(pu16Src) || !VALID_PTR(pu16Dest))
    {
        LogRel(("vboxClipboardUtf16LinToWin: received an invalid pointer, pu16Src=%p, pu16Dest=%p, returning VERR_INVALID_PARAMETER\n", pu16Src, pu16Dest));
        AssertReturn(VALID_PTR(pu16Src) && VALID_PTR(pu16Dest), VERR_INVALID_PARAMETER);
    }
    /* We only take little endian Utf16 */
    if (pu16Src[0] == UTF16BEMARKER)
    {
        LogRel(("vboxClipboardUtf16LinToWin: received a big endian Utf16 string, returning VERR_INVALID_PARAMETER\n"));
        AssertReturn(pu16Src[0] != UTF16BEMARKER, VERR_INVALID_PARAMETER);
    }
    if (cwSrc == 0)
    {
        if (cwDest == 0)
        {
            LogFlowFunc(("returning VERR_BUFFER_OVERFLOW\n"));
            return VERR_BUFFER_OVERFLOW;
        }
        pu16Dest[0] = 0;
        LogFlowFunc(("empty source string, returning\n"));
        return VINF_SUCCESS;
    }
    /* Don't copy the endian marker. */
    for (i = (pu16Src[0] == UTF16LEMARKER ? 1 : 0), j = 0; i < cwSrc; ++i, ++j)
    {
        /* Don't copy the null byte, as we add it below. */
        if (pu16Src[i] == 0)
            break;
        if (j == cwDest)
        {
            LogFlowFunc(("returning VERR_BUFFER_OVERFLOW\n"));
            return VERR_BUFFER_OVERFLOW;
        }
        if (pu16Src[i] == LINEFEED)
        {
            pu16Dest[j] = CARRIAGERETURN;
            ++j;
            if (j == cwDest)
            {
                LogFlowFunc(("returning VERR_BUFFER_OVERFLOW\n"));
                return VERR_BUFFER_OVERFLOW;
            }
        }
        pu16Dest[j] = pu16Src[i];
    }
    /* Add the trailing null. */
    if (j == cwDest)
    {
        LogFlowFunc(("returning VERR_BUFFER_OVERFLOW\n"));
        return VERR_BUFFER_OVERFLOW;
    }
    pu16Dest[j] = 0;
    LogFlowFunc(("rc=VINF_SUCCESS, pu16Dest=%ls\n", pu16Dest));
    return VINF_SUCCESS;
}

/**
 * Get the size of the buffer needed to hold a zero-terminated Utf16 string with Linux EOLs
 * converted from a Utf16 string with Windows EOLs.
 *
 * @returns RT status code
 *
 * @param   pu16Src  The source Utf16 string
 * @param   cwSrc    The length in 16 bit words of the source string
 * @retval  pcwDest  The length of the destination string in 16 bit words
 */
00296 static int vboxClipboardUtf16GetLinSize(PRTUTF16 pu16Src, size_t cwSrc, size_t *pcwDest)
{
    size_t cwDest;

    LogFlowFunc(("pu16Src=%.*ls, cwSrc=%u\n", cwSrc, pu16Src, cwSrc));
    if (!VALID_PTR(pu16Src))
    {
        LogRel(("vboxClipboardUtf16GetLinSize: received an invalid Utf16 string %p.  Returning VERR_INVALID_PARAMETER.\n", pu16Src));
        AssertReturn(VALID_PTR(pu16Src), VERR_INVALID_PARAMETER);
    }
    /* We only take little endian Utf16 */
    if (pu16Src[0] == UTF16BEMARKER)
    {
        LogRel(("vboxClipboardUtf16GetLinSize: received a big endian Utf16 string.  Returning VERR_INVALID_PARAMETER.\n"));
        AssertReturn(pu16Src[0] != UTF16BEMARKER, VERR_INVALID_PARAMETER);
    }
    if (cwSrc == 0)
    {
        LogFlowFunc(("empty source string, returning VINF_SUCCESS\n"));
        *pcwDest = 0;
        return VINF_SUCCESS;
    }
    /* Calculate the size of the destination text string. */
    /* Is this Utf16 or Utf16-LE? */
    if (pu16Src[0] == UTF16LEMARKER)
        cwDest = 0;
    else
        cwDest = 1;
    for (size_t i = 0; i < cwSrc; ++i, ++cwDest)
    {
        if (   (i + 1 < cwSrc)
            && (pu16Src[i] == CARRIAGERETURN)
            && (pu16Src[i + 1] == LINEFEED))
        {
            ++i;
        }
        if (pu16Src[i] == 0)
        {
            break;
        }
    }
    /* Terminating zero */
    ++cwDest;
    LogFlowFunc(("returning %d\n", cwDest));
    *pcwDest = cwDest;
    return VINF_SUCCESS;
}

/**
 * Convert Utf16-LE text with Windows EOLs to zero-terminated Utf16 with Linux EOLs.  This
 * function does not verify that the Utf16 is valid.
 *
 * @returns VBox status code
 *
 * @param   pu16Src       Text to convert
 * @param   cwSrc         Size of the source text in 16 bit words
 * @param   pu16Dest      The buffer to store the converted text to
 * @param   cwDest        The size of the buffer for the destination text in 16 bit words
 */
00355 static int vboxClipboardUtf16WinToLin(PRTUTF16 pu16Src, size_t cwSrc, PRTUTF16 pu16Dest,
                                      size_t cwDest)
{
    size_t cwDestPos;

    LogFlowFunc(("pu16Src=%.*ls, cwSrc=%u, pu16Dest=%p, cwDest=%u\n",
                 cwSrc, pu16Src, cwSrc, pu16Dest, cwDest));
    /* A buffer of size 0 may not be an error, but it is not a good idea either. */
    Assert(cwDest > 0);
    if (!VALID_PTR(pu16Src) || !VALID_PTR(pu16Dest))
    {
        LogRel(("vboxClipboardUtf16WinToLin: received an invalid ptr, pu16Src=%p, pu16Dest=%p, returning VERR_INVALID_PARAMETER\n", pu16Src, pu16Dest));
        AssertReturn(VALID_PTR(pu16Src) && VALID_PTR(pu16Dest), VERR_INVALID_PARAMETER);
    }
    /* We only take little endian Utf16 */
    if (pu16Src[0] == UTF16BEMARKER)
    {
        LogRel(("vboxClipboardUtf16WinToLin: received a big endian Utf16 string, returning VERR_INVALID_PARAMETER\n"));
        AssertMsgFailedReturn(("received a big endian string\n"), VERR_INVALID_PARAMETER);
    }
    if (cwDest == 0)
    {
        LogFlowFunc(("returning VERR_BUFFER_OVERFLOW\n"));
        return VERR_BUFFER_OVERFLOW;
    }
    if (cwSrc == 0)
    {
        pu16Dest[0] = 0;
        LogFlowFunc(("received empty string.  Returning VINF_SUCCESS\n"));
        return VINF_SUCCESS;
    }
    /* Prepend the Utf16 byte order marker if it is missing. */
    if (pu16Src[0] == UTF16LEMARKER)
    {
        cwDestPos = 0;
    }
    else
    {
        pu16Dest[0] = UTF16LEMARKER;
        cwDestPos = 1;
    }
    for (size_t i = 0; i < cwSrc; ++i, ++cwDestPos)
    {
        if (pu16Src[i] == 0)
        {
            break;
        }
        if (cwDestPos == cwDest)
        {
            LogFlowFunc(("returning VERR_BUFFER_OVERFLOW\n"));
            return VERR_BUFFER_OVERFLOW;
        }
        if (   (i + 1 < cwSrc)
            && (pu16Src[i] == CARRIAGERETURN)
            && (pu16Src[i + 1] == LINEFEED))
        {
            ++i;
        }
        pu16Dest[cwDestPos] = pu16Src[i];
    }
    /* Terminating zero */
    if (cwDestPos == cwDest)
    {
        LogFlowFunc(("returning VERR_BUFFER_OVERFLOW\n"));
        return VERR_BUFFER_OVERFLOW;
    }
    pu16Dest[cwDestPos] = 0;
    LogFlowFunc(("set string %ls.  Returning\n", pu16Dest + 1));
    return VINF_SUCCESS;
}

