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DevPcBios.cpp

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/* $Id: DevPcBios.cpp 4391 2007-08-27 17:12:05Z vboxsync $ */
/** @file
 * PC BIOS Device.
 */

/*
 * Copyright (C) 2006-2007 innotek GmbH
 *
 * This file is part of VirtualBox Open Source Edition (OSE), as
 * available from http://www.virtualbox.org. This file is free software;
 * you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU
 * General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation,
 * in version 2 as it comes in the "COPYING" file of the VirtualBox OSE
 * distribution. VirtualBox OSE is distributed in the hope that it will
 * be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY of any kind.
 */

/*******************************************************************************
*   Header Files                                                               *
*******************************************************************************/
#define LOG_GROUP LOG_GROUP_DEV_PC_BIOS
#include <VBox/pdmdev.h>
#include <VBox/mm.h>

#include <VBox/log.h>
#include <iprt/assert.h>
#include <iprt/alloc.h>
#include <iprt/file.h>
#include <iprt/string.h>
#include <VBox/err.h>

#include "Builtins.h"
#include "Builtins2.h"
#include "DevPcBios.h"


/*******************************************************************************
*   Structures and Typedefs                                                    *
*******************************************************************************/

/**
 * The boot device.
 */
00044 typedef enum DEVPCBIOSBOOT
{
    DEVPCBIOSBOOT_NONE,
    DEVPCBIOSBOOT_FLOPPY,
    DEVPCBIOSBOOT_HD,
    DEVPCBIOSBOOT_DVD,
    DEVPCBIOSBOOT_LAN
} DEVPCBIOSBOOT;

/**
 * PC Bios instance data structure.
 */
00056 typedef struct DEVPCBIOS
{
    /** Pointer back to the device instance. */
00059     PPDMDEVINS      pDevIns;

    /** Boot devices (ordered). */
00062     DEVPCBIOSBOOT   aenmBootDevice[4];
    /** Ram Size (in bytes). */
00064     uint64_t        cbRam;
    /** Bochs shutdown index. */
00066     uint32_t        iShutdown;
    /** Floppy device. */
00068     char           *pszFDDevice;
    /** Harddisk device. */
00070     char           *pszHDDevice;
    /** Bios message buffer. */
00072     char            szMsg[256];
    /** Bios message buffer index. */
00074     uint32_t        iMsg;
    /** Current logo data offset. */
00076     uint32_t        offLogoData;
    /** Use built-in or loaded logo. */
00078     bool            fDefaultLogo;
    /** The size of the BIOS logo data. */
00080     uint32_t        cbLogo;
    /** The BIOS logo data. */
00082     uint8_t        *pu8Logo;
    /** The name of the logo file. */
00084     char           *pszLogoFile;
    /** The LAN boot ROM data. */
00086     uint8_t        *pu8LanBoot;
    /** The name of the LAN boot ROM file. */
00088     char           *pszLanBootFile;
    /** The DMI tables. */
00090     uint8_t        au8DMIPage[0x1000];
    /** The boot countdown (in seconds). */
00092     uint8_t        uBootDelay;
    /** I/O-APIC enabled? */
00094     uint8_t        u8IOAPIC;
} DEVPCBIOS, *PDEVPCBIOS;


/** @todo The logo stuff shared with the BIOS goes into a header of course. */

/**
 * PC Bios logo data structure.
 */
#pragma pack(2) /* pack(2) is important! (seems that bios compiled with pack(2)...) */
typedef struct LOGOHDR
{
    /** Signature (LOGO_HDR_MAGIC/0x66BB). */
00107     uint16_t        u16Signature;
    /** Fade in - boolean. */
00109     uint8_t         u8FadeIn;
    /** Fade out - boolean. */
00111     uint8_t         u8FadeOut;
    /** Logo time (msec). */
00113     uint16_t        u16LogoMillies;
    /** Show setup - boolean. */
00115     uint8_t         u8ShowBootMenu;
    /** Logo file size. */
00117     uint32_t        cbLogo;
} LOGOHDR, *PLOGOHDR;
#pragma pack()

/** PC port for Logo I/O */
00122 #define LOGO_IO_PORT        0x506

/** The value of the LOGOHDR::u16Signature field. */
00125 #define LOGO_HDR_MAGIC      0x66BB

/** The value which will switch you the default logo. */
00128 #define LOGO_DEFAULT_LOGO   0xFFFF

/** The maximal logo size in bytes. (640x480x8bpp + header/palette) */
00131 #define LOGO_MAX_SIZE       640 * 480 + 0x442

#pragma pack(1)

/** DMI header */
00136 typedef struct DMIHDR
{
    uint8_t         u8Type;
    uint8_t         u8Length;
    uint16_t        u16Handle;
} *PDMIHDR;
AssertCompileSize(DMIHDR, 4);

/** DMI BIOS information */
00145 typedef struct DMIBIOSINF
{
    DMIHDR          header;
    uint8_t         u8Vendor;
    uint8_t         u8Version;
    uint16_t        u16Start;
    uint8_t         u8Release;
    uint8_t         u8ROMSize;
    uint64_t        u64Characteristics;
    uint8_t         u8CharacteristicsByte1;
    uint8_t         u8CharacteristicsByte2;
} *PDMIBIOSINF;
AssertCompileSize(DMIBIOSINF, 0x14);

/** DMI system information */
00160 typedef struct DMISYSTEMINF
{
    DMIHDR          header;
    uint8_t         u8Manufacturer;
    uint8_t         u8ProductName;
    uint8_t         u8Version;
    uint8_t         u8SerialNumber;
    uint8_t         au8Uuid[16];
    uint8_t         u8WakeupType;
    uint8_t         u8SKUNumber;
    uint8_t         u8Family;
} *PDMISYSTEMINF;
AssertCompileSize(DMISYSTEMINF, 0x1b);

/** MPS floating pointer structure */
00175 typedef struct MPSFLOATPTR
{
    uint8_t         au8Signature[4];
    uint32_t        u32MPSAddr;
    uint8_t         u8Length;
    uint8_t         u8SpecRev;
    uint8_t         u8Checksum;
    uint8_t         au8Feature[5];
} *PMPSFLOATPTR;
AssertCompileSize(MPSFLOATPTR, 16);

/** MPS config table header */
00187 typedef struct MPSCFGTBLHEADER
{
    uint8_t         au8Signature[4];
    uint16_t        u16Length;
    uint8_t         u8SpecRev;
    uint8_t         u8Checksum;
    uint8_t         au8OemId[8];
    uint8_t         au8ProductId[12];
    uint32_t        u32OemTablePtr;
    uint16_t        u16OemTableSize;
    uint16_t        u16EntryCount;
    uint32_t        u32AddrLocalApic;
    uint16_t        u16ExtTableLength;
    uint8_t         u8ExtTableChecksxum;
    uint8_t         u8Reserved;
} *PMPSCFGTBLHEADER;
AssertCompileSize(MPSCFGTBLHEADER, 0x2c);

/** MPS processor entry */
00206 typedef struct MPSPROCENTRY
{
    uint8_t         u8EntryType;
    uint8_t         u8LocalApicId;
    uint8_t         u8LocalApicVersion;
    uint8_t         u8CPUFlags;
    uint32_t        u32CPUSignature;
    uint32_t        u32CPUFeatureFlags;
    uint32_t        u32Reserved[2];
} *PMPSPROCENTRY;
AssertCompileSize(MPSPROCENTRY, 20);

/** MPS bus entry */
00219 typedef struct MPSBUSENTRY
{
    uint8_t         u8EntryType;
    uint8_t         u8BusId;
    uint8_t         au8BusTypeStr[6];
} *PMPSBUSENTRY;
AssertCompileSize(MPSBUSENTRY, 8);

/** MPS I/O-APIC entry */
00228 typedef struct MPSIOAPICENTRY
{
    uint8_t         u8EntryType;
    uint8_t         u8Id;
    uint8_t         u8Version;
    uint8_t         u8Flags;
    uint32_t        u32Addr;
} *PMPSIOAPICENTRY;
AssertCompileSize(MPSIOAPICENTRY, 8);