/**
 * Send a request to the guest to transfer the contents of its clipboard to the host.
 *
 * @param pCtx      Pointer to the host clipboard structure
 * @param u32Format The format in which the data should be transfered
 */
00432 static int vboxClipboardReadDataFromClient (VBOXCLIPBOARDCONTEXT *pCtx, uint32_t u32Format)
{
    VBOXCLIPBOARDCLIENTDATA *pClient = pCtx->pClient;

    LogFlowFunc(("u32Format=%02X\n", u32Format));
    if (pClient == 0)
    {
        Log(("vboxClipboardReadDataFromClient: host requested guest clipboard data after guest had disconnected.\n"));
        pCtx->guestFormats = 0;
        pCtx->waiter = 0;
        return VERR_TIMEOUT;
    }
    if (!(   pCtx->pClient->data.pv == NULL
          && pCtx->pClient->data.cb == 0
          && pCtx->pClient->data.u32Format == 0))
    {
        LogRel(("vboxClipboardReadDataFromClient: a guest to host clipboard transfer has been requested, but another is in progress, or has not cleaned up properly.\n"));
        AssertMsgFailed(("A guest to host clipboard transfer has been requested, but another is in progress, or has not cleaned up properly.\n"));
    }

    /* Only one of the guest and the host should be waiting at any one time */
    if (RT_FAILURE(ASMAtomicCmpXchgU32(&pCtx->waiter, 1, 0)))
    {
        LogRel(("vboxClipboardReadDataFromClient: deadlock situation - the host and the guest are both waiting for data from the other."));
        return VERR_DEADLOCK;
    }
    /* Request data from the guest */
    vboxSvcClipboardReportMsg (pCtx->pClient, VBOX_SHARED_CLIPBOARD_HOST_MSG_READ_DATA, u32Format);
    /* Which will signal us when it is ready. */
    if (RTSemEventWait(pCtx->waitForData, CLIPBOARDTIMEOUT) != VINF_SUCCESS)
    {
        LogRel (("vboxClipboardReadDataFromClient: vboxSvcClipboardReportMsg failed to complete within %d milliseconds\n", CLIPBOARDTIMEOUT));
        pCtx->guestFormats = 0;
        pCtx->waiter = 0;
        return VERR_TIMEOUT;
    }
    pCtx->waiter = 0;
    LogFlowFunc(("wait completed.  Returning.\n"));
    return VINF_SUCCESS;
}

/**
 * Convert the UTF-16 text returned from the X11 clipboard to UTF-16LE with Windows EOLs
 * and place it in the global g_pcClipboardText variable.  We are reading the host clipboard to
 * make it available to the guest.
 *
 * @param pValue      Source UTF-16 text
 * @param cwSourceLen Length in 16-bit words of the source text
 * @param pv          Where to store the converted data
 * @param cb          Length in bytes of the buffer pointed to by cb
 * @param pcbActual   Where to store the size of the converted data
 * @param pClient     Pointer to the client context structure
 */
00485 static void vboxClipboardGetUtf16(XtPointer pValue, unsigned cwSrcLen, void *pv, unsigned cb,
                                  uint32_t *pcbActual)
{
    size_t cwDestLen;
    PRTUTF16 pu16SrcText = reinterpret_cast<PRTUTF16>(pValue);
    PRTUTF16 pu16DestText = reinterpret_cast<PRTUTF16>(pv);
    int rc;

    LogFlowFunc (("converting Utf-16 to Utf-16LE.  cwSrcLen=%d, cb=%d, pu16SrcText+1=%.*ls\n",
                   cwSrcLen, cb, cwSrcLen - 1, pu16SrcText + 1));
    /* How long will the converted text be? */
    rc = vboxClipboardUtf16GetWinSize(pu16SrcText, cwSrcLen, &cwDestLen);
    if (RT_FAILURE(rc))
    {
        XtFree(reinterpret_cast<char *>(pValue));
        LogRel(("vboxClipboardGetUtf16: clipboard conversion failed.  vboxClipboardUtf16GetLinSize returned %Vrc.  Abandoning.\n", rc));
        LogFlowFunc (("guest buffer too small: size %d bytes, needed %d.  Returning.\n",
                       cb, cwDestLen * 2));
        *pcbActual = cwDestLen * 2;
        RTSemEventSignal(g_ctx.waitForData);
        AssertReturnVoid(RT_SUCCESS(rc));
    }
    if (cb < cwDestLen * 2)
    {
        XtFree(reinterpret_cast<char *>(pValue));
        /* Report the amount of buffer space needed for the transfer */
        LogFlowFunc (("guest buffer too small: size %d bytes, needed %d.  Returning.\n",
                       cb, cwDestLen * 2));
        *pcbActual = cwDestLen * 2;
        RTSemEventSignal(g_ctx.waitForData);
        return;
    }
    /* Convert the text. */
    rc = vboxClipboardUtf16LinToWin(pu16SrcText, cwSrcLen, pu16DestText, cb / 2);
    if (RT_FAILURE(rc))
    {
        LogRel(("vboxClipboardGetUtf16: clipboard conversion failed.  vboxClipboardUtf16LinToWin returned %Vrc.  Abandoning.\n", rc));
        XtFree(reinterpret_cast<char *>(pValue));
        *pcbActual = 0;
        RTSemEventSignal(g_ctx.waitForData);
        return;
    }
    LogFlowFunc (("converted string is %.*ls. Returning.\n", cwDestLen, pu16DestText));
    *pcbActual = cwDestLen * 2;
    XtFree(reinterpret_cast<char *>(pValue));
    RTSemEventSignal(g_ctx.waitForData);
}

/**
 * Convert the UTF-8 text returned from the X11 clipboard to UTF-16LE with Windows EOLS.
 * We are reading the host clipboard to make it available to the guest.
 *
 * @param pValue      Source UTF-8 text
 * @param cbSourceLen Length in 8-bit bytes of the source text
 * @param pv          Where to store the converted data
 * @param cb          Length in bytes of the buffer pointed to by pv
 * @param pcbActual   Where to store the size of the converted data
 * @param pClient     Pointer to the client context structure
 */
00544 static void vboxClipboardGetUtf8(XtPointer pValue, unsigned cbSrcLen, void *pv, unsigned cb,
                                 uint32_t *pcbActual)
{
    size_t cwSrcLen, cwDestLen;
    char *pu8SrcText = reinterpret_cast<char *>(pValue);
    PRTUTF16 pu16SrcText;
    PRTUTF16 pu16DestText = reinterpret_cast<PRTUTF16>(pv);
    int rc;

    LogFlowFunc (("converting Utf-8 to Utf-16LE.  cbSrcLen=%d, cb=%d, pu8SrcText=%.*s\n",
                   cbSrcLen, cb, cbSrcLen, pu8SrcText));
    /* First convert the UTF8 to UTF16 */
    rc = RTStrToUtf16Ex(pu8SrcText, cbSrcLen, &pu16SrcText, 0, &cwSrcLen);
    XtFree(reinterpret_cast<char *>(pValue));
    if (RT_FAILURE(rc))
    {
        LogRel(("vboxClipboardGetUtf8: clipboard conversion failed.  RTStrToUtf16Ex returned %Vrc.  Abandoning.\n", rc));
        *pcbActual = 0;
        RTSemEventSignal(g_ctx.waitForData);
        return;
    }
    /* Check how much longer will the converted text will be. */
    rc = vboxClipboardUtf16GetWinSize(pu16SrcText, cwSrcLen, &cwDestLen);
    if (RT_FAILURE(rc))
    {
        LogRel(("vboxClipboardGetUtf8: clipboard conversion failed.  vboxClipboardUtf16GetLinSize returned %Vrc.  Abandoning.\n", rc));
        LogFlowFunc (("guest buffer too small: size %d bytes, needed %d.  Returning.\n",
                       cb, cwDestLen * 2));
        RTUtf16Free(pu16SrcText);
        *pcbActual = cwDestLen * 2;
        RTSemEventSignal(g_ctx.waitForData);
        AssertReturnVoid(RT_SUCCESS(rc));
    }
    if (cb < cwDestLen * 2)
    {
        RTUtf16Free(pu16SrcText);
        /* Report the amount of buffer space needed for the transfer */
        LogFlowFunc (("guest buffer too small: size %d bytes, needed %d.  Returning.\n",
                       cb, cwDestLen * 2));
        *pcbActual = cwDestLen * 2;
        RTSemEventSignal(g_ctx.waitForData);
        return;
    }
    /* Convert the text. */
    rc = vboxClipboardUtf16LinToWin(pu16SrcText, cwSrcLen, pu16DestText, cb / 2);
    RTUtf16Free(pu16SrcText);
    if (RT_FAILURE(rc))
    {
        LogRel(("vboxClipboardGetUtf8: clipboard conversion failed.  vboxClipboardUtf16LinToWin returned %Vrc.  Abandoning.\n", rc));
        *pcbActual = 0;
        RTSemEventSignal(g_ctx.waitForData);
        return;
    }
    LogFlowFunc (("converted string is %.*ls. Returning.\n", cwDestLen, pu16DestText));
    *pcbActual = cwDestLen * 2;
    RTSemEventSignal(g_ctx.waitForData);
}

/**
 * Convert the COMPOUND_TEXT text returned from the X11 clipboard to UTF-16LE with Windows
 * EOLS.  We are reading the host clipboard to make it available to the guest.
 *
 * @param pValue      Source COMPOUND_TEXT text
 * @param cbSourceLen Length in 8-bit bytes of the source text
 * @param pv          Where to store the converted data
 * @param cb          Length in bytes of the buffer pointed to by pv
 * @param pcbActual   Where to store the size of the converted data
 * @param pClient     Pointer to the client context structure
 */
00613 static void vboxClipboardGetCText(XtPointer pValue, unsigned cbSrcLen, void *pv, unsigned cb,
                                  uint32_t *pcbActual)
{
    size_t cwSrcLen, cwDestLen;
    char **ppu8SrcText;
    PRTUTF16 pu16SrcText;
    PRTUTF16 pu16DestText = reinterpret_cast<PRTUTF16>(pv);
    XTextProperty property;
    int rc, cProps;

    LogFlowFunc (("converting COMPOUND TEXT to Utf-16LE.  cbSrcLen=%d, cb=%d, pu8SrcText=%.*s\n",
                   cbSrcLen, cb, cbSrcLen, reinterpret_cast<char *>(pValue)));
    /* First convert the compound text to Utf8 */
    property.value = reinterpret_cast<unsigned char *>(pValue);
    property.encoding = g_ctx.atomCText;
    property.format = 8;
    property.nitems = cbSrcLen;
    rc = Xutf8TextPropertyToTextList(XtDisplay(g_ctx.widget), &property, &ppu8SrcText, &cProps);
    XtFree(reinterpret_cast<char *>(pValue));
    if (rc < 0)
    {
        const char *pcReason;
        switch(rc)
        {
        case XNoMemory:
            pcReason = "out of memory";
            break;
        case XLocaleNotSupported:
            pcReason = "locale (Utf8) not supported";
            break;
        case XConverterNotFound:
            pcReason = "converter not found";
            break;
        default:
            pcReason = "unknown error";
        }
        XFreeStringList(ppu8SrcText);
        LogRel(("vboxClipboardGetCText: Xutf8TextPropertyToTextList failed.  Reason: %s\n",
                pcReason));
        *pcbActual = 0;
        RTSemEventSignal(g_ctx.waitForData);
        return;
    }
    /* Now convert the UTF8 to UTF16 */
    rc = RTStrToUtf16Ex(*ppu8SrcText, cbSrcLen, &pu16SrcText, 0, &cwSrcLen);
    XFreeStringList(ppu8SrcText);
    if (RT_FAILURE(rc))
    {
        LogRel(("vboxClipboardGetCText: clipboard conversion failed.  RTStrToUtf16Ex returned %Vrc.  Abandoning.\n", rc));
        *pcbActual = 0;
        RTSemEventSignal(g_ctx.waitForData);
        return;
    }
    /* Check how much longer will the converted text will be. */
    rc = vboxClipboardUtf16GetWinSize(pu16SrcText, cwSrcLen, &cwDestLen);
    if (RT_FAILURE(rc))
    {
        LogRel(("vboxClipboardGetCText: clipboard conversion failed.  vboxClipboardUtf16GetLinSize returned %Vrc.  Abandoning.\n", rc));
        LogFlowFunc (("guest buffer too small: size %d bytes, needed %d.  Returning.\n",
                       cb, cwDestLen * 2));
        RTUtf16Free(pu16SrcText);
        *pcbActual = cwDestLen * 2;
        RTSemEventSignal(g_ctx.waitForData);
        AssertReturnVoid(RT_SUCCESS(rc));
    }
    if (cb < cwDestLen * 2)
    {
        RTUtf16Free(pu16SrcText);
        /* Report the amount of buffer space needed for the transfer */
        LogFlowFunc (("guest buffer too small: size %d bytes, needed %d.  Returning.\n",
                       cb, cwDestLen * 2));
        *pcbActual = cwDestLen * 2;
        RTSemEventSignal(g_ctx.waitForData);
        return;
    }
    /* Convert the text. */
    rc = vboxClipboardUtf16LinToWin(pu16SrcText, cwSrcLen, pu16DestText, cb / 2);
    RTUtf16Free(pu16SrcText);
    if (RT_FAILURE(rc))
    {
        LogRel(("vboxClipboardGetCText: clipboard conversion failed.  vboxClipboardUtf16LinToWin returned %Vrc.  Abandoning.\n", rc));
        *pcbActual = 0;
        RTSemEventSignal(g_ctx.waitForData);
        return;
    }
    LogFlowFunc (("converted string is %.*ls. Returning.\n", cwDestLen, pu16DestText));
    *pcbActual = cwDestLen * 2;
    RTSemEventSignal(g_ctx.waitForData);
}

/**
 * Convert the Latin1 text returned from the X11 clipboard to UTF-16LE with Windows EOLS
 * and place it in the global g_pcClipboardText variable.  We are reading the host clipboard to
 * make it available to the guest.
 *
 * @param pValue      Source Latin1 text
 * @param cbSourceLen Length in 8-bit bytes of the source text
 * @param pv          Where to store the converted data
 * @param cb          Length in bytes of the buffer pointed to by cb
 * @param pcbActual   Where to store the size of the converted data
 * @param pClient     Pointer to the client context structure
 */
00715 static void vboxClipboardGetLatin1(XtPointer pValue, unsigned cbSourceLen, void *pv, unsigned cb,
                                   uint32_t *pcbActual)
{
    unsigned cwDestLen = cbSourceLen + 1;
    char *pu8SourceText = reinterpret_cast<char *>(pValue);
    PRTUTF16 pu16DestText = reinterpret_cast<PRTUTF16>(pv);

    LogFlow (("vboxClipboardGetLatin1: converting Latin1 to Utf-16LE.  Original is %.*s\n",
              cbSourceLen, pu8SourceText));
    for (unsigned i = 0; i < cbSourceLen; i++)
        if (pu8SourceText[i] == LINEFEED)
            ++cwDestLen;
    if (cb < cwDestLen * 2)
    {
        XtFree(reinterpret_cast<char *>(pValue));
        /* Report the amount of buffer space needed for the transfer */
        Log2 (("vboxClipboardGetLatin1: guest buffer too small: size %d bytes\n", cb));
        *pcbActual = cwDestLen * 2;
        RTSemEventSignal(g_ctx.waitForData);
        return;
    }
    for (unsigned i = 0, j = 0; i < cbSourceLen; ++i, ++j)
        if (pu8SourceText[i] != LINEFEED)
            pu16DestText[j] = pu8SourceText[i];  /* latin1 < utf-16LE */
        else
        {
            pu16DestText[j] = CARRIAGERETURN;
            ++j;
            pu16DestText[j] = LINEFEED;
        }
    pu16DestText[cwDestLen - 1] = 0;
    *pcbActual = cwDestLen * 2;
    Log2 (("vboxClipboardGetLatin1: converted text is %.*ls\n", cwDestLen, pu16DestText));
    XtFree(reinterpret_cast<char *>(pValue));
    RTSemEventSignal(g_ctx.waitForData);
}