/** MPS I/O-Interrupt entry */
00239 typedef struct MPSIOINTERRUPTENTRY
{
    uint8_t         u8EntryType;
    uint8_t         u8Type;
    uint16_t        u16Flags;
    uint8_t         u8SrcBusId;
    uint8_t         u8SrcBusIrq;
    uint8_t         u8DstIOAPICId;
    uint8_t         u8DstIOAPICInt;
} *PMPSIOIRQENTRY;
AssertCompileSize(MPSIOINTERRUPTENTRY, 8);

#pragma pack()


/*******************************************************************************
*   Internal Functions                                                         *
*******************************************************************************/
__BEGIN_DECLS

static DECLCALLBACK(int) logoIOPortRead(PPDMDEVINS pDevIns, void *pvUser, RTIOPORT Port, uint32_t *pu32, unsigned cb);
static DECLCALLBACK(int) logoIOPortWrite(PPDMDEVINS pDevIns, void *pvUser, RTIOPORT Port, uint32_t u32, unsigned cb);

__END_DECLS


/**
 * Write to CMOS memory.
 * This is used by the init complete code.
 */
00269 static void pcbiosCmosWrite(PPDMDEVINS pDevIns, int off, uint32_t u32Val)
{
    Assert(off < 128);
    Assert(u32Val < 256);

#if 1
    int rc = PDMDevHlpCMOSWrite(pDevIns, off, u32Val);
    AssertRC(rc);
#else
    PVM pVM = PDMDevHlpGetVM(pDevIns);
    IOMIOPortWrite(pVM, 0x70, off, 1);
    IOMIOPortWrite(pVM, 0x71, u32Val, 1);
    IOMIOPortWrite(pVM, 0x70, 0, 1);
#endif
}

/* -=-=-=-=-=-=- based on code from pc.c -=-=-=-=-=-=- */

/**
 * Initializes the CMOS data for one harddisk.
 */
00290 static void pcbiosCmosInitHardDisk(PPDMDEVINS pDevIns, int offType, int offInfo, PPDMIBLOCKBIOS pBlockBios)
{
    if (    pBlockBios->pfnGetType(pBlockBios) == PDMBLOCKTYPE_HARD_DISK
        &&  pBlockBios->pfnIsVisible(pBlockBios))
    {
        uint32_t    cCylinders;
        uint32_t    cHeads;
        uint32_t    cSectors;
        int rc = pBlockBios->pfnGetGeometry(pBlockBios, &cCylinders, &cHeads, &cSectors);
        if (VBOX_SUCCESS(rc))
        {
            Log2(("pcbiosCmosInitHardDisk: offInfo=%#x: CHS=%d/%d/%d\n", offInfo, cCylinders, cHeads, cSectors));
            pcbiosCmosWrite(pDevIns, offType, 47);                              /* 19h - First Extended Hard Disk Drive Type */
            pcbiosCmosWrite(pDevIns, offInfo + 0, RT_MIN(cCylinders, 16383) & 0xff); /* 1Bh - (AMI) First Hard Disk (type 47) user defined: # of Cylinders, LSB */
            pcbiosCmosWrite(pDevIns, offInfo + 1, RT_MIN(cCylinders, 16383) >> 8); /* 1Ch - (AMI) First Hard Disk user defined: # of Cylinders, High Byte */
            pcbiosCmosWrite(pDevIns, offInfo + 2, cHeads);                      /* 1Dh - (AMI) First Hard Disk user defined: Number of Heads */
            pcbiosCmosWrite(pDevIns, offInfo + 3, 0xff);                        /* 1Eh - (AMI) First Hard Disk user defined: Write Precompensation Cylinder, Low Byte */
            pcbiosCmosWrite(pDevIns, offInfo + 4, 0xff);                        /* 1Fh - (AMI) First Hard Disk user defined: Write Precompensation Cylinder, High Byte */
            pcbiosCmosWrite(pDevIns, offInfo + 5, 0xc0 | ((cHeads > 8) << 3));  /* 20h - (AMI) First Hard Disk user defined: Control Byte */
            pcbiosCmosWrite(pDevIns, offInfo + 6, 0xff);                        /* 21h - (AMI) First Hard Disk user defined: Landing Zone, Low Byte */
            pcbiosCmosWrite(pDevIns, offInfo + 7, 0xff);                        /* 22h - (AMI) First Hard Disk user defined: Landing Zone, High Byte */
            pcbiosCmosWrite(pDevIns, offInfo + 8, cSectors);                    /* 23h - (AMI) First Hard Disk user defined: # of Sectors per track */
            return;
        }
    }
    pcbiosCmosWrite(pDevIns, offType, 0);
}


/**
 * Get BIOS boot code from enmBootDevice in order
 *
 * @todo r=bird: This is a rather silly function since the conversion is 1:1.
 */
00324 static uint8_t getBiosBootCode(PDEVPCBIOS pData, unsigned iOrder)
{
    switch (pData->aenmBootDevice[iOrder])
    {
        case DEVPCBIOSBOOT_NONE:
            return 0;
        case DEVPCBIOSBOOT_FLOPPY:
            return 1;
        case DEVPCBIOSBOOT_HD:
            return 2;
        case DEVPCBIOSBOOT_DVD:
            return 3;
        case DEVPCBIOSBOOT_LAN:
            return 4;
        default:
            AssertMsgFailed(("aenmBootDevice[%d]=%d\n", iOrder, pData->aenmBootDevice[iOrder]));
            return 0;
    }
}


/**
 * Init complete notification.
 * This routine will write information needed by the bios to the CMOS.
 *
 * @returns VBOX status code.
 * @param   pDevIns     The device instance.
 * @see     http://www.brl.ntt.co.jp/people/takehiko/interrupt/CMOS.LST.txt for
 *          a description of standard and non-standard CMOS registers.
 */
static DECLCALLBACK(int) pcbiosInitComplete(PPDMDEVINS pDevIns)
{
    PDEVPCBIOS      pData = PDMINS2DATA(pDevIns, PDEVPCBIOS);
    uint32_t        u32;
    unsigned        i;
    PVM             pVM = PDMDevHlpGetVM(pDevIns);
    PPDMIBLOCKBIOS  apHDs[4] = {0};
    PPDMIBLOCKBIOS  apFDs[2] = {0};
    AssertRelease(pVM);
    LogFlow(("pcbiosInitComplete:\n"));

    /*
     * Memory sizes.
     */
    /* base memory. */
    u32 = pData->cbRam > 640 ? 640 : (uint32_t)pData->cbRam / _1K;
    pcbiosCmosWrite(pDevIns, 0x15, u32 & 0xff);                                 /* 15h - Base Memory in K, Low Byte */
    pcbiosCmosWrite(pDevIns, 0x16, u32 >> 8);                                   /* 16h - Base Memory in K, High Byte */

    /* Extended memory, up to 65MB */
    u32 = pData->cbRam >= 65 * _1M ? 0xffff : ((uint32_t)pData->cbRam - _1M) / _1K;
    pcbiosCmosWrite(pDevIns, 0x17, u32 & 0xff);                                 /* 17h - Extended Memory in K, Low Byte */
    pcbiosCmosWrite(pDevIns, 0x18, u32 >> 8);                                   /* 18h - Extended Memory in K, High Byte */
    pcbiosCmosWrite(pDevIns, 0x30, u32 & 0xff);                                 /* 30h - Extended Memory in K, Low Byte */
    pcbiosCmosWrite(pDevIns, 0x31, u32 >> 8);                                   /* 31h - Extended Memory in K, High Byte */

    /* Bochs BIOS specific? Anyway, it's the amount of memory above 16MB */
    if (pData->cbRam > 16 * _1M)
    {
        u32 = (uint32_t)( (pData->cbRam - 16 * _1M) / _64K );
        u32 = RT_MIN(u32, 0xffff);
    }
    else
        u32 = 0;
    pcbiosCmosWrite(pDevIns, 0x34, u32 & 0xff);
    pcbiosCmosWrite(pDevIns, 0x35, u32 >> 8);