/** Convert the clipboard text from the current format to Utf-16 with Windows line breaks.
    We are reading the host clipboard to make it available to the guest. */
00754 static void vboxClipboardGetProc(Widget, XtPointer pClientData, Atom * /* selection */,
                                 Atom *atomType, XtPointer pValue, long unsigned int *pcLen,
                                 int *piFormat)
{
    LogFlowFunc(("pClientData=%p, *pcLen=%lu, *piFormat=%d\n", pClientData, *pcLen, *piFormat));
    LogFlowFunc(("g_ctx.requestHostFormat=%d, g_ctx.requestBufferSize=%d\n",
                 g_ctx.requestHostFormat, g_ctx.requestBufferSize));
    unsigned cTextLen = (*pcLen) * (*piFormat) / 8;
    /* The X Toolkit may have failed to get the clipboard selection for us. */
    if (*atomType == XT_CONVERT_FAIL)
        return;
    /* We grab this mutex whenever an asynchronous clipboard operation completes and while
       disconnecting a client from the clipboard to stop these operations colliding. */
    RTSemMutexRequest(g_ctx.asyncMutex, RT_INDEFINITE_WAIT);
    if (reinterpret_cast<VBOXCLIPBOARDCLIENTDATA *>(pClientData) != g_ctx.pClient)
    {
        /* If the client is no longer connected, just return. */
        XtFree(reinterpret_cast<char *>(pValue));
        LogFlowFunc(("client is no longer connected, returning\n"));
        RTSemMutexRelease(g_ctx.asyncMutex);
        return;
    }

    /* In which format did we request the clipboard data? */
    switch (g_ctx.requestHostFormat)
    {
    case UTF16:
        vboxClipboardGetUtf16(pValue, cTextLen / 2, g_ctx.requestBuffer, g_ctx.requestBufferSize,
                              g_ctx.requestActualSize);
        break;
    case CTEXT:
        vboxClipboardGetCText(pValue, cTextLen, g_ctx.requestBuffer, g_ctx.requestBufferSize,
                              g_ctx.requestActualSize);
        break;
    case UTF8:
    {
        /* If we are given broken Utf-8, we treat it as Latin1.  Is this acceptable? */
        size_t cStringLen;
        char *pu8SourceText = reinterpret_cast<char *>(pValue);

        if ((g_ctx.requestHostFormat == UTF8)
            && (RTStrUniLenEx(pu8SourceText, *pcLen, &cStringLen) == VINF_SUCCESS))
        {
            vboxClipboardGetUtf8(pValue, cTextLen, g_ctx.requestBuffer, g_ctx.requestBufferSize,
                                 g_ctx.requestActualSize);
            break;
        }
        else
        {
            vboxClipboardGetLatin1(pValue, cTextLen, g_ctx.requestBuffer, g_ctx.requestBufferSize,
                                   g_ctx.requestActualSize);
            break;
        }
    }
    default:
        Log (("vboxClipboardGetProc: bad target format\n"));
        XtFree(reinterpret_cast<char *>(pValue));
        RTSemMutexRelease(g_ctx.asyncMutex);
        return;
    }
    g_ctx.notifyGuest = true;
    RTSemMutexRelease(g_ctx.asyncMutex);
}

/** Callback to handle a reply to a request for the targets the current clipboard holder can
    handle.  We are reading the host clipboard to make it available to the guest. */
00820 static void vboxClipboardTargetsProc(Widget, XtPointer pClientData, Atom * /* selection */,
                                     Atom *atomType, XtPointer pValue, long unsigned int *pcLen,
                                     int *piFormat)
{
    Atom *atomTargets = reinterpret_cast<Atom *>(pValue);
    unsigned cAtoms = *pcLen;
    g_eClipboardFormats eBestTarget = INVALID;
    Atom atomBestTarget = None;

    Log3 (("vboxClipboardTargetsProc called\n"));
    if (*atomType == XT_CONVERT_FAIL)
    {
        Log (("vboxClipboardTargetsProc: reading clipboard from host, X toolkit failed to convert the selection\n"));
        return;
    }
    /* We grab this mutex whenever an asynchronous clipboard operation completes and while
       disconnecting a client from the clipboard to stop these operations colliding. */
    RTSemMutexRequest(g_ctx.asyncMutex, RT_INDEFINITE_WAIT);
    if (reinterpret_cast<VBOXCLIPBOARDCLIENTDATA *>(pClientData) != g_ctx.pClient)
    {
        /* If the client is no longer connected, just return. */
        LogFlowFunc(("client is no longer connected, returning\n"));
        RTSemMutexRelease(g_ctx.asyncMutex);
        return;
    }

    for (unsigned i = 0; i < cAtoms; ++i)
    {
        for (unsigned j = 0; j != g_ctx.formatList.size(); ++j)
            if (g_ctx.formatList[j].atom == atomTargets[i])
            {
                if (eBestTarget < g_ctx.formatList[j].format)
                {
                    eBestTarget = g_ctx.formatList[j].format;
                    atomBestTarget = g_ctx.formatList[j].atom;
                }
                break;
            }
#ifdef DEBUG
        char *szAtomName = XGetAtomName(XtDisplay(g_ctx.widget), atomTargets[i]);
        if (szAtomName != 0)
        {
            Log3 (("vboxClipboardTargetsProc: the host offers target %s\n", szAtomName));
            XFree(szAtomName);
        }
#endif
    }
    g_ctx.atomHostTextFormat = atomBestTarget;
    if ((eBestTarget != g_ctx.hostTextFormat) || (g_ctx.notifyGuest == true))
    {
        uint32_t u32Formats = 0;
#ifdef DEBUG
        if (atomBestTarget != None)
        {
            char *szAtomName = XGetAtomName(XtDisplay(g_ctx.widget), atomBestTarget);
            Log2 (("vboxClipboardTargetsProc: switching to host text target %s.  Available targets are:\n",
                   szAtomName));
            XFree(szAtomName);
        }
        else
        {
            Log2(("vboxClipboardTargetsProc: no supported host text target found.  Available targets are:\n"));
        }
        for (unsigned i = 0; i < cAtoms; ++i)
        {
            char *szAtomName = XGetAtomName(XtDisplay(g_ctx.widget), atomTargets[i]);
            if (szAtomName != 0)
            {
                Log2 (("vboxClipboardTargetsProc:     %s\n", szAtomName));
                XFree(szAtomName);
            }
        }
#endif
        g_ctx.hostTextFormat = eBestTarget;
        if (eBestTarget != INVALID)
            u32Formats |= VBOX_SHARED_CLIPBOARD_FMT_UNICODETEXT;
        vboxSvcClipboardReportMsg (g_ctx.pClient, VBOX_SHARED_CLIPBOARD_HOST_MSG_FORMATS,
                                   u32Formats);
        g_ctx.notifyGuest = false;
    }
    XtFree(reinterpret_cast<char *>(pValue));
    RTSemMutexRelease(g_ctx.asyncMutex);
}

/**
 * This callback is called every 200ms to check the contents of the host clipboard.
 */
00907 static void vboxClipboardTimerProc(XtPointer /* pUserData */, XtIntervalId * /* hTimerId */)
{
    Log3 (("vboxClipboardTimerProc called\n"));
    /* Get the current clipboard contents */
    if (g_ctx.eOwner == HOST && g_ctx.pClient != 0)
    {
        Log3 (("vboxClipboardTimerProc: requesting the targets that the host clipboard offers\n"));
        XtGetSelectionValue(g_ctx.widget, g_ctx.atomClipboard, g_ctx.atomTargets,
                            vboxClipboardTargetsProc, reinterpret_cast<XtPointer>(g_ctx.pClient),
                            CurrentTime);
    }
    /* Re-arm our timer */
    XtAppAddTimeOut(g_ctx.appContext, 200 /* ms */, vboxClipboardTimerProc, 0);
}

/** We store information about the target formats we can handle in a global vector for internal
    use. */
00924 static void vboxClipboardAddFormat(const char *pszName, g_eClipboardFormats eFormat,
                                   unsigned guestFormat)
{
    VBOXCLIPBOARDFORMAT sFormat;
    /* Get an atom from the X server for that target format */
    Atom atomFormat = XInternAtom(XtDisplay(g_ctx.widget), pszName, false);
    sFormat.atom   = atomFormat;
    sFormat.format = eFormat;
    sFormat.guestFormat = guestFormat;
    g_ctx.formatList.push_back(sFormat);
    LogFlow (("vboxClipboardAddFormat: added format %s (%d)\n", pszName, eFormat));
}

/**
 * The main loop of our clipboard reader.
 */
00940 static int vboxClipboardThread(RTTHREAD self, void * /* pvUser */)
{
    /* Create a window and make it a clipboard viewer. */
    int cArgc = 0;
    char *pcArgv = 0;
    int rc = VINF_SUCCESS;
    String szFallbackResources[] = { (char*)"*.width: 1", (char*)"*.height: 1", 0 };
    Display *pDisplay;
    LogRel (("vboxClipboardThread: starting clipboard thread\n"));

    /* Make sure we are thread safe */
    XtToolkitThreadInitialize();
    /* Set up the Clipbard application context and main window.  We call all these functions
       directly instead of calling XtOpenApplication() so that we can fail gracefully if we
       can't get an X11 display. */
    XtToolkitInitialize();
    g_ctx.appContext = XtCreateApplicationContext();
    XtAppSetFallbackResources(g_ctx.appContext, szFallbackResources);
    pDisplay = XtOpenDisplay(g_ctx.appContext, 0, 0, "VBoxClipboard", 0, 0, &cArgc, &pcArgv);
    if (pDisplay == 0)
    {
        LogRel(("vboxClipboardThread: failed to connect to the host clipboard - the window system may not be running.\n"));
        return VERR_NOT_SUPPORTED;
    }
    g_ctx.widget = XtAppCreateShell(0, "VBoxClipboard", applicationShellWidgetClass, pDisplay,
                                    0, 0);
    if (g_ctx.widget == 0)
    {
        LogRel(("vboxClipboardThread: failed to construct the X11 window for the clipboard manager.\n"));
        AssertReturn(g_ctx.widget != 0, VERR_ACCESS_DENIED);
    }
    RTThreadUserSignal(self);
    XtSetMappedWhenManaged(g_ctx.widget, false);
    XtRealizeWidget(g_ctx.widget);

    /* Get hold of the atoms which we need */
    g_ctx.atomClipboard = XInternAtom(XtDisplay(g_ctx.widget), "CLIPBOARD", false /* only_if_exists */);
    g_ctx.atomTargets   = XInternAtom(XtDisplay(g_ctx.widget), "TARGETS",   false);
    g_ctx.atomMultiple  = XInternAtom(XtDisplay(g_ctx.widget), "MULTIPLE",  false);
    g_ctx.atomTimestamp = XInternAtom(XtDisplay(g_ctx.widget), "TIMESTAMP", false);
    g_ctx.atomUtf16     = XInternAtom(XtDisplay(g_ctx.widget),
                                      "text/plain;charset=ISO-10646-UCS-2", false);
    g_ctx.atomUtf8      = XInternAtom(XtDisplay(g_ctx.widget), "UTF_STRING", false);
    /* And build up the vector of supported formats */
    g_ctx.atomCText     = XInternAtom(XtDisplay(g_ctx.widget), "COMPOUND_TEXT", false);
    /* And build up the vector of supported formats */
#ifdef USE_UTF16
    vboxClipboardAddFormat("text/plain;charset=ISO-10646-UCS-2", UTF16,
                           VBOX_SHARED_CLIPBOARD_FMT_UNICODETEXT);
#endif
#ifdef USE_UTF8
    vboxClipboardAddFormat("UTF8_STRING", UTF8,
                           VBOX_SHARED_CLIPBOARD_FMT_UNICODETEXT);
    vboxClipboardAddFormat("text/plain;charset=UTF-8", UTF8,
                           VBOX_SHARED_CLIPBOARD_FMT_UNICODETEXT);
    vboxClipboardAddFormat("text/plain;charset=utf-8", UTF8,
                           VBOX_SHARED_CLIPBOARD_FMT_UNICODETEXT);
    vboxClipboardAddFormat("STRING", UTF8,
                           VBOX_SHARED_CLIPBOARD_FMT_UNICODETEXT);
    vboxClipboardAddFormat("TEXT", UTF8,
                           VBOX_SHARED_CLIPBOARD_FMT_UNICODETEXT);
    vboxClipboardAddFormat("text/plain", UTF8,
                           VBOX_SHARED_CLIPBOARD_FMT_UNICODETEXT);
#endif
#ifdef USE_CTEXT
    vboxClipboardAddFormat("COMPOUND_TEXT", CTEXT,
                           VBOX_SHARED_CLIPBOARD_FMT_UNICODETEXT);
#endif

    /* Set up a timer to poll the host clipboard */
    XtAppAddTimeOut(g_ctx.appContext, 200 /* ms */, vboxClipboardTimerProc, 0);

    XtAppMainLoop(g_ctx.appContext);
    g_ctx.formatList.clear();
    RTSemEventDestroy(g_ctx.waitForData);
    RTSemMutexDestroy(g_ctx.asyncMutex);
    XtCloseDisplay(pDisplay);
    LogRel (("vboxClipboardThread: clipboard thread terminated successfully with return code %Vrc\n", rc));
    return rc;
}

/** Initialise the host side of the shared clipboard - called by the hgcm layer. */
01022 int vboxClipboardInit (void)
{
    int rc;

    LogRel(("vboxClipboardInit: initializing host clipboard\n"));
    RTSemEventCreate(&g_ctx.waitForData);
    RTSemMutexCreate(&g_ctx.asyncMutex);
    rc = RTThreadCreate(&g_ctx.thread, vboxClipboardThread, 0, 0, RTTHREADTYPE_IO,
                        RTTHREADFLAGS_WAITABLE, "SHCLIP");
    if (RT_FAILURE(rc))
    {
        LogRel(("vboxClipboardInit: failed to create the clipboard thread.\n"));
        AssertRCReturn(rc, rc);
    }
    return RTThreadUserWait(g_ctx.thread, 1000);
}

/** Terminate the host side of the shared clipboard - called by the hgcm layer. */
01040 void vboxClipboardDestroy (void)
{
    LogRel(("vboxClipboardDestroy: shutting down host clipboard\n"));
    int rc, rcThread;
    XEvent ev;

    /* Set the termination flag. */
    XtAppSetExitFlag(g_ctx.appContext);
    /* Wake up the event loop */
    memset(&ev, 0, sizeof(ev));
    ev.xclient.type = ClientMessage;
    ev.xclient.format = 8;
    XSendEvent(XtDisplay(g_ctx.widget), XtWindow(g_ctx.widget), false, 0, &ev);
    rc = RTThreadWait(g_ctx.thread, 2000, &rcThread);
    AssertRC(rc);
    AssertRC(rcThread);
    LogFlowFunc(("returning.\n"));
}

/**
  * Enable the shared clipboard - called by the hgcm clipboard subsystem.
  *
  * @param   pClient Structure containing context information about the guest system
  * @returns RT status code
  */
01065 int vboxClipboardConnect (VBOXCLIPBOARDCLIENTDATA *pClient)
{
    LogFlow(("vboxClipboardConnect\n"));

    /* Only one client is supported for now */
    if (g_ctx.pClient != 0)
    {
        LogRel(("vboxClipboardConnect: attempted to connect, but a client appears to be already running.\n"));
        AssertReturn(g_ctx.pClient == 0, VERR_NOT_SUPPORTED);
    }

    pClient->pCtx = &g_ctx;
    pClient->pCtx->pClient = pClient;
    g_ctx.eOwner = HOST;
    g_ctx.notifyGuest = true;
    return VINF_SUCCESS;
}

/**
 * Synchronise the contents of the host clipboard with the guest, called by the HGCM layer
 * after a save and restore of the guest.
 */
01087 int vboxClipboardSync (VBOXCLIPBOARDCLIENTDATA *pClient)
{
    /* On a Linux host, the guest should never synchronise/cache its clipboard contents, as
       we have no way of reliably telling when the host clipboard data changes.  So instead
       of synchronising, we tell the guest to empty its clipboard, and we set the cached
       flag so that we report formats to the guest next time we poll for them. */
    vboxSvcClipboardReportMsg (g_ctx.pClient, VBOX_SHARED_CLIPBOARD_HOST_MSG_FORMATS, 0);
    g_ctx.notifyGuest = true;

    return VINF_SUCCESS;
}

/**
 * Shut down the shared clipboard subsystem and "disconnect" the guest.
 */
01102 void vboxClipboardDisconnect (VBOXCLIPBOARDCLIENTDATA *pClient)
{
    LogFlow(("vboxClipboardDisconnect\n"));

    RTSemMutexRequest(g_ctx.asyncMutex, RT_INDEFINITE_WAIT);
    g_ctx.pClient = NULL;
    g_ctx.eOwner = NONE;
    g_ctx.hostTextFormat = INVALID;
    g_ctx.hostBitmapFormat = INVALID;
    RTSemMutexRelease(g_ctx.asyncMutex);
}