    /*
     * Bochs BIOS specifics - boot device.
     * We do both new and old (ami-style) settings.
     * See rombios.c line ~7215 (int19_function).
     */

    uint8_t reg3d = getBiosBootCode(pData, 0) | (getBiosBootCode(pData, 1) << 4);
    uint8_t reg38 = /* pcbiosCmosRead(pDevIns, 0x38) | */ getBiosBootCode(pData, 2) << 4;
    /* This is an extension. Bochs BIOS normally supports only 3 boot devices. */
    uint8_t reg3c = getBiosBootCode(pData, 3) | (pData->uBootDelay << 4);
    pcbiosCmosWrite(pDevIns, 0x3d, reg3d);
    pcbiosCmosWrite(pDevIns, 0x38, reg38);
    pcbiosCmosWrite(pDevIns, 0x3c, reg3c);

    /*
     * Floppy drive type.
     */
    for (i = 0; i < ELEMENTS(apFDs); i++)
    {
        PPDMIBASE pBase;
        int rc = PDMR3QueryLun(pVM, pData->pszFDDevice, 0, i, &pBase);
        if (VBOX_SUCCESS(rc))
            apFDs[i] = (PPDMIBLOCKBIOS)pBase->pfnQueryInterface(pBase, PDMINTERFACE_BLOCK_BIOS);
    }
    u32 = 0;
    if (apFDs[0])
        switch (apFDs[0]->pfnGetType(apFDs[0]))
        {
            case PDMBLOCKTYPE_FLOPPY_360:   u32 |= 1 << 4; break;
            case PDMBLOCKTYPE_FLOPPY_1_20:  u32 |= 2 << 4; break;
            case PDMBLOCKTYPE_FLOPPY_720:   u32 |= 3 << 4; break;
            case PDMBLOCKTYPE_FLOPPY_1_44:  u32 |= 4 << 4; break;
            case PDMBLOCKTYPE_FLOPPY_2_88:  u32 |= 5 << 4; break;
            default:                        AssertFailed(); break;
        }
    if (apFDs[1])
        switch (apFDs[1]->pfnGetType(apFDs[1]))
        {
            case PDMBLOCKTYPE_FLOPPY_360:   u32 |= 1; break;
            case PDMBLOCKTYPE_FLOPPY_1_20:  u32 |= 2; break;
            case PDMBLOCKTYPE_FLOPPY_720:   u32 |= 3; break;
            case PDMBLOCKTYPE_FLOPPY_1_44:  u32 |= 4; break;
            case PDMBLOCKTYPE_FLOPPY_2_88:  u32 |= 5; break;
            default:                        AssertFailed(); break;
        }
    pcbiosCmosWrite(pDevIns, 0x10, u32);                                        /* 10h - Floppy Drive Type */

    /*
     * Equipment byte.
     */
    u32 = !!apFDs[0] + !!apFDs[1];
    switch (u32)
    {
        case 1: u32 = 0x01; break;      /* floppy installed, 1 drive. */
        case 2: u32 = 0x41; break;      /* floppy installed, 2 drives. */
        default:u32 = 0;    break;      /* floppy not installed. */
    }
    u32 |= BIT(1);                      /* math coprocessor installed  */
    u32 |= BIT(2);                      /* keyboard enabled (or mouse?) */
    u32 |= BIT(3);                      /* display enabled (monitory type is 0, i.e. vga) */
    pcbiosCmosWrite(pDevIns, 0x14, u32);                                        /* 14h - Equipment Byte */

    /*
     * Harddisks.
     */
    for (i = 0; i < ELEMENTS(apHDs); i++)
    {
        PPDMIBASE pBase;
        int rc = PDMR3QueryLun(pVM, pData->pszHDDevice, 0, i, &pBase);
        if (VBOX_SUCCESS(rc))
            apHDs[i] = (PPDMIBLOCKBIOS)pBase->pfnQueryInterface(pBase, PDMINTERFACE_BLOCK_BIOS);
    }

    u32 = (apHDs[0] ? 0xf0 : 0) | (apHDs[1] ? 0x0f : 0);                        /* 0Fh means extended and points to 1Ah, 1Bh */
    pcbiosCmosWrite(pDevIns, 0x12, u32);                                        /* 12h - Hard Disk Data (type) */
    if (apHDs[0])
        pcbiosCmosInitHardDisk(pDevIns, 0x19, 0x1b, apHDs[0]);                  /* 19h - First Extended Hard Disk Drive Type */
    if (apHDs[1])
        pcbiosCmosInitHardDisk(pDevIns, 0x1a, 0x24, apHDs[1]);                  /* 1Ah - Second Extended Hard Disk Drive Type */

    /*
     * Translation type - Bochs BIOS specific.
     */
    u32 = 0;
    for (i = 0; i < 4; i++)
    {
        if (apHDs[i])
        {
            PDMBIOSTRANSLATION enmTranslation;
            int rc = apHDs[i]->pfnGetTranslation(apHDs[i], &enmTranslation);
            if (VBOX_FAILURE(rc) || enmTranslation == PDMBIOSTRANSLATION_AUTO)
            {
                uint32_t cCylinders, cHeads, cSectors;
                rc = apHDs[i]->pfnGetGeometry(apHDs[i], &cCylinders, &cHeads, &cSectors);
                if (VBOX_FAILURE(rc))
                {
                    AssertMsg(rc == VERR_PDM_MEDIA_NOT_MOUNTED, ("This shouldn't happen! rc=%Vrc\n", rc));
                    enmTranslation = PDMBIOSTRANSLATION_NONE;
                }
                else if (cCylinders <= 1024 && cHeads <= 16 && cSectors <= 63)
                {
                    /* Disk <= 512 MByte not needing LBA translation. */
                    enmTranslation = PDMBIOSTRANSLATION_NONE;
                }
                else if (cSectors != 63 || (cHeads != 16 && cHeads != 32 && cHeads != 64 && cHeads != 128 && cHeads != 255))
                {
                    /* Disk with strange geometry. Using LBA here can
                     * break booting of the guest OS. Especially operating
                     * systems from Microsoft are sensitive to BIOS CHS not
                     * matching what the partition table says. */
                    enmTranslation = PDMBIOSTRANSLATION_NONE;
                }
                else
                    enmTranslation = PDMBIOSTRANSLATION_LBA;
            }
            switch (enmTranslation)
            {
                case PDMBIOSTRANSLATION_AUTO: /* makes gcc happy */
                case PDMBIOSTRANSLATION_NONE:
                    /* u32 |= 0 << (i * 2) */
                    break;
                default:
                    AssertMsgFailed(("bad enmTranslation=%d\n", enmTranslation));
                case PDMBIOSTRANSLATION_LBA:
                    u32 |= 1 << (i * 2);
                    break;
            }
        }
    }
    Log2(("pcbiosInitComplete: translation byte: %#02x\n", u32));
    pcbiosCmosWrite(pDevIns, 0x39, u32);

    LogFlow(("pcbiosInitComplete: returns VINF_SUCCESS\n"));
    return VINF_SUCCESS;
}


/**
 * Port I/O Handler for IN operations.
 *
 * @returns VBox status code.
 *
 * @param   pDevIns     The device instance.
 * @param   pvUser      User argument - ignored.
 * @param   Port        Port number used for the IN operation.
 * @param   pu32        Where to store the result.
 * @param   cb          Number of bytes read.
 */
static DECLCALLBACK(int) pcbiosIOPortRead(PPDMDEVINS pDevIns, void *pvUser, RTIOPORT Port, uint32_t *pu32, unsigned cb)
{
    NOREF(pDevIns);
    NOREF(pvUser);
    NOREF(Port);
    NOREF(pu32);
    NOREF(cb);
    return VERR_IOM_IOPORT_UNUSED;
}