/**
 * Satisfy a request from the host for available clipboard targets.
 *
 * @returns true if we successfully convert the data to the format requested, false otherwise.
 *
 * @param atomTypeReturn The type of the data we are returning
 * @param pValReturn     A pointer to the data we are returning.  This should be to memory
 *                       allocated by XtMalloc, which will be freed by the toolkit later
 * @param pcLenReturn    The length of the data we are returning
 * @param piFormatReturn The format (8bit, 16bit, 32bit) of the data we are returning
 */
01125 static Boolean vboxClipboardConvertTargets(Atom *atomTypeReturn, XtPointer *pValReturn,
                                           unsigned long *pcLenReturn, int *piFormatReturn)
{
    unsigned uListSize = g_ctx.formatList.size();
    Atom *atomTargets = reinterpret_cast<Atom *>(XtMalloc((uListSize + 3) * sizeof(Atom)));
    unsigned cTargets = 0;

    LogFlow (("vboxClipboardConvertTargets called\n"));
    for (unsigned i = 0; i < uListSize; ++i)
    {
        if (   ((g_ctx.guestFormats & VBOX_SHARED_CLIPBOARD_FMT_UNICODETEXT) != 0)
            && (g_ctx.formatList[i].guestFormat == VBOX_SHARED_CLIPBOARD_FMT_UNICODETEXT))
        {
            atomTargets[cTargets] = g_ctx.formatList[i].atom;
            ++cTargets;
        }
    }
    atomTargets[cTargets] = g_ctx.atomTargets;
    atomTargets[cTargets + 1] = g_ctx.atomMultiple;
    atomTargets[cTargets + 2] = g_ctx.atomTimestamp;
#ifdef DEBUG
    for (unsigned i = 0; i < cTargets + 3; i++)
    {
        char *szAtomName = XGetAtomName(XtDisplay(g_ctx.widget), atomTargets[i]);
        if (szAtomName != 0)
        {
            Log2 (("vboxClipboardConvertTargets: returning target %s\n", szAtomName));
            XFree(szAtomName);
        }
        else
        {
            Log(("vboxClipboardConvertTargets: invalid atom %d in the list!\n", atomTargets[i]));
        }
    }
#endif
    *atomTypeReturn = XA_ATOM;
    *pValReturn = reinterpret_cast<XtPointer>(atomTargets);
    *pcLenReturn = cTargets + 3;
    *piFormatReturn = 32;
    return true;
}

/**
 * Reset the contents of the buffer used to pass clipboard data from the guest to the host.
 * This must be done after every clipboard transfer.
 */
01171 static void vboxClipboardEmptyGuestBuffer(void)
{
    if (g_ctx.pClient->data.pv != 0)
        RTMemFree(g_ctx.pClient->data.pv);
    g_ctx.pClient->data.pv = 0;
    g_ctx.pClient->data.cb = 0;
    g_ctx.pClient->data.u32Format = 0;
}

/**
 * Satisfy a request from the host to convert the clipboard text to Utf16.  We return non-zero
 * terminated text.
 *
 * @returns true if we successfully convert the data to the format requested, false otherwise.
 *
 * @retval atomTypeReturn The type of the data we are returning
 * @retval pValReturn     A pointer to the data we are returning.  This should be to memory
 *                       allocated by XtMalloc, which will be freed by the toolkit later
 * @retval pcLenReturn    The length of the data we are returning
 * @retval piFormatReturn The format (8bit, 16bit, 32bit) of the data we are returning
 */
01192 static Boolean vboxClipboardConvertUtf16(Atom *atomTypeReturn, XtPointer *pValReturn,
                                         unsigned long *pcLenReturn, int *piFormatReturn)
{
    PRTUTF16 pu16SrcText, pu16DestText;
    size_t cwSrcLen, cwDestLen;
    int rc;

    LogFlowFunc (("called\n"));
    rc = vboxClipboardReadDataFromClient(&g_ctx, VBOX_SHARED_CLIPBOARD_FMT_UNICODETEXT);
    if ((rc != VINF_SUCCESS) || (g_ctx.pClient->data.cb == 0))
    {
        LogRel (("vboxClipboardConvertUtf16: vboxClipboardReadDataFromClient returned %Vrc, %d bytes of data\n", rc, g_ctx.pClient->data.cb));
        vboxClipboardEmptyGuestBuffer();
        return false;
    }
    pu16SrcText = reinterpret_cast<PRTUTF16>(g_ctx.pClient->data.pv);
    cwSrcLen = g_ctx.pClient->data.cb / 2;
    /* How long will the converted text be? */
    rc = vboxClipboardUtf16GetLinSize(pu16SrcText, cwSrcLen, &cwDestLen);
    if (RT_FAILURE(rc))
    {
        LogRel(("vboxClipboardConvertUtf16: clipboard conversion failed.  vboxClipboardUtf16GetLinSize returned %Vrc.  Abandoning.\n", rc));
        vboxClipboardEmptyGuestBuffer();
        AssertRCReturn(rc, false);
    }
    if (cwDestLen == 0)
    {
        LogFlowFunc(("received empty clipboard data from the guest, returning false.\n"));
        vboxClipboardEmptyGuestBuffer();
        return false;
    }
    pu16DestText = reinterpret_cast<PRTUTF16>(XtMalloc(cwDestLen * 2));
    if (pu16DestText == 0)
    {
        LogRel (("vboxClipboardConvertUtf16: failed to allocate %d bytes\n", cwDestLen * 2));
        vboxClipboardEmptyGuestBuffer();
        return false;
    }
    /* Convert the text. */
    rc = vboxClipboardUtf16WinToLin(pu16SrcText, cwSrcLen, pu16DestText, cwDestLen);
    if (RT_FAILURE(rc))
    {
        LogRel(("vboxClipboardConvertUtf16: clipboard conversion failed.  vboxClipboardUtf16WinToLin returned %Vrc.  Abandoning.\n", rc));
        XtFree(reinterpret_cast<char *>(pu16DestText));
        vboxClipboardEmptyGuestBuffer();
        return false;
    }
    LogFlowFunc (("converted string is %.*ls. Returning.\n", cwDestLen, pu16DestText));
    vboxClipboardEmptyGuestBuffer();
    *atomTypeReturn = g_ctx.atomUtf16;
    *pValReturn = reinterpret_cast<XtPointer>(pu16DestText);
    *pcLenReturn = cwDestLen;
    *piFormatReturn = 16;
    return true;
}

/**
 * Satisfy a request from the host to convert the clipboard text to Utf8.
 *
 * @returns true if we successfully convert the data to the format requested, false otherwise.
 *
 * @param atomTypeReturn The type of the data we are returning
 * @param pValReturn     A pointer to the data we are returning.  This should be to memory
 *                       allocated by XtMalloc, which will be freed by the toolkit later
 * @param pcLenReturn    The length of the data we are returning
 * @param piFormatReturn The format (8bit, 16bit, 32bit) of the data we are returning
 */
01259 static Boolean vboxClipboardConvertUtf8(Atom *atomTypeReturn, XtPointer *pValReturn,
                                        unsigned long *pcLenReturn, int *piFormatReturn)
{
    PRTUTF16 pu16SrcText, pu16DestText;
    char *pu8DestText;
    size_t cwSrcLen, cwDestLen, cbDestLen;
    int rc;

    LogFlowFunc (("called\n"));
    /* Read the clipboard data from the guest. */
    rc = vboxClipboardReadDataFromClient(&g_ctx, VBOX_SHARED_CLIPBOARD_FMT_UNICODETEXT);
    if ((rc != VINF_SUCCESS) || (g_ctx.pClient->data.cb == 0))
    {
        LogRel (("vboxClipboardConvertUtf8: vboxClipboardReadDataFromClient returned %Vrc, %d bytes of data\n", rc, g_ctx.pClient->data.cb));
        vboxClipboardEmptyGuestBuffer();
        return false;
    }
    pu16SrcText = reinterpret_cast<PRTUTF16>(g_ctx.pClient->data.pv);
    cwSrcLen = g_ctx.pClient->data.cb / 2;
    /* How long will the converted text be? */
    rc = vboxClipboardUtf16GetLinSize(pu16SrcText, cwSrcLen, &cwDestLen);
    if (RT_FAILURE(rc))
    {
        LogRel(("vboxClipboardConvertUtf8: clipboard conversion failed.  vboxClipboardUtf16GetLinSize returned %Vrc.  Abandoning.\n", rc));
        vboxClipboardEmptyGuestBuffer();
        AssertRCReturn(rc, false);
    }
    if (cwDestLen == 0)
    {
        LogFlowFunc(("received empty clipboard data from the guest, returning false.\n"));
        vboxClipboardEmptyGuestBuffer();
        return false;
    }
    pu16DestText = reinterpret_cast<PRTUTF16>(RTMemAlloc(cwDestLen * 2));
    if (pu16DestText == 0)
    {
        LogRel (("vboxClipboardConvertUtf8: failed to allocate %d bytes\n", cwDestLen * 2));
        vboxClipboardEmptyGuestBuffer();
        return false;
    }
    /* Convert the text. */
    rc = vboxClipboardUtf16WinToLin(pu16SrcText, cwSrcLen, pu16DestText, cwDestLen);
    if (RT_FAILURE(rc))
    {
        LogRel(("vboxClipboardConvertUtf8: clipboard conversion failed.  vboxClipboardUtf16WinToLin() returned %Vrc.  Abandoning.\n", rc));
        RTMemFree(reinterpret_cast<void *>(pu16DestText));
        vboxClipboardEmptyGuestBuffer();
        return rc;
    }
    /* Allocate as much space as the Utf16 string takes up, as RTUtf16ToUtf8Ex may fail if the
       space is too tightly calculated. */
    pu8DestText = XtMalloc(cwDestLen * 2);
    if (pu8DestText == 0)
    {
        LogRel (("vboxClipboardConvertUtf8: failed to allocate %d bytes\n", cwDestLen * 2));
        RTMemFree(reinterpret_cast<void *>(pu16DestText));
        vboxClipboardEmptyGuestBuffer();
        return false;
    }
    /* Convert the Utf16 string to Utf8. */
    rc = RTUtf16ToUtf8Ex(pu16DestText + 1, cwDestLen - 1, &pu8DestText, cwDestLen * 2,
                         &cbDestLen);
    RTMemFree(reinterpret_cast<void *>(pu16DestText));
    if (RT_FAILURE(rc))
    {
        LogRel(("vboxClipboardConvertUtf8: clipboard conversion failed.  RTUtf16ToUtf8Ex() returned %Vrc.  Abandoning.\n", rc));
        XtFree(pu8DestText);
        vboxClipboardEmptyGuestBuffer();
        return rc;
    }
    LogFlowFunc (("converted string is %.*s. Returning.\n", cbDestLen, pu8DestText));
    vboxClipboardEmptyGuestBuffer();
    *atomTypeReturn = g_ctx.atomUtf8;
    *pValReturn = reinterpret_cast<XtPointer>(pu8DestText);
    *pcLenReturn = cbDestLen;
    *piFormatReturn = 8;
    return true;
}

/**
 * Satisfy a request from the host to convert the clipboard text to COMPOUND_TEXT.
 *
 * @returns true if we successfully convert the data to the format requested, false otherwise.
 *
 * @param atomTypeReturn The type of the data we are returning
 * @param pValReturn     A pointer to the data we are returning.  This should be to memory
 *                       allocated by XtMalloc, which will be freed by the toolkit later
 * @param pcLenReturn    The length of the data we are returning
 * @param piFormatReturn The format (8bit, 16bit, 32bit) of the data we are returning
 */
01349 static Boolean vboxClipboardConvertCText(Atom *atomTypeReturn, XtPointer *pValReturn,
                                         unsigned long *pcLenReturn, int *piFormatReturn)
{
    PRTUTF16 pu16SrcText, pu16DestText;
    char *pu8DestText = 0;
    size_t cwSrcLen, cwDestLen, cbDestLen;
    XTextProperty property;
    int rc;

    LogFlowFunc (("called\n"));
    /* Read the clipboard data from the guest. */
    rc = vboxClipboardReadDataFromClient(&g_ctx, VBOX_SHARED_CLIPBOARD_FMT_UNICODETEXT);
    if ((rc != VINF_SUCCESS) || (g_ctx.pClient->data.cb == 0))
    {
        LogRel (("vboxClipboardConvertCText: vboxClipboardReadDataFromClient returned %Vrc, %d bytes of data\n", rc, g_ctx.pClient->data.cb));
        vboxClipboardEmptyGuestBuffer();
        return false;
    }
    pu16SrcText = reinterpret_cast<PRTUTF16>(g_ctx.pClient->data.pv);
    cwSrcLen = g_ctx.pClient->data.cb / 2;
    /* How long will the converted text be? */
    rc = vboxClipboardUtf16GetLinSize(pu16SrcText, cwSrcLen, &cwDestLen);
    if (RT_FAILURE(rc))
    {
        LogRel(("vboxClipboardConvertCText: clipboard conversion failed.  vboxClipboardUtf16GetLinSize returned %Vrc.  Abandoning.\n", rc));
        vboxClipboardEmptyGuestBuffer();
        AssertRCReturn(rc, false);
    }
    if (cwDestLen == 0)
    {
        LogFlowFunc(("received empty clipboard data from the guest, returning false.\n"));
        vboxClipboardEmptyGuestBuffer();
        return false;
    }
    pu16DestText = reinterpret_cast<PRTUTF16>(RTMemAlloc(cwDestLen * 2));
    if (pu16DestText == 0)
    {
        LogRel (("vboxClipboardConvertCText: failed to allocate %d bytes\n", cwDestLen * 2));
        vboxClipboardEmptyGuestBuffer();
        return false;
    }
    /* Convert the text. */
    rc = vboxClipboardUtf16WinToLin(pu16SrcText, cwSrcLen, pu16DestText, cwDestLen);
    if (RT_FAILURE(rc))
    {
        LogRel(("vboxClipboardConvertCText: clipboard conversion failed.  vboxClipboardUtf16WinToLin() returned %Vrc.  Abandoning.\n", rc));
        RTMemFree(reinterpret_cast<void *>(pu16DestText));
        vboxClipboardEmptyGuestBuffer();
        return false;
    }
    /* Convert the Utf16 string to Utf8. */
    rc = RTUtf16ToUtf8Ex(pu16DestText + 1, cwDestLen - 1, &pu8DestText, 0, &cbDestLen);
    RTMemFree(reinterpret_cast<void *>(pu16DestText));
    if (RT_FAILURE(rc))
    {
        LogRel(("vboxClipboardConvertCText: clipboard conversion failed.  RTUtf16ToUtf8Ex() returned %Vrc.  Abandoning.\n", rc));
        vboxClipboardEmptyGuestBuffer();
        return false;
    }
    /* And finally (!) convert the Utf8 text to compound text. */
    rc = Xutf8TextListToTextProperty(XtDisplay(g_ctx.widget), &pu8DestText, 1,
                                     XCompoundTextStyle, &property);
    RTMemFree(pu8DestText);
    if (rc < 0)
    {
        const char *pcReason;
        switch(rc)
        {
        case XNoMemory:
            pcReason = "out of memory";
            break;
        case XLocaleNotSupported:
            pcReason = "locale (Utf8) not supported";
            break;
        case XConverterNotFound:
            pcReason = "converter not found";
            break;
        default:
            pcReason = "unknown error";
        }
        LogRel(("vboxClipboardConvertCText: Xutf8TextListToTextProperty failed.  Reason: %s\n",
                pcReason));
        XFree(property.value);
        vboxClipboardEmptyGuestBuffer();
        return false;
    }
    LogFlowFunc (("converted string is %s. Returning.\n", property.value));
    vboxClipboardEmptyGuestBuffer();
    *atomTypeReturn = property.encoding;
    *pValReturn = reinterpret_cast<XtPointer>(property.value);
    *pcLenReturn = property.nitems;
    *piFormatReturn = property.format;
    return true;
}