/**
 * Port I/O Handler for OUT operations.
 *
 * @returns VBox status code.
 *
 * @param   pDevIns     The device instance.
 * @param   pvUser      User argument - ignored.
 * @param   Port        Port number used for the IN operation.
 * @param   u32         The value to output.
 * @param   cb          The value size in bytes.
 */
static DECLCALLBACK(int) pcbiosIOPortWrite(PPDMDEVINS pDevIns, void *pvUser, RTIOPORT Port, uint32_t u32, unsigned cb)
{
    /*
     * Bochs BIOS Panic
     */
    if (    cb == 2
        &&  (   Port == 0x400
             || Port == 0x401))
    {
        Log(("pcbios: PC BIOS panic at rombios.c(%d)\n", u32));
        AssertReleaseMsgFailed(("PC BIOS panic at rombios.c(%d)\n", u32));
        return VERR_INTERNAL_ERROR;
    }

    /*
     * Bochs BIOS char printing.
     */
    if (    cb == 1
        &&  (   Port == 0x402
             || Port == 0x403))
    {
        PDEVPCBIOS pData = PDMINS2DATA(pDevIns, PDEVPCBIOS);
        /* The raw version. */
        switch (u32)
        {
            case '\r': Log2(("pcbios: <return>\n")); break;
            case '\n': Log2(("pcbios: <newline>\n")); break;
            case '\t': Log2(("pcbios: <tab>\n")); break;
            default:   Log2(("pcbios: %c (%02x)\n", u32, u32)); break;
        }

        /* The readable, buffered version. */
        if (u32 == '\n' || u32 == '\r')
        {
            pData->szMsg[pData->iMsg] = '\0';
            if (pData->iMsg)
                Log(("pcbios: %s\n", pData->szMsg));
            pData->iMsg = 0;
        }
        else
        {
            if (pData->iMsg >= sizeof(pData->szMsg))
            {
                pData->szMsg[pData->iMsg] = '\0';
                Log(("pcbios: %s\n", pData->szMsg));
                pData->iMsg = 0;
            }
            pData->szMsg[pData->iMsg] = (char )u32;
            pData->szMsg[++pData->iMsg] = '\0';
        }
        return VINF_SUCCESS;
    }

    /*
     * Bochs BIOS shutdown request.
     */
    if (cb == 1 && Port == 0x8900)
    {
        static const unsigned char szShutdown[] = "Shutdown";
        PDEVPCBIOS pData = PDMINS2DATA(pDevIns, PDEVPCBIOS);
        if (u32 == szShutdown[pData->iShutdown])
        {
            pData->iShutdown++;
            if (pData->iShutdown == 8)
            {
                pData->iShutdown = 0;
                LogRel(("8900h shutdown request.\n"));
                return PDMDevHlpVMPowerOff(pDevIns);
            }
        }
        else
            pData->iShutdown = 0;
        return VINF_SUCCESS;
    }

    /* not in use. */
    return VINF_SUCCESS;
}


/**
 * LOGO port I/O Handler for IN operations.
 *
 * @returns VBox status code.
 *
 * @param   pDevIns     The device instance.
 * @param   pvUser      User argument - ignored.
 * @param   uPort       Port number used for the IN operation.
 * @param   pu32        Where to store the result.
 * @param   cb          Number of bytes read.
 */
static DECLCALLBACK(int) logoIOPortRead(PPDMDEVINS pDevIns, void *pvUser, RTIOPORT Port, uint32_t *pu32, unsigned cb)
{
    PDEVPCBIOS  pData = PDMINS2DATA(pDevIns, PDEVPCBIOS);
    Log(("logoIOPortRead call Port:%x pu32:%x cb:%d (%d)\n", Port, pu32, cb, pData->offLogoData));

    PRTUINT64U  p;
    if (pData->fDefaultLogo)
    {
        /*
         * Default bios logo.
         */
        if (pData->offLogoData + cb > g_cbPcDefBiosLogo)
        {
            Log(("logoIOPortRead: Requested address is out of Logo data!!! offLogoData=%#x(%d) cbLogo=%#x(%d)\n",
                 pData->offLogoData, pData->offLogoData, g_cbPcDefBiosLogo, g_cbPcDefBiosLogo));
            return VINF_SUCCESS;
        }
        p = (PRTUINT64U)&g_abPcDefBiosLogo[pData->offLogoData];
    }
    else
    {
        /*
         * Custom logo.
         */
        if (pData->offLogoData + cb > pData->cbLogo)
        {
            Log(("logoIOPortRead: Requested address is out of Logo data!!! offLogoData=%#x(%d) cbLogo=%#x(%d)\n",
                 pData->offLogoData, pData->offLogoData, pData->cbLogo, pData->cbLogo));
            return VINF_SUCCESS;
        }
        p = (PRTUINT64U)&pData->pu8Logo[pData->offLogoData];
    }

    switch (cb)
    {
        case 1: *pu32 = p->au8[0]; break;
        case 2: *pu32 = p->au16[0]; break;
        case 4: *pu32 = p->au32[0]; break;
        //case 8: *pu32 = p->au64[0]; break;
        default: AssertFailed(); break;
    }
    Log(("logoIOPortRead: LogoOffset=%#x(%d) cb=%#x %.*Vhxs\n", pData->offLogoData, pData->offLogoData, cb, cb, pu32));
    pData->offLogoData += cb;

    return VINF_SUCCESS;
}


/**
 * LOGO port I/O Handler for OUT operations.
 *
 * @returns VBox status code.
 *
 * @param   pDevIns     The device instance.
 * @param   pvUser      User argument - ignored.
 * @param   uPort       Port number used for the IN operation.
 * @param   u32         The value to output.
 * @param   cb          The value size in bytes.
 */
static DECLCALLBACK(int) logoIOPortWrite(PPDMDEVINS pDevIns, void *pvUser, RTIOPORT Port, uint32_t u32, unsigned cb)
{
    PDEVPCBIOS  pData = PDMINS2DATA(pDevIns, PDEVPCBIOS);
    Log(("logoIOPortWrite: Port=%x cb=%d u32=%#04x (byte)\n", Port, cb, u32));

    /* Switch to default BIOS logo or change logo data offset. */
    if (    cb == 2
        &&  u32 == LOGO_DEFAULT_LOGO)
    {
        pData->fDefaultLogo = true;
        pData->offLogoData = 0;
    }
    else
        pData->offLogoData = u32;

    return VINF_SUCCESS;
}


/**
 * Construct the DMI table.
 *
 * @param   table           pointer to DMI table.
 */
#define STRCPY(p, s) do { memcpy (p, s, sizeof(s)); p += sizeof(s); } while (0)
static void pcbiosPlantDMITable(uint8_t *pTable)
{
    char *pszStr = (char*)pTable;
    int iStrNr;

    PDMIBIOSINF pBIOSInf         = (PDMIBIOSINF)pszStr;
    pszStr                       = (char*)(pBIOSInf+1);
    iStrNr                       = 1;
    pBIOSInf->header.u8Type      = 0; /* BIOS Information */
    pBIOSInf->header.u8Length    = sizeof(*pBIOSInf);
    pBIOSInf->header.u16Handle   = 0x0000;
    pBIOSInf->u8Vendor           = iStrNr++;
    STRCPY(pszStr, "innotek GmbH");
    pBIOSInf->u8Version          = iStrNr++;
    STRCPY(pszStr, "VirtualBox");
    pBIOSInf->u16Start           = 0xE000;
    pBIOSInf->u8Release          = iStrNr++;
    STRCPY(pszStr, "12/01/2006");
    pBIOSInf->u8ROMSize          = 1; /* 128K */
    pBIOSInf->u64Characteristics = BIT(4)   /* ISA is supported */
                                 | BIT(7)   /* PCI is supported */
                                 | BIT(15)  /* Boot from CD is supported */
                                 | BIT(16)  /* Selectable Boot is supported */
                                 | BIT(27)  /* Int 9h, 8042 Keyboard services supported */
                                 | BIT(30)  /* Int 10h, CGA/Mono Video Services supported */
                                 /* any more?? */
                                 ;
    pBIOSInf->u8CharacteristicsByte1 = BIT(0)   /* ACPI is supported */
                                     /* any more?? */
                                     ;
    pBIOSInf->u8CharacteristicsByte2 = 0
                                     /* any more?? */
                                     ;
    *pszStr++                    = '\0';