/**
 * Callback to convert the guests clipboard data for an application on the host.  Called by the
 * X Toolkit.
 * @returns true if we successfully convert the data to the format requested, false otherwise.
 *
 * @param atomSelection  The selection which is being requested.  We only handle the clipboard.
 * @param atomTarget     The format we should convert the data to
 * @param atomTypeReturn The type of the data we are returning
 * @param pValReturn     A pointer to the data we are returning.  This should be to memory
 *                       allocated by XtMalloc, which will be freed by the toolkit later
 * @param pcLenReturn    The length of the data we are returning
 * @param piFormatReturn The format (8bit, 16bit, 32bit) of the data we are returning
 */
01457 static Boolean vboxClipboardConvertProc(Widget, Atom *atomSelection, Atom *atomTarget,
                                        Atom *atomTypeReturn, XtPointer *pValReturn,
                                        unsigned long *pcLenReturn, int *piFormatReturn)
{
    g_eClipboardFormats eFormat = INVALID;

    LogFlowFunc(("\n"));
    if (*atomSelection != g_ctx.atomClipboard)
    {
        LogFlowFunc(("rc = false\n"));
        return false;
    }
#ifdef DEBUG
    char *szAtomName = XGetAtomName(XtDisplay(g_ctx.widget), *atomTarget);
    if (szAtomName != 0)
    {
        Log2 (("vboxClipboardConvertProc: request for format %s\n", szAtomName));
        XFree(szAtomName);
    }
    else
    {
        Log(("vboxClipboardConvertProc: request for invalid target atom %d!\n", *atomTarget));
    }
#endif
    if (*atomTarget == g_ctx.atomTargets)
    {
        eFormat = TARGETS;
    }
    else
    {
        for (unsigned i = 0; i != g_ctx.formatList.size(); ++i)
        {
            if (g_ctx.formatList[i].atom == *atomTarget)
            {
                eFormat = g_ctx.formatList[i].format;
                break;
            }
        }
    }
    switch (eFormat)
    {
    case TARGETS:
        return vboxClipboardConvertTargets(atomTypeReturn, pValReturn, pcLenReturn,
                                           piFormatReturn);
    case UTF16:
        return vboxClipboardConvertUtf16(atomTypeReturn, pValReturn, pcLenReturn,
                                         piFormatReturn);
    case UTF8:
        return vboxClipboardConvertUtf8(atomTypeReturn, pValReturn, pcLenReturn,
                                        piFormatReturn);
    case CTEXT:
        return vboxClipboardConvertCText(atomTypeReturn, pValReturn, pcLenReturn,
                                         piFormatReturn);
    default:
        Log(("vboxClipboardConvertProc: bad format\n"));
        return false;
    }
}

static void vboxClipboardLoseProc(Widget, Atom *)
{
    LogFlow (("vboxClipboardLoseProc: called, giving the host clipboard ownership\n"));
    g_ctx.eOwner = HOST;
    g_ctx.notifyGuest = true;
}

/**
 * The guest is taking possession of the shared clipboard.  Called by the HGCM clipboard
 * subsystem.
 *
 * @param pClient    Context data for the guest system
 * @param u32Formats Clipboard formats the the guest is offering
 */
01530 void vboxClipboardFormatAnnounce (VBOXCLIPBOARDCLIENTDATA *pClient, uint32_t u32Formats)
{
    pClient->pCtx->guestFormats = u32Formats;
    LogFlowFunc (("u32Formats=%d\n", u32Formats));
    if (u32Formats == 0)
    {
        /* This is just an automatism, not a genuine anouncement */
        LogFlowFunc(("returning\n"));
        return;
    }
    if (g_ctx.eOwner == GUEST)
    {
        /* We already own the clipboard, so no need to grab it, especially as that can lead
           to races due to the asynchronous nature of the X11 clipboard.  This event may also
           have been sent out by the guest to invalidate the Windows clipboard cache. */
        LogFlowFunc(("returning\n"));
        return;
    }
    Log2 (("vboxClipboardFormatAnnounce: giving the guest clipboard ownership\n"));
    g_ctx.eOwner = GUEST;
    g_ctx.hostTextFormat = INVALID;
    g_ctx.hostBitmapFormat = INVALID;
    if (XtOwnSelection(g_ctx.widget, g_ctx.atomClipboard, CurrentTime, vboxClipboardConvertProc,
                       vboxClipboardLoseProc, 0) != True)
    {
        Log2 (("vboxClipboardFormatAnnounce: returning clipboard ownership to the host\n"));
        /* We set this so that the guest gets notified when we take the clipboard, even if no
          guest formats are found which we understand. */
        g_ctx.notifyGuest = true;
        g_ctx.eOwner = HOST;
    }
    LogFlowFunc(("returning\n"));

}

/**
 * Called by the HGCM clipboard subsystem when the guest wants to read the host clipboard.
 *
 * @param pClient   Context information about the guest VM
 * @param u32Format The format that the guest would like to receive the data in
 * @param pv        Where to write the data to
 * @param cb        The size of the buffer to write the data to
 * @param pcbActual Where to write the actual size of the written data
 */
01574 int vboxClipboardReadData (VBOXCLIPBOARDCLIENTDATA *pClient, uint32_t u32Format, void *pv,
                           uint32_t cb, uint32_t *pcbActual)
{
    LogFlow(("vboxClipboardReadData: u32Format = %d, cb = %d\n", u32Format, cb));

    /*
     * The guest wants to read data in the given format.
     */
    if (u32Format & VBOX_SHARED_CLIPBOARD_FMT_UNICODETEXT)
    {
        if (g_ctx.hostTextFormat == INVALID)
        {
            /* No data available. */
            *pcbActual = 0;
            return VINF_SUCCESS;
        }
        /* Only one of the host and the guest should ever be waiting. */
        if (RT_FAILURE(ASMAtomicCmpXchgU32(&g_ctx.waiter, 1, 0)))
        {
            LogRel(("vboxClipboardReadData: detected a deadlock situation - the host and the guest are waiting for each other.\n"));
            return VERR_DEADLOCK;
        }
        g_ctx.requestHostFormat = g_ctx.hostTextFormat;
        g_ctx.requestBuffer = pv;
        g_ctx.requestBufferSize = cb;
        g_ctx.requestActualSize = pcbActual;
        /* Send out a request for the data to the current clipboard owner */
        XtGetSelectionValue(g_ctx.widget, g_ctx.atomClipboard, g_ctx.atomHostTextFormat,
                            vboxClipboardGetProc, reinterpret_cast<XtPointer>(g_ctx.pClient),
                            CurrentTime);
        /* When the data arrives, the vboxClipboardGetProc callback will be called.  The
           callback will signal the event semaphore when it has processed the data for us. */
        if (RTSemEventWait(g_ctx.waitForData, CLIPBOARDTIMEOUT) != VINF_SUCCESS)
        {
            LogRel (("vboxClipboardReadDataFromClient: XtGetSelectionValue failed to complete within %d milliseconds\n", CLIPBOARDTIMEOUT));
            g_ctx.hostTextFormat = INVALID;
            g_ctx.hostBitmapFormat = INVALID;
            g_ctx.waiter = 0;
            return VERR_TIMEOUT;
        }
        g_ctx.waiter = 0;
    }
    else
    {
        return VERR_NOT_IMPLEMENTED;
    }
    return VINF_SUCCESS;
}

/**
 * Called by the HGCM clipboard subsystem when we have requested data and that data arrives.
 *
 * @param pClient   Context information about the guest VM
 * @param pv        Buffer to which the data was written
 * @param cb        The size of the data written
 * @param u32Format The format of the data written
 */
01631 void vboxClipboardWriteData (VBOXCLIPBOARDCLIENTDATA *pClient, void *pv, uint32_t cb, uint32_t u32Format)
{
    LogFlow(("vboxClipboardWriteData\n"));

    /*
     * The guest returns data that was requested in the WM_RENDERFORMAT handler.
     */
    if (!(   pClient->data.pv == NULL
          && pClient->data.cb == 0
          && pClient->data.u32Format == 0))
    {
        LogRel(("vboxClipboardWriteData: clipboard data has arrived from the guest, but another transfer is in process or has not cleaned up properly.\n"));
        AssertMsgFailed(("vboxClipboardWriteData: clipboard data has arrived from the guest, but another transfer is in process or has not cleaned up properly.\n"));
    }

    if (cb > 0)
    {
        pClient->data.pv = RTMemAlloc (cb);

        if (pClient->data.pv)
        {
            memcpy (pClient->data.pv, pv, cb);
            pClient->data.cb = cb;
            pClient->data.u32Format = u32Format;
        }
    }

    RTSemEventSignal(g_ctx.waitForData);
}

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