    PDMISYSTEMINF pSystemInf     = (PDMISYSTEMINF)pszStr;
    pszStr                       = (char*)(pSystemInf+1);
    iStrNr                       = 1;
    pSystemInf->header.u8Type    = 1; /* System Information */
    pSystemInf->header.u8Length  = sizeof(*pSystemInf);
    pSystemInf->header.u16Handle = 0x0001;
    pSystemInf->u8Manufacturer   = iStrNr++;
    STRCPY(pszStr, "innotek GmbH");
    pSystemInf->u8ProductName    = iStrNr++;
    STRCPY(pszStr, "VirtualBox");
    pSystemInf->u8Version        = iStrNr++;
    STRCPY(pszStr, "1.2");
    pSystemInf->u8SerialNumber   = iStrNr++;
    STRCPY(pszStr, "0");
    pSystemInf->u8WakeupType     = 6; /* Power Switch */
    pSystemInf->u8SKUNumber      = 0;
    pSystemInf->u8Family         = iStrNr++;
    STRCPY(pszStr, "Virtual Machine");
    *pszStr++                    = '\0';

    AssertMsg(pszStr - (char*)pTable == VBOX_DMI_TABLE_SIZE,
              ("VBOX_DMI_TABLE_SIZE=%d, actual DMI table size is %d",
              VBOX_DMI_TABLE_SIZE, pszStr - (char*)pTable));
}
AssertCompile(VBOX_DMI_TABLE_ENTR == 2);


/**
 * Calculate a simple checksum for the MPS table.
 *
 * @param   data            data
 * @param   len             size of data
 */
00805 static uint8_t pcbiosChecksum(const uint8_t * const au8Data, uint32_t u32Length)
{
    uint8_t u8Sum = 0;
    for (size_t i = 0; i < u32Length; ++i)
        u8Sum += au8Data[i];
    return -u8Sum;
}


/**
 * Construct the MPS table. Only applicable if IOAPIC is active.
 *
 * @param   pDevIns    The device instance data.
 * @param   addr       physical address in guest memory.
 */
00820 static void pcbiosPlantMPStable(PPDMDEVINS pDevIns, uint8_t *pTable)
{
    /* configuration table */
    PMPSCFGTBLHEADER pCfgTab      = (MPSCFGTBLHEADER*)pTable;
    memcpy(pCfgTab->au8Signature, "PCMP", 4);
    pCfgTab->u8SpecRev             =  4;    /* 1.4 */
    memcpy(pCfgTab->au8OemId, "VBOXCPU ", 8);
    memcpy(pCfgTab->au8ProductId, "VirtualBox  ", 12);
    pCfgTab->u32OemTablePtr        =  0;
    pCfgTab->u16OemTableSize       =  0;
    pCfgTab->u16EntryCount         =  1 /* Processor */
                                   +  1 /* ISA Bus */
                                   +  1 /* I/O-APIC */
                                   + 16 /* Interrupts */;
    pCfgTab->u32AddrLocalApic      = 0xfee00000;
    pCfgTab->u16ExtTableLength     =  0;
    pCfgTab->u8ExtTableChecksxum   =  0;
    pCfgTab->u8Reserved            =  0;

    uint32_t u32Eax, u32Ebx, u32Ecx, u32Edx;
    uint32_t u32CPUSignature = 0x0520; /* default: Pentium 100 */
    uint32_t u32FeatureFlags = 0x0001; /* default: FPU */
    PDMDevHlpGetCpuId(pDevIns, 0, &u32Eax, &u32Ebx, &u32Ecx, &u32Edx);
    if (u32Eax >= 1)
    {
        PDMDevHlpGetCpuId(pDevIns, 1, &u32Eax, &u32Ebx, &u32Ecx, &u32Edx);
        u32CPUSignature = u32Eax & 0xfff;
        /* Local APIC will be enabled later so override it here. Since we provide
         * an MP table we have an IOAPIC and therefore a Local APIC. */
        u32FeatureFlags = u32Edx | X86_CPUID_FEATURE_EDX_APIC;
    }

    /* one processor so far */
    PMPSPROCENTRY pProcEntry       = (PMPSPROCENTRY)(pCfgTab+1);
    pProcEntry->u8EntryType        = 0; /* processor entry */
    pProcEntry->u8LocalApicId      = 0;
    pProcEntry->u8LocalApicVersion = 0x11;
    pProcEntry->u8CPUFlags         = 2 /* bootstrap processor */ | 1 /* enabled */;
    pProcEntry->u32CPUSignature    = u32CPUSignature;
    pProcEntry->u32CPUFeatureFlags = u32FeatureFlags;
    pProcEntry->u32Reserved[0]     =
    pProcEntry->u32Reserved[1]     = 0;

    /* ISA bus */
    PMPSBUSENTRY pBusEntry         = (PMPSBUSENTRY)(pProcEntry+1);
    pBusEntry->u8EntryType         = 1; /* bus entry */
    pBusEntry->u8BusId             = 0; /* this ID is referenced by the interrupt entries */
    memcpy(pBusEntry->au8BusTypeStr, "ISA   ", 6);

    /* PCI bus? */

    /* I/O-APIC.
     * MP spec: "The configuration table contains one or more entries for I/O APICs.
     *           ... At least one I/O APIC must be enabled." */
    PMPSIOAPICENTRY pIOAPICEntry   = (PMPSIOAPICENTRY)(pBusEntry+1);
    pIOAPICEntry->u8EntryType      = 2; /* I/O-APIC entry */
    pIOAPICEntry->u8Id             = 1; /* this ID is referenced by the interrupt entries */
    pIOAPICEntry->u8Version        = 0x11;
    pIOAPICEntry->u8Flags          = 1 /* enable */;
    pIOAPICEntry->u32Addr          = 0xfec00000;

    PMPSIOIRQENTRY pIrqEntry       = (PMPSIOIRQENTRY)(pIOAPICEntry+1);
    for (int i = 0; i < 16; i++, pIrqEntry++)
    {
        pIrqEntry->u8EntryType     = 3; /* I/O interrupt entry */
        pIrqEntry->u8Type          = 0; /* INT, vectored interrupt */
        pIrqEntry->u16Flags        = 0; /* polarity of APIC I/O input signal = conforms to bus,
                                           trigger mode = conforms to bus */
        pIrqEntry->u8SrcBusId      = 0; /* ISA bus */
        pIrqEntry->u8SrcBusIrq     = i;
        pIrqEntry->u8DstIOAPICId   = 1;
        pIrqEntry->u8DstIOAPICInt  = i;
    }

    pCfgTab->u16Length             = (uint8_t*)pIrqEntry - pTable;
    pCfgTab->u8Checksum            = pcbiosChecksum(pTable, pCfgTab->u16Length);

    AssertMsg(pCfgTab->u16Length < 0x1000 - 0x100,
              ("VBOX_MPS_TABLE_SIZE=%d, maximum allowed size is %d",
              pCfgTab->u16Length, 0x1000-0x100));

    MPSFLOATPTR floatPtr;
    floatPtr.au8Signature[0]       = '_';
    floatPtr.au8Signature[1]       = 'M';
    floatPtr.au8Signature[2]       = 'P';
    floatPtr.au8Signature[3]       = '_';
    floatPtr.u32MPSAddr            = VBOX_MPS_TABLE_BASE;
    floatPtr.u8Length              = 1; /* structure size in paragraphs */
    floatPtr.u8SpecRev             = 4; /* MPS revision 1.4 */
    floatPtr.u8Checksum            = 0;
    floatPtr.au8Feature[0]         = 0;
    floatPtr.au8Feature[1]         = 0;
    floatPtr.au8Feature[2]         = 0;
    floatPtr.au8Feature[3]         = 0;
    floatPtr.au8Feature[4]         = 0;
    floatPtr.u8Checksum            = pcbiosChecksum((uint8_t*)&floatPtr, 16);
    PDMDevHlpPhysWrite (pDevIns, 0x9fff0, &floatPtr, 16);
}


/**
 * Reset notification.
 *
 * @returns VBox status.
 * @param   pDevIns     The device instance data.
 */
00926 static DECLCALLBACK(void) pcbiosReset(PPDMDEVINS pDevIns)
{
    PDEVPCBIOS  pData = PDMINS2DATA(pDevIns, PDEVPCBIOS);
    LogFlow(("pcbiosReset:\n"));

    pData->fDefaultLogo = false;
    pData->offLogoData = 0;
    /** @todo Should we perhaps do pcbiosInitComplete() on reset? */

#if 1
    /*
     * Paranoia: Check that the BIOS ROM hasn't changed.
     */
    PVM pVM = PDMDevHlpGetVM(pDevIns);
    /* the low ROM mapping. */
    unsigned cb = RT_MIN(g_cbPcBiosBinary, 128 * _1K);
    const uint8_t *pb1 = (uint8_t *)MMPhysGCPhys2HCVirt(pVM, 0x00100000 - cb, cb);
    AssertRelease(pb1);
    const uint8_t *pb2 = &g_abPcBiosBinary[g_cbPcBiosBinary - cb];
    if (memcmp(pb1, pb2, cb))
    {
        AssertMsg2("low ROM mismatch! cb=%#x\n", cb);
        for (unsigned off = 0; off < cb; off++)
            if (pb1[off] != pb2[off])
                AssertMsg2("%05x: %02x expected %02x\n", off, pb1[off], pb2[off]);
        AssertReleaseFailed();
    }

    /* the high ROM mapping. */
    pb1 = (uint8_t *)MMPhysGCPhys2HCVirt(pVM, (uint32_t)-g_cbPcBiosBinary, g_cbPcBiosBinary);
    AssertRelease(pb1);
    pb2 = &g_abPcBiosBinary[0];
    if (memcmp(pb1, pb2, g_cbPcBiosBinary))
    {
        AssertMsg2("high ROM mismatch! g_cbPcBiosBinary=%#x\n", g_cbPcBiosBinary);
        for (unsigned off = 0; off < g_cbPcBiosBinary; off++)
            if (pb1[off] != pb2[off])
                AssertMsg2("%05x: %02x expected %02x\n", off, pb1[off], pb2[off]);
        AssertReleaseFailed();
    }
#endif

    if (pData->u8IOAPIC)
        pcbiosPlantMPStable(pDevIns, pData->au8DMIPage + 0x100);
}


/**
 * Destruct a device instance.
 *
 * Most VM resources are freed by the VM. This callback is provided so that any non-VM
 * resources can be freed correctly.
 *
 * @param   pDevIns     The device instance data.
 */
static DECLCALLBACK(int) pcbiosDestruct(PPDMDEVINS pDevIns)
{
    PDEVPCBIOS  pData = PDMINS2DATA(pDevIns, PDEVPCBIOS);
    LogFlow(("pcbiosDestruct:\n"));

    /*
     * Free MM heap pointers.
     */
    if (pData->pu8LanBoot)
    {
        MMR3HeapFree(pData->pu8LanBoot);
        pData->pu8LanBoot = NULL;
    }

    if (pData->pszLanBootFile)
    {
        MMR3HeapFree(pData->pszLanBootFile);
        pData->pszLanBootFile = NULL;
    }

    if (pData->pu8Logo)
    {
        MMR3HeapFree(pData->pu8Logo);
        pData->pu8Logo = NULL;
    }

    if (pData->pszLogoFile)
    {
        MMR3HeapFree(pData->pszLogoFile);
        pData->pszLogoFile = NULL;
    }

    return VINF_SUCCESS;
}


/**
 * Convert config value to DEVPCBIOSBOOT.
 *
 * @returns VBox status code.
 * @param   pCfgHandle      Configuration handle.
 * @param   pszParam        The name of the value to read.
 * @param   penmBoot        Where to store the boot method.
 */
01025 static int pcbiosBootFromCfg(PPDMDEVINS pDevIns, PCFGMNODE pCfgHandle, const char *pszParam, DEVPCBIOSBOOT *penmBoot)
{
    char *psz;
    int rc = CFGMR3QueryStringAlloc(pCfgHandle, pszParam, &psz);
    if (VBOX_FAILURE(rc))
        return PDMDevHlpVMSetError(pDevIns, rc, RT_SRC_POS,
                                   N_("Configuration error: Querying \"%s\" as a string failed"),
                                   pszParam);
    if (!strcmp(psz, "DVD") || !strcmp(psz, "CDROM"))
        *penmBoot = DEVPCBIOSBOOT_DVD;
    else if (!strcmp(psz, "IDE"))
        *penmBoot = DEVPCBIOSBOOT_HD;
    else if (!strcmp(psz, "FLOPPY"))
        *penmBoot = DEVPCBIOSBOOT_FLOPPY;
    else if (!strcmp(psz, "LAN"))
        *penmBoot = DEVPCBIOSBOOT_LAN;
    else if (!strcmp(psz, "NONE"))
        *penmBoot = DEVPCBIOSBOOT_NONE;
    else
    {
        PDMDevHlpVMSetError(pDevIns, rc, RT_SRC_POS,
                            N_("Configuration error: The \"%s\" value \"%s\" is unknown.\n"),
                            pszParam, psz);
        rc = VERR_INTERNAL_ERROR;
    }
    MMR3HeapFree(psz);
    return rc;
}

/**
 * Construct a device instance for a VM.
 *
 * @returns VBox status.
 * @param   pDevIns     The device instance data.
 *                      If the registration structure is needed, pDevIns->pDevReg points to it.
 * @param   iInstance   Instance number. Use this to figure out which registers and such to use.
 *                      The device number is also found in pDevIns->iInstance, but since it's
 *                      likely to be freqently used PDM passes it as parameter.
 * @param   pCfgHandle  Configuration node handle for the device. Use this to obtain the configuration
 *                      of the device instance. It's also found in pDevIns->pCfgHandle, but like
 *                      iInstance it's expected to be used a bit in this function.
 */
static DECLCALLBACK(int)  pcbiosConstruct(PPDMDEVINS pDevIns, int iInstance, PCFGMNODE pCfgHandle)
{
    unsigned    i;
    PDEVPCBIOS  pData = PDMINS2DATA(pDevIns, PDEVPCBIOS);
    int         rc;
    int         cb;

    Assert(iInstance == 0);

    /*
     * Validate configuration.
     */
    if (!CFGMR3AreValuesValid(pCfgHandle,
                              "BootDevice0\0"
                              "BootDevice1\0"
                              "BootDevice2\0"
                              "BootDevice3\0"
                              "RamSize\0"
                              "HardDiskDevice\0"
                              "FloppyDevice\0"
                              "FadeIn\0"
                              "FadeOut\0"
                              "LogoTime\0"
                              "LogoFile\0"
                              "ShowBootMenu\0"
                              "DelayBoot\0"
                              "LanBootRom\0"
                              "IOAPIC\0"))
        return PDMDEV_SET_ERROR(pDevIns, VERR_PDM_DEVINS_UNKNOWN_CFG_VALUES,
                                N_("Invalid configuraton for  device pcbios device"));

    /*
     * Init the data.
     */
    rc = CFGMR3QueryU64(pCfgHandle, "RamSize", &pData->cbRam);
    if (VBOX_FAILURE(rc))
        return PDMDEV_SET_ERROR(pDevIns, rc,
                                N_("Configuration error: Querying \"RamSize\" as integer failed"));

    rc = CFGMR3QueryU8 (pCfgHandle, "IOAPIC", &pData->u8IOAPIC);
    if (rc == VERR_CFGM_VALUE_NOT_FOUND)
        pData->u8IOAPIC = 1;
    else if (VBOX_FAILURE (rc))
        return PDMDEV_SET_ERROR(pDevIns, rc,
                                N_("Configuration error: Failed to read \"IOAPIC\"."));

    static const char * const s_apszBootDevices[] = { "BootDevice0", "BootDevice1", "BootDevice2", "BootDevice3" };
    Assert(ELEMENTS(s_apszBootDevices) == ELEMENTS(pData->aenmBootDevice));
    for (i = 0; i < ELEMENTS(pData->aenmBootDevice); i++)
    {
        rc = pcbiosBootFromCfg(pDevIns, pCfgHandle, s_apszBootDevices[i], &pData->aenmBootDevice[i]);
        if (VBOX_FAILURE(rc))
            return rc;
    }

    rc = CFGMR3QueryStringAlloc(pCfgHandle, "HardDiskDevice", &pData->pszHDDevice);
    if (VBOX_FAILURE(rc))
        return PDMDEV_SET_ERROR(pDevIns, rc,
                                N_("Configuration error: Querying \"HardDiskDevice\" as a string failed"));

    rc = CFGMR3QueryStringAlloc(pCfgHandle, "FloppyDevice", &pData->pszFDDevice);
    if (VBOX_FAILURE(rc))
        return PDMDEV_SET_ERROR(pDevIns, rc,
                                N_("Configuration error: Querying \"FloppyDevice\" as a string failed"));

    /*
     * Register I/O Ports and PC BIOS.
     */
    rc = PDMDevHlpIOPortRegister(pDevIns, 0x400, 4, NULL, pcbiosIOPortWrite, pcbiosIOPortRead,
                                 NULL, NULL, "Bochs PC BIOS - Panic & Debug");
    if (VBOX_FAILURE(rc))
        return rc;
    rc = PDMDevHlpIOPortRegister(pDevIns, 0x8900, 1, NULL, pcbiosIOPortWrite, pcbiosIOPortRead,
                                 NULL, NULL, "Bochs PC BIOS - Shutdown");
    if (VBOX_FAILURE(rc))
        return rc;

    pcbiosPlantDMITable(pData->au8DMIPage);
    if (pData->u8IOAPIC)
        pcbiosPlantMPStable(pDevIns, pData->au8DMIPage + 0x100);

    rc = PDMDevHlpROMRegister(pDevIns, VBOX_DMI_TABLE_BASE, 0x1000, pData->au8DMIPage, false /* fShadow */, "DMI tables");
    if (VBOX_FAILURE(rc))
        return rc;

    /*
     * Map the BIOS into memory.
     * There are two mappings:
     *      1. 0x000e0000 to 0x000fffff contains the last 128 kb of the bios.
     *         The bios code might be 64 kb in size, and will then start at 0xf0000.
     *      2. 0xfffxxxxx to 0xffffffff contains the entire bios.
     */
    AssertReleaseMsg(g_cbPcBiosBinary >= _64K, ("g_cbPcBiosBinary=%#x\n", g_cbPcBiosBinary));
    AssertReleaseMsg(RT_ALIGN_Z(g_cbPcBiosBinary, _64K) == g_cbPcBiosBinary,
                     ("g_cbPcBiosBinary=%#x\n", g_cbPcBiosBinary));
    cb = RT_MIN(g_cbPcBiosBinary, 128 * _1K);
    rc = PDMDevHlpROMRegister(pDevIns, 0x00100000 - cb, cb, &g_abPcBiosBinary[g_cbPcBiosBinary - cb], 
                              false /* fShadow */, "PC BIOS - 0xfffff");
    if (VBOX_FAILURE(rc))
        return rc;
    rc = PDMDevHlpROMRegister(pDevIns, (uint32_t)-g_cbPcBiosBinary, g_cbPcBiosBinary, &g_abPcBiosBinary[0], 
                              false /* fShadow */, "PC BIOS - 0xffffffff");
    if (VBOX_FAILURE(rc))
        return rc;

    /*
     * Register the BIOS Logo port
     */
    rc = PDMDevHlpIOPortRegister(pDevIns, LOGO_IO_PORT, 1, NULL, logoIOPortWrite, logoIOPortRead, NULL, NULL, "PC BIOS - Logo port");
    if (VBOX_FAILURE(rc))
        return rc;

    /*
     * Construct the logo header.
     */
    LOGOHDR LogoHdr = { LOGO_HDR_MAGIC, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0 };

    rc = CFGMR3QueryU8(pCfgHandle, "FadeIn", &LogoHdr.u8FadeIn);
    if (rc == VERR_CFGM_VALUE_NOT_FOUND)
        LogoHdr.u8FadeIn = 1;
    else if (VBOX_FAILURE(rc))
        return PDMDEV_SET_ERROR(pDevIns, rc,
                                N_("Configuration error: Querying \"FadeIn\" as integer failed"));

    rc = CFGMR3QueryU8(pCfgHandle, "FadeOut", &LogoHdr.u8FadeOut);
    if (rc == VERR_CFGM_VALUE_NOT_FOUND)
        LogoHdr.u8FadeOut = 1;
    else if (VBOX_FAILURE(rc))
        return PDMDEV_SET_ERROR(pDevIns, rc,
                                N_("Configuration error: Querying \"FadeOut\" as integer failed"));

    rc = CFGMR3QueryU16(pCfgHandle, "LogoTime", &LogoHdr.u16LogoMillies);
    if (rc == VERR_CFGM_VALUE_NOT_FOUND)
        LogoHdr.u16LogoMillies = 1;
    else if (VBOX_FAILURE(rc))
        return PDMDEV_SET_ERROR(pDevIns, rc,
                                N_("Configuration error: Querying \"LogoTime\" as integer failed"));

    rc = CFGMR3QueryU8(pCfgHandle, "ShowBootMenu", &LogoHdr.u8ShowBootMenu);
    if (rc == VERR_CFGM_VALUE_NOT_FOUND)
        LogoHdr.u8ShowBootMenu = 0;
    else if (VBOX_FAILURE(rc))
        return PDMDEV_SET_ERROR(pDevIns, rc,
                                N_("Configuration error: Querying \"ShowBootMenu\" as integer failed"));

    /*
     * Get the Logo file name.
     */
    rc = CFGMR3QueryStringAlloc(pCfgHandle, "LogoFile", &pData->pszLogoFile);
    if (rc == VERR_CFGM_VALUE_NOT_FOUND)
        pData->pszLogoFile = NULL;
    else if (VBOX_FAILURE(rc))
        return PDMDEV_SET_ERROR(pDevIns, rc,
                                N_("Configuration error: Querying \"LogoFile\" as a string failed"));
    else if (!*pData->pszLogoFile)
    {
        MMR3HeapFree(pData->pszLogoFile);
        pData->pszLogoFile = NULL;
    }

    /*
     * Determine the logo size, open any specified logo file in the process.
     */
    LogoHdr.cbLogo = g_cbPcDefBiosLogo;
    RTFILE FileLogo = NIL_RTFILE;
    if (pData->pszLogoFile)
    {
        rc = RTFileOpen(&FileLogo, pData->pszLogoFile,
                        RTFILE_O_READ | RTFILE_O_OPEN | RTFILE_O_DENY_WRITE);
        if (VBOX_SUCCESS(rc))
        {
            uint64_t cbFile;
            rc = RTFileGetSize(FileLogo, &cbFile);
            if (VBOX_SUCCESS(rc))
            {
                if (    cbFile > 0
                    &&  cbFile < LOGO_MAX_SIZE)
                    LogoHdr.cbLogo = (uint32_t)cbFile;
                else
                    rc = VERR_TOO_MUCH_DATA;
            }
        }
        if (VBOX_FAILURE(rc))
        {
            /*
             * Ignore failure and fall back to the default logo.
             */
            LogRel(("pcbiosConstruct: Failed to open logo file '%s', rc=%Vrc!\n", pData->pszLogoFile, rc));
            RTFileClose(FileLogo);
            FileLogo = NIL_RTFILE;
            MMR3HeapFree(pData->pszLogoFile);
            pData->pszLogoFile = NULL;
        }
    }

    /*
     * Allocate buffer for the logo data.
     * RT_MAX() is applied to let us fall back to default logo on read failure.
     */
    pData->cbLogo = sizeof(LogoHdr) + LogoHdr.cbLogo;
    pData->pu8Logo = (uint8_t *)PDMDevHlpMMHeapAlloc(pDevIns, RT_MAX(pData->cbLogo, g_cbPcDefBiosLogo + sizeof(LogoHdr)));
    if (pData->pu8Logo)
    {
        /*
         * Write the logo header.
         */
        PLOGOHDR pLogoHdr = (PLOGOHDR)pData->pu8Logo;
        *pLogoHdr = LogoHdr;

        /*
         * Write the logo bitmap.
         */
        if (pData->pszLogoFile)
        {
            rc = RTFileRead(FileLogo, pLogoHdr + 1, LogoHdr.cbLogo, NULL);
            if (VBOX_FAILURE(rc))
            {
                AssertMsgFailed(("RTFileRead(,,%d,NULL) -> %Vrc\n", LogoHdr.cbLogo, rc));
                pLogoHdr->cbLogo = LogoHdr.cbLogo = g_cbPcDefBiosLogo;
                memcpy(pLogoHdr + 1, g_abPcDefBiosLogo, LogoHdr.cbLogo);
            }
        }
        else
            memcpy(pLogoHdr + 1, g_abPcDefBiosLogo, LogoHdr.cbLogo);

        /*
         * Call reset to set values and stuff.
         */
        pcbiosReset(pDevIns);
        rc = VINF_SUCCESS;
    }
    else
        rc = VERR_NO_MEMORY;

    /* cleanup */
    if (FileLogo != NIL_RTFILE)
        RTFileClose(FileLogo);

    /*
     * Get the LAN boot ROM file name.
     */
    rc = CFGMR3QueryStringAlloc(pCfgHandle, "LanBootRom", &pData->pszLanBootFile);
    if (rc == VERR_CFGM_VALUE_NOT_FOUND)
    {
        pData->pszLanBootFile = NULL;
        rc = VINF_SUCCESS;
    }
    else if (VBOX_FAILURE(rc))
        return PDMDEV_SET_ERROR(pDevIns, rc,
                                N_("Configuration error: Querying \"LanBootRom\" as a string failed"));
    else if (!*pData->pszLanBootFile)
    {
        MMR3HeapFree(pData->pszLanBootFile);
        pData->pszLanBootFile = NULL;
    }

    const uint8_t *pu8LanBoot = NULL;
    uint64_t cbFileLanBoot;
#ifdef VBOX_DO_NOT_LINK_LANBOOT
    /*
     * Determine the LAN boot ROM size, open specified ROM file in the process.
     */
    RTFILE FileLanBoot = NIL_RTFILE;
    if (pData->pszLanBootFile)
    {
        rc = RTFileOpen(&FileLanBoot, pData->pszLanBootFile,
                        RTFILE_O_READ | RTFILE_O_OPEN | RTFILE_O_DENY_WRITE);
        if (VBOX_SUCCESS(rc))
        {
            rc = RTFileGetSize(FileLanBoot, &cbFileLanBoot);
            if (VBOX_SUCCESS(rc))
            {
                if (    RT_ALIGN(cbFileLanBoot, _4K) != cbFileLanBoot
                    ||  cbFileLanBoot > _32K)
                    rc = VERR_TOO_MUCH_DATA;
            }
        }
        if (VBOX_FAILURE(rc))
        {
            /*
             * Ignore failure and fall back to no LAN boot ROM.
             */
            Log(("pcbiosConstruct: Failed to open LAN boot ROM file '%s', rc=%Vrc!\n", pData->pszLanBootFile, rc));
            RTFileClose(FileLanBoot);
            FileLanBoot = NIL_RTFILE;
            MMR3HeapFree(pData->pszLanBootFile);
            pData->pszLanBootFile = NULL;
        }
    }

    /*
     * Get the LAN boot ROM data.
     */
    if (pData->pszLanBootFile)
    {
        /*
         * Allocate buffer for the LAN boot ROM data.
         */
        pu8LanBoot = (uint8_t *)PDMDevHlpMMHeapAlloc(pDevIns, cbFileLanBoot);
        pData->pu8LanBoot = pu8LanBoot;
        if (pu8LanBoot)
        {
            rc = RTFileRead(FileLanBoot, pData->pu8LanBoot, cbFileLanBoot, NULL);
            if (VBOX_FAILURE(rc))
            {
                AssertMsgFailed(("RTFileRead(,,%d,NULL) -> %Vrc\n", cbFileLanBoot, rc));
                MMR3HeapFree(pu8LanBoot);
                pu8LanBoot = NULL;
                pData->pu8LanBoot = NULL;
            }
            rc = VINF_SUCCESS;
        }
        else
            rc = VERR_NO_MEMORY;
    }
    else
        pData->pu8LanBoot = NULL;

    /* cleanup */
    if (FileLanBoot != NIL_RTFILE)
        RTFileClose(FileLanBoot);

#else /* !VBOX_DO_NOT_LINK_LANBOOT */
    pData->pu8LanBoot = NULL;
    pu8LanBoot = g_abNetBiosBinary;
    cbFileLanBoot = g_cbNetBiosBinary;
#endif /* !VBOX_DO_NOT_LINK_LANBOOT */

    /*
     * Map the Network Boot ROM into memory.
     * Currently there is a fixed mapping: 0x000c8000 to 0x000cffff contains
     * the (up to) 32 kb ROM image.
     */
    if (pu8LanBoot)
        rc = PDMDevHlpROMRegister(pDevIns, VBOX_LANBOOT_SEG << 4, cbFileLanBoot, pu8LanBoot, 
                                  true /* fShadow */, "Net Boot ROM");

    rc = CFGMR3QueryU8(pCfgHandle, "DelayBoot", &pData->uBootDelay);
    if (rc == VERR_CFGM_VALUE_NOT_FOUND)
    {
        pData->uBootDelay = 0;
        rc = VINF_SUCCESS;
    }
    else
    {
        if (VBOX_FAILURE(rc))
            return PDMDEV_SET_ERROR(pDevIns, rc,
                                    N_("Configuration error: Querying \"DelayBoot\" as integer failed"));
        if (pData->uBootDelay > 15)
            pData->uBootDelay = 15;
    }

    return rc;
}


/**
 * The device registration structure.
 */
const PDMDEVREG g_DevicePcBios =
{
    /* u32Version */
    PDM_DEVREG_VERSION,
    /* szDeviceName */
    "pcbios",
    /* szGCMod */
    "",
    /* szR0Mod */
    "",
    /* pszDescription */
    "PC BIOS Device",
    /* fFlags */
    PDM_DEVREG_FLAGS_HOST_BITS_DEFAULT | PDM_DEVREG_FLAGS_GUEST_BITS_32_64,
    /* fClass */
    PDM_DEVREG_CLASS_ARCH_BIOS,
    /* cMaxInstances */
    1,
    /* cbInstance */
    sizeof(DEVPCBIOS),
    /* pfnConstruct */
    pcbiosConstruct,
    /* pfnDestruct */
    pcbiosDestruct,
    /* pfnRelocate */
    NULL,
    /* pfnIOCtl */
    NULL,
    /* pfnPowerOn */
    NULL,
    /* pfnReset */
    pcbiosReset,
    /* pfnSuspend */
    NULL,
    /* pfnResume */
    NULL,
    /* pfnAttach */
    NULL,
    /* pfnDetach */
    NULL,
    /* pfnQueryInterface. */
    NULL,
    /* pfnInitComplete. */
    pcbiosInitComplete
};


